2GPS SS8H1The student will evaluate the development of Native American Cultures and the impact of European exploration and settlement on the Native American cultures in Georgia.
3Task #1 With a sheet of paper, make three columns under three Categories. Only fill in the first two columns from the left.What do you know about how Native Americans lived before Europeans arrived?(For example foods, shelter, tools, families)What would you like to know about how the Native Americans lived?What did you learn about how the Native Americans lived before the Europeans arrived in the New World?
4Did Native Americans culture have a written language? If not, how do we know what we do about them?
5SS8H1a Describe the evolution of Native American cultures (Paleo, Archaic, Woodland, and Mississippian) prior to European contactTasks #2 During the video clip, think of these questions:*What is an archeologist?*Why would artifacts be considered “garbage?”*Who were the “people” who “greedily” seized “the lands of the red men” in Georgia?
6Tasks #3: When watching the video on Primitive Technology, ask yourself these questions: *What materials did the Native Americans use to make daily living items?*What did the Native Americans make “Dance Masks” out of?*How did Native Americans hand down stories to the next generation?*Native Americans used river cane poles to make what items?*What type of stone was utilized to make tools?
7Task #4 Place the dates and events on the appropriate location of the blank time line CENTRAL GEORGIA TIMLINE12,000 B.C. Paleo Indian Period – Ice Age Nomadic big game hunters (Clovis Culture)9,000 B.C. Transitional Period – Adjustments to the changing environment as the Ice Age ends8,000 B.C. Archaic Period – use of atlatl (spear thrower), ground stone tools and ornaments2,500 B.C. First pottery, revolutionized cooking and storage methods1,000 B.C. Woodland Period – Finer pottery decorated; bow and arrow, gardening (sunflower, gourds, etc.); semi-permanent villages with burial mounds900 A.D. Early Mississippian Period – intensive agriculture (corn, beans and squash planted) Large temple and burial mounds
81350 A.D. Late Mississippian Period – The Lamar Culture Towns, 1540 A.D Spaniard Hernando De Soto, traveled through the interior of Georgia.
9SS8H1aDescribe the evolution of Native American cultures (Paleo, Archaic, Woodland, and Mississippian) prior to European contact.
10Evolution of Native American society Essential Question: What caused the early prehistoric societies to migrate, and once they stopped their nomadic existence, how did their society change?
15Paleo Indian Culture 12,000 to 8000 B.C. (BCE) Years12,000 to 8000 B.C. (BCE)Social GroupingsNomadic, small groups (i.e. 25)Buried dead with artifactsShelter/HomesCaves, Animal HidesWeapons/ToolsSpears (Clovis points), AtlatlFoodBison, Mammoth, Giants Sloths
19Archaic Indian Culture Years8000 to 1000 B.C. (BCE)(Late Archaic around 2500 B.C—pottery)SocialGroupingsCamps, Clans (100 to 200)Shelter/HomesCrude shelters, stayed in one place longerWeapons/ToolsAtlatl and spearDrills, bones, needles, hooksFoodDeer, rabbits, seafood, fishWild berries, grains and fruit
26Woodland Era Indian Culture Years1000 B.C. to 800 A.D.Social GroupingsTribes, villages with defense perimetersShelters/HomesPermanent domed huts with grass roofs, burial moundsWeapons/ToolsBow and Arrow, axes, flintPotteryFoodsGardening of small plants, such as sunflowers, pumpkins, squash, etc. Small game
32Mississippian Indian Culture Years900 A.D. to 1600 A.D.Social GroupingsTribal councils in earth lodges, High Priest and/or chief lives on highest mound; Social classes and division of laborShelters/HomesLarge Communities (2,000) with plaza in center and Temple (ceremonial) MoundsHomes same as Woodland periodWeapons/ToolsBow and Arrow; stone axes and farming tools; cooper headdressesFoodIntensive farming (maize, beans, squash, and pumpkins), small game
34Task #5 Make three columns and identify some of the elements of Creek and Cherokee culture (use pages 84 to 91 in Textbook as resource)CreeksCherokeesMeaning of nameLocationTribal governmentVillagesHomes/FamilyLivelihood
35Sheet on Cumulative Topics of Economic in Georgia Sheet on Cumulative Topics of Economic in Georgia History (First Semester 2008)SS8E1 The Student will give examples of the kinds of goods and services produced in Georgia in different historical periods.Goods: Any item that can be _____________, _________, or _____________.Service: Any action that one does for another in exchange for some form of _____________(money, service or product).Resource: Anything used to ____________ (land, labor, or natural resource) a good or service.Economics: The study of how we make decisions to allocate _________ resources in order to meet our ______________ wants.Medium of Exchange: Any item that someone may want or need. The more people want or need the item, the higher its _________________.# BARTER ECONOMY:
36#1 Barter EconomyBasic ideas behind “bartering” in 15 words or less!!
37If we had NO money and currency, we would have to rely on the “bartering system.” For what items (or services) and how much would you trade for a:1. pass to the bathroom2. a pencil3. a student planner4. a gym bag or backpack5. week worth of lunches
38SS8H1b Evaluate the impact of European contact on Native American cultures including the Spanish missions along the Barrier Islands, and the exploration of De SotoSS8H1c Explain reasons for European exploration and settlement in North America, with emphasis on the interests of the French, Spanish, and English in the southeastern area.
39Write these questions down and find answers in the power point slides 1. Who were the “middlemen,” and why did western Europeans try to avoid them?2. What were the reasons why Cortez was able to defeat the Aztec Empire? Motive?3. Which institution assisted Pizarro in conquering the Inca Empire? Who was more ruthless?
42Eurasian Trade Routes Asian traders Muslim traders Italian merchants What happens to the price of goods every time they change hands?Therefore, who became REALLY wealthy from the Eurasian trade routes?The price goes up!Italian merchants!
43Spanish Missions along the barrier islands Which individuals or groups in Georgia History were influence by the conquistadors?Hernando De Soto (1540s)Spanish Missions along the barrier islands
45Task #6 Watch video clip on De Soto and think about these questions: What was De Soto searching for when he explored Georgia?Although outnumbered, what advantages did De Soto and his men have over the Native Americans in GA?Why was his expedition a failure?What legacy (one good and one bad) did De Soto leave on the history of Georgia?
46Task #7 Write out and answer the following question on a separate sheet of paper What do you think the Native Americans thought when they saw De Soto’s men arrive riding horses and dressed in metal armor and helmets?In your opinion, what type of man was De Soto?
47The SpanishFounded St. Augustine in 1565First Spanish mission in 1566 on St. Catherine’s IslandMissions covered area along the barrier islands and coastal plain called Guale (named after one of the local tribes)Purposesa. Convert natives to Christianityb. Assimilate tribesmenc. Physical presence against French and English
49V. Decline of Spanish missions Diseases and overworked men“Slave-raids” by British and allies (Yamasee who later work with Georgia colony)Spanish Empire losing world power after Spanish Armada in 1588.Last mission remained until 1684
50Founded Fort Caroline at mouth of St. John’s River (near Jacksonville) The FrenchFounded Fort Caroline at mouth of St. John’s River (near Jacksonville)Wanted base to battle Spanish for control of southeast and steal goldSpanish captured fort and drove out FrenchFrench remain in Mississippi River and New Orleans
51and settling the southeastern area a. Overcrowding in England The EnglishReasons for exploringand settling the southeastern areaa. Overcrowding in Englandb. Compete with Spanish and Frenchc. Religious freedomd. Economic opportunities
52Jamestown started in 1607Carolina colony founded in 1670 (built Charleston in 1670)Ocmulgee trading post (located by the mounds) founded in 1690.a Col. James Moore and Creek warriors devastated the Spanish mission systemb Yamassee War, 90% of the English traders were killed.c. British and Creeks defeat and push Yamassees back to FloridaV to 1728 Fort King George was built at mouth of Altamaha River (buffer against Spanish)