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Section 7-2 Complex Inheritance Section 7-2 Complex Inheritance Write everything that is BLACK.

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Presentation on theme: "Section 7-2 Complex Inheritance Section 7-2 Complex Inheritance Write everything that is BLACK."— Presentation transcript:

1 Section 7-2 Complex Inheritance Section 7-2 Complex Inheritance Write everything that is BLACK

2 7.2 Complex Patterns of Inheritance KEY CONCEPT Phenotype is affected by many different factors

3 7.2 Complex Patterns of Inheritance Phenotype can depend on interactions of alleles Incomplete dominance: neither allele is completely dominant nor completely recessiveIncomplete dominance: neither allele is completely dominant nor completely recessive –Heterozygous phenotype is intermediate between the two homozygous phenotypes

4 7.2 Complex Patterns of Inheritance Codominant alleles will both be completely expressedCodominant alleles will both be completely expressed –Codominant alleles are neither dominant nor recessive –The ABO blood types result from codominant alleles Many genes have more than two allelesMany genes have more than two alleles

5 7.2 Complex Patterns of Inheritance How can two people with type B blood have a child with type O blood?How can two people with type B blood have a child with type O blood? If two people are heterozygotes (I they can each pass the recessive allele (i) to their offspring.If two people are heterozygotes (I B i) they can each pass the recessive allele (i) to their offspring.

6 7.2 Complex Patterns of Inheritance Many genes may interact to produce one trait Polygenic traits are produced by two or more genesPolygenic traits are produced by two or more genes Order of dominance: brown > green > blue.

7 7.2 Complex Patterns of Inheritance An epistatic gene can interfere with other genesAn epistatic gene can interfere with other genes An epistatic gene blocks the production of pigments.

8 7.2 Complex Patterns of Inheritance How do multiple allele traits differ from polygenic traits?How do multiple allele traits differ from polygenic traits? Multiple allele traits are influenced by several different versions of one gene; polygenic traits are influenced by multiple genesMultiple allele traits are influenced by several different versions of one gene; polygenic traits are influenced by multiple genes

9 7.2 Complex Patterns of Inheritance The environment interacts with genotype Phenotype is a combination of genotype and environment Phenotype is a combination of genotype and environment The sex of sea turtles depends on both genes and the environmentThe sex of sea turtles depends on both genes and the environment Height is an example of a phenotype strongly affected by the environmentHeight is an example of a phenotype strongly affected by the environment Warm = female Cold = Male

10 7.2 Complex Patterns of Inheritance Sunlight can cause a persons hair to become lighter in color. Is this an example of an interaction between genes and the environment? Why or why not?Sunlight can cause a persons hair to become lighter in color. Is this an example of an interaction between genes and the environment? Why or why not? Yes, because the phenotype is altered by the environment.Yes, because the phenotype is altered by the environment.


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