Presentation on theme: "The Road to War & The War of 1812"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Road to War & The War of 1812 Chapter 7, 8th Grade, Glencoe
2 Barbary Coast States – North African Nations Pirates Tripoli & Barbary States attacked European & American ships – ____________ _________________________________________________________________________Capture the Philadelphia (U.S. ship); Stephen Decatur set the ship on fire to prevent __________________________________________________________________________June 1805 – Tripoli agrees to not attack our ships, but U.S. has to pay __________________________________________________________________________Barbary Pirates
3 American Neutrality is Violated 1803 – Britain & France went to war againBoth the British & French _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________
4 Limits on TradeEmbargo Act of 1807Forbade Americans ______________________________________________________________________It cut off supplies to France & Britain, but it also hurt the U.S.Embargo Act failed because _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________U.S. couldn’t import sugar, tea, or molassesEventually U.S. agrees to trade with Britain & France again once they ______________________________________________________________________Napoleon tricks U.S. and continues to capture U.S. ships; Some Americans call for war1808 – ______________________________________________________________________
5 Conflicts with Native Americans Ohio becomes a state in 1803, but settlers __________________________________________________________________________Tecumseh & the Prophet thought Indians were __________________________________________________________________________They called for the Indians to return to their old ways & resist white invaders; although they received support from the BritishTecumseh organized a _________________________________________________________________________1811 – General Harrison, governor of Indian Territory, leads attack on Prophetstown on the __________________________________________________________________________No clear winner, but white celebrate; Tecumseh flees to British-held CanadaTecumseh &the Prophet
6 Reasons War Hawks Wanted War War Hawks = members of Congress from the South & West who called for war with BritainReasons War Hawks Wanted WarTo ________________________________________________________To stop British ____________________________________________To demonstrate ______________________________________________________To take _____________________________________________________________________To end ________________________________________________________________War Hawks thought war would bring peace & safety to the Frontier and dreamed of more landThose opposed to war don’t want extra taxes & are concerned about British attacking U.S. ports
7 U.S. declares war _____________________________________ War of 1812U.S. declares war _____________________________________Britain still at war _____________________________________Pres. Jefferson reduced spending on _________________________________________________________________________Few regular troops = relied on volunteersBritish blockaded American ports to __________________________________________________________________________U.S. navy too small _____________________________________
8 Native Americans ___________________________________ BattlesAndrew JacksonAmerican General William Hull was ______________________________________________________________________American Captain Oliver Hazard Perry was successful at __________________________________________________________________________Andrew Jackson able to win the Battle of Horseshoe Bend (1814) against the CreeksNative Americans ___________________________________
9 British win battle in Maryland & then march on Washington, D.C. Final Battles1814- Britain defeats France & send ________________________________________________________________British win battle in Maryland & then march on Washington, D.C.British _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ able gather important paper of pres. & portrait of George Washington from White HouseBattle of Fort McHenry – inspired American Francis Scott Key ________________________________________________________________________Battle of New Orleans – British attack Jan. 8, __________________________________________________________________________Could have been avoided because _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
10 Treaty of _____________________________________ Results of the War of 1812Treaty of _____________________________________Pre-war ____________________________________USA gained _____________________________________________________________________The US showed _____________________________________Andrew Jackson __________________________________________________________________________
11 QuestionsWrite Three “Deep” Questions and answer them(questions that cannot be answered “yes,” “no,” or with a simple date or fact)1.2.3.
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