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The Road to War & The War of 1812 Chapter 7, 8 th Grade, Glencoe

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Presentation on theme: "The Road to War & The War of 1812 Chapter 7, 8 th Grade, Glencoe"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Road to War & The War of 1812 Chapter 7, 8 th Grade, Glencoe

2 Barbary Pirates Barbary Coast States – North African Nations Pirates Tripoli & Barbary States attacked European & American ships – ____________ ________________________________ ________________________________ _________ Capture the Philadelphia (U.S. ship); Stephen Decatur set the ship on fire to prevent ________________________________ ________________________________ __________ June 1805 – Tripoli agrees to not attack our ships, but U.S. has to pay ________________________________ ________________________________ __________

3 American Neutrality is Violated 1803 – Britain & France went to war again Both the British & French ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ _______________

4 Limits on Trade Embargo Act of 1807 –Forbade Americans ______________________________________________ ________________________ –It cut off supplies to France & Britain, but it also hurt the U.S. Embargo Act failed because ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ _______________ – U.S. couldnt import sugar, tea, or molasses –Eventually U.S. agrees to trade with Britain & France again once they ______________________________________________ ________________________ –Napoleon tricks U.S. and continues to capture U.S. ships; Some Americans call for war –1808 – ______________________________________________ ________________________

5 Conflicts with Native Americans Ohio becomes a state in 1803, but settlers ________________________________ ________________________________ __________ Tecumseh & the Prophet thought Indians were ________________________________ ________________________________ __________ –They called for the Indians to return to their old ways & resist white invaders; although they received support from the British Tecumseh organized a ________________________________ ________________________________ _________ 1811 – General Harrison, governor of Indian Territory, leads attack on Prophetstown on the ________________________________ ________________________________ __________ No clear winner, but white celebrate; Tecumseh flees to British-held Canada Tecumseh & the Prophet

6 War Hawks War Hawks = members of Congress from the South & West who called for war with Britain Reasons War Hawks Wanted War –To ______________________________________________ __________ –To stop British ____________________________________________ –To demonstrate ______________________________________________ ________ –To take ______________________________________________ _______________________ –To end ______________________________________________ __________________ War Hawks thought war would bring peace & safety to the Frontier and dreamed of more land Those opposed to war dont want extra taxes & are concerned about British attacking U.S. ports

7 War of 1812 U.S. declares war _____________________________________ Britain still at war _____________________________________ Pres. Jefferson reduced spending on __________________________________________________ _______________________ Few regular troops = relied on volunteers British blockaded American ports to __________________________________________________ ________________________ U.S. navy too small _____________________________________

8 Battles American General William Hull was _________________________________________________ _____________________ American Captain Oliver Hazard Perry was successful at _________________________________________________ _________________________ Andrew Jackson able to win the Battle of Horseshoe Bend (1814) against the Creeks –Native Americans ___________________________________ Andrew Jackson

9 Final Battles Britain defeats France & send __________________________________________________ ______________ British win battle in Maryland & then march on Washington, D.C. British __________________________________________________ ___________________ –________________________________________________ ________________ able gather important paper of pres. & portrait of George Washington from White House Battle of Fort McHenry – inspired American Francis Scott Key __________________________________________________ ______________________ Battle of New Orleans – British attack Jan. 8, __________________________________________________ ________________________ –Could have been avoided because ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ _________

10 Results of the War of 1812 Treaty of _____________________________________ Pre-war ____________________________________ USA gained _______________________________________________ ______________________ The US showed _____________________________________ Andrew Jackson _______________________________________________ ___________________________

11 Questions Write Three Deep Questions and answer them (questions that cannot be answered yes, no, or with a simple date or fact)


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