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A Time of Conflict Chapter 7, Section 1. Freedom of the Seas I. Sailing in foreign seas was dangerous  Pirates from Tripoli and other Barbary Coast States.

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Presentation on theme: "A Time of Conflict Chapter 7, Section 1. Freedom of the Seas I. Sailing in foreign seas was dangerous  Pirates from Tripoli and other Barbary Coast States."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Time of Conflict Chapter 7, Section 1

2 Freedom of the Seas I. Sailing in foreign seas was dangerous  Pirates from Tripoli and other Barbary Coast States of North Africa I. Sailing in foreign seas was dangerous  Pirates from Tripoli and other Barbary Coast States of North Africa

3  They raided ships and demanded Tribute  Tribute: protection for money to allow ships to pass  They raided ships and demanded Tribute  Tribute: protection for money to allow ships to pass

4 II – Pirates seized ship  Captain Stephen Decatur burned the ship and escaped in a small boat. II – Pirates seized ship  Captain Stephen Decatur burned the ship and escaped in a small boat.

5  We had to pay a ransom for the crew  Tripoli agreed to stop demanding tribute  We had to pay a ransom for the crew  Tripoli agreed to stop demanding tribute

6 III. U.S. had neutral rights from 1803 – 1805  Trade Prospered III. U.S. had neutral rights from 1803 – 1805  Trade Prospered

7 IV. IN 1805 Britain and France began seizing ships  British needed soldiers.  Stopped ships to search for deserters  Forced many Americans to serve in the British Navy (Impressment) IV. IN 1805 Britain and France began seizing ships  British needed soldiers.  Stopped ships to search for deserters  Forced many Americans to serve in the British Navy (Impressment)

8 V. Jefferson stopped trade with Britain.  Congress enacted the Embargo act in 1807  It was ineffective V. Jefferson stopped trade with Britain.  Congress enacted the Embargo act in 1807  It was ineffective

9 VI. James Madison was elected president in 1808.

10 War Fever VII. In 1810, Bonaparte ended France’s trade restrictions with the U.S.  French continued to seize American ships VII. In 1810, Bonaparte ended France’s trade restrictions with the U.S.  French continued to seize American ships

11  Tecumseh – a powerful Shawnee chief  Built a confederacy among Native American nations to stop the white movement into their lands.  Tecumseh – a powerful Shawnee chief  Built a confederacy among Native American nations to stop the white movement into their lands.

12  Tecumseh’s brother, The Prophet, urged followers to return to Native American ways.  Set up a village in Northern Indiana called Prophetstown.  Tecumseh’s brother, The Prophet, urged followers to return to Native American ways.  Set up a village in Northern Indiana called Prophetstown.

13  William Henry Harrison, governor of Indiana, attacked Prophetstown in the Battle of Tippecanoe.  Many Native Americans fled to Canada  William Henry Harrison, governor of Indiana, attacked Prophetstown in the Battle of Tippecanoe.  Many Native Americans fled to Canada

14  War Hawks: a group of young nationalistic Republicans  They were Led by Henry Clay & John Calhoun  They pressured the president to declare war on Britain.  War Hawks: a group of young nationalistic Republicans  They were Led by Henry Clay & John Calhoun  They pressured the president to declare war on Britain.

15  By Spring of 1812, Madison had decided that war with Britain was inevitable (unavoidable)

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