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Objectives 3-4 3- Differentiate between Mercator, Robinson and Conic map projections. 4- Calculate time and date in different time zones
Map Projections Projections Image of the Earth projected on paper
Map Projections: MercatorLat. & long. lines parallel Covers large area (global) Distortion at the poles
Map Projections: RobinsonAccurate continental shapes Lines of lat. are parallel Lines of long. are curved Less distortion near poles
Map Projections: ConicAccurate for certain latitudes Distortion at poles and equator Usually covers a small area
Why Time Zones? video
Why do we have time zones?Earth rotates once every 24 hours West to east
Why do we have time zones?Divide earth into 24 time zones (25) Each unit is 15o wide = 1hr time change Eastward advance hour Westward subtract hour
Rules for Changing DateDate changes when crossing International Date Line Cross westward = advance a day Cross eastward = go back a day Day must change at midnight
How maps and globes represent our Earth?. Maps and Globes Map is a flat model of all or part of Earth. Globe is a sphere that represents Earth’s entire.
Coordinates. Space is important How can we represent this space numerically? 2D and 3D.
Chapter 6 Views of Earth Sections 2 & 3: Latitude and Longitude and Maps.
“Tool Box” Unit Part 2 – Where are you?. Global Grid Use the grid to give your coordinate address on earth Absolute Location vs relative location.
Word of the Day Nautical Mile: One minute of arc length of latitude or longitude at the equator, or 1852m.
Ch 1 sec 2. There are certain basic elements to every map. All maps will have some of these, but may not have all of them. Title – this explains the.
Map Projections, Types of Maps Latitude and Longitude
Review Game #5. Match to description Scale Absolute Location Latitude Lines Longitude Lines Relative Location Map Distortion Mercator Robinson Polar.
Latitude, Longitude, and Maps. Cartography is the science of making maps. Use of imaginary grid of parallel and vertical lines to give exact locations.
Maps give us different viewpoints of the earth’s surface.
How to Read a Map Chapter 2: Maps as Models of the Earth.
Two measurements are used to describe locations around the world. Two measurements are used to describe locations around the world. Latitude: distance.
TIME ZONES AND TYPES OF MAPS Chapter 1. Time Zones Earth is divided into 24 time zones. Why 24???? It takes about 24 hours for the Earth to rotate on.
CHAPTER 2 MAPPING OUR WORLD.
MAP PROJECTIONS What is a projection? A way of showing the curved surface of the earth on a flat map – 2D How might a projection be misleading ? Because.
MAPPING OUR WORLD. CARTOGRAPHY THE SCIENCE OF MAPMAKING.
Maps Chapter 6, Section 3.
From Globes to Maps.
Book Definition In your own words… Picture Latitude Distance in degrees north or south of the equator.
Guided Notes on Latitude and Longitude
Chapter 2, Section 2. If you were standing on Earth…how would you know what shape it was? If you were sailing…how would you figure out the shape of Earth?
CARTOGRAPHY The creation of maps including projection and design.
Map Skills Maps are a representation of the earth or a region of the earth and are an important tool of geography. There are many different types of maps.
Viewpoints Chapter 6, Section 2.
Chapter 5 The Changing Surface of Earth
Objectives Vocabulary Compare and contrast latitude and longitude.
-presents- EEn Predict the locations of volcanoes, earthquakes, and faults based on information contained in a variety of maps.
Advantages and disadvantages to different types of maps
MAPPING Where in the world is…. Summit of Mt Rainier, Washington.
Chapter 2: Mapping Our World BIG Idea: Earth Scientists use mapping technologies to investigate and describe the world.
Chapter 3. Models of the Earth In order to locate points on Earth, we use models. Two general types of models: Maps Globes 2-Dimensional3-Dimensional More.
Mapping Our World Latitude and Longitude Cartography –Science of mapmaking –Uses imaginary grid of parallel lines and vertical lines to locate points on.
CHAPTER 1 THE TOOLS OF GEOGRAPHERS. Globe A globe is a 3-D representation of the Earth. Sometimes globes are not very practical because they are TOO BULKY!
Maps. Compare the size of Greenland to Africa. Maps What is wrong with this map? It is flat. The longitude lines are parallel; in reality they should.
Time Zones Global Studies Mr. McRoberts The World in Spatial Terms
Maps VS Globes -2-D method of showing the 3-D Earth -Distorts size of continents and oceans since it is flat In Maps.
World Geography! Unit 1 Introduction to… THE WORLD!!!!!!!!!
Earth Science Mr. Bimber
Using Maps and Mapping Technology
Earth Systems - Chapter 1.3 Mapping Our World. Learning Objectives Identify the seven continents on a map Identify the four oceans on a map Distinguish.
Global Grid Mapping a 3-dimensional world in 2 dimensions.
What is geography?. Geography is a lot of things:
The Science of Map Making. Separates the Earth into 2 halves a) Northern Hemisphere b) Southern Hemisphere.
Map Projections By Mr. Melnick.
Chapter 1: Thinking Geographically. MAPS The tool of the geographer.
Unit 1: The World in Spatial Terms
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