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Guided Notes on Latitude and Longitude
Define Cartography: ► Cartography is the science of mapmaking
What is the equator? Where is it located? ► The equator separates the Earth into 2 hemispheres. It circles the Earth halfway between the North and South Poles
Define and describe Latitude and Lines of Latitude ► Latitude is the distance in degrees north or south of the equator ► Lines running parallel to the equator are lines of latitude
► Each degree of latitude is equal to 111km. To locate positions on Earth more precisely, cartographers break down degrees of latitude into sixty smaller units called minutes.
► One minute of latitude is equal to 1.85 km. Minutes of latitude can be divided into 60 seconds.
Define and describe Longitude and Lines of Longitude ► Longitude is the distance in degrees east or west of the prime meridian. ► Lines of longitude locate positions in east or west directions.
What is the Prime Meridian? Where is it located? ► The prime meridian is a line of longitude that represents 0° longitude. It runs from the north pole to the south pole through Greenwich, England.
► Unlike lines of latitude, lines of longitude are not parallel. Instead, they are large semicircles that extend vertically from pole to pole.
► 180° longitude is also known as the International Date Line.
► The distances covered by degrees of longitude vary with location. One degree of longitude varies from about 111km. at the equator to a point at the poles.
► In reference to the coordinates of a particular location, latitude always comes first.
Why is the earth divided into 24 time zones? ► Each time zone represents one hour in the 24 hours it takes for the earth to rotate on its axis.
► Each time zone is 15° wide, but some boundaries are adjusted because they would run through cities in which it would be confusing to have 2 different times.
Latitude and Longitude Section 2.1. Latitude Cartography – the science of mapmaking Equator – imaginary line that circles Earth horizontally halfway between.
Objectives Compare and contrast latitude and longitude. Latitude and Longitude Describe how time zones vary. –cartography –equator –latitude –longitude.
Standard 1.h: Read and interpret topographic and geologic maps.
Mapping. Why do you think maps are important? Latitude and Longitude Mapmakers (cartographers) use an imaginary grid of parallel lines and vertical lines.
MAPPING OUR WORLD CHAPTER 2. CARTOGRAPHY The science of mapmaking is called cartography. – Study of maps – Creation of maps – Combines science, aesthetics,
Latitude, Longitude, and Maps. Cartography is the science of making maps. Use of imaginary grid of parallel and vertical lines to give exact locations.
Mapping Our World. Essential Questions To Answer What is the difference between latitude and longitude Why is it important to give a city’s complete.
Mapping Our World Latitude and Longitude Cartography –Science of mapmaking –Uses imaginary grid of parallel lines and vertical lines to locate points on.
Lines of latitude and longitude are used to locate places on Earth. Section 1: Latitude and Longitude Essential Questions What is the difference between.
Distance measure in degrees- from 0 o to 90 o North or South of the equator Equator- primary reference point Lines are called parallels- form complete.
Section 2.1 – Latitude and Longitude 1. Students will be able to: ◦ Define cartography ◦ Describe the difference between latitude and longitude. ◦ Explain.
Viewpoints Chapter 6, Section 2. Latitude and Longitude Latitude and Longitude Latitude and Longitude An imaginary grid system used to accurately locate.
Mapping Our World Chapter 2. Latitude and Longitude Section 2.1.
Oh Where Oh Where Has My Little Dog Gone LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE.
Table of Contents Title: Chapter 2 - Mapping our World –Page #: 17 –Date: 9/19/2012.
Word of the Day Nautical Mile: One minute of arc length of latitude or longitude at the equator, or 1852m.
Longitude and Latitude. Latitude Latitude is the distance north or south of the equator; imaginary lines measured in terms of 360 degrees of a circle.
Finding Locations on Earth. Reference Points Points on earth’s surface used to establish direction. North & South geographic poles Plus the imaginary.
Lines of Latitude and Longitude. Latitude Latitude: A line on a map or globe that runs east and west and measures distance north or south of the equator.
LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE LATITUDE Latitude lines run horizontally and are also known as parallels since they are parallel and are an equal distance from.
Mapping Our World: Globes Chapter 2. Your Experience with Maps Describe the various ways in which you have used maps. Why is it important to use a map?
Locating Positions on the Earth’s Surface. Coordinate System Surface grid used to locate any position on the Earth Latitude and Longitude.
Measuring Latitude and Longitude. Parallels of Latitude Imaginary lines that remain at an equal distance from each other Labeled in degrees North or South.
-presents- EEn Predict the locations of volcanoes, earthquakes, and faults based on information contained in a variety of maps.
Latitude & Longitude Lines Latitude and Longitude ► The earth is divided into lots of lines called latitude and longitude.
Latitude & Longitude Lines. Latitude and Longitude ► The earth is divided into lots of lines called latitude and longitude.
Do Now Draw a map of this classroom. Use a key to label 5 important items in this room.
MAPPING OUR WORLD. CARTOGRAPHY THE SCIENCE OF MAPMAKING.
Measuring Latitude and Longitude. Absolute Location Exact location –Determined by measuring latitude & longitude –Latitude always written first (Latitude,
Using Latitude and Longitude. Relative location: describing the location of a place in relation to another place. Absolute location: exact location.
Cartography – science of mapmaking Equator circles Earth halfway between the north and south poles ◦ Separates Earth into 2 equal halves (hemispheres)
MERIDIANS AND PARALLELS A series of imaginary vertical and horizontal lines enables us to identify the exact location of places on Earth.
Mapping the Earth: Objective: To demonstrate knowledge of how to locate places on the Earth using absolute location and systems of measurement.
Latitude and Longitude. Maps are flat models of 3D objects. People have been making maps for 1000’s of years. The science of map making is Cartography.
Chapter 3. Finding Locations on Earth: Latitude A reference grid that is made up of additional circles is used to locate places on Earth‘s surface.
Latitude and Longitude Mini Lesson - Grade 8. Essential Question: How is absolute location found? Objective: SWBAT: Locate places on earth, using latitude.
Latitude and Longitude If the Earth were flat, we could treat a map like a graph and use co-ordinates to find and mark places But its not, the Earth.
What is cartography? Purpose of Maps Famous map examples Organization of the map: the equator, latitude, and longitude, Prime meridian, tropics.
LATITUDELONGITUDE drawn east to west to show distances north or south of the Equator (0 degrees) Equator divides the Earth into the Northern and the.
CHAPTER ONE FINDING YOUR WAY. WHAT ARE LINES OF LATITUDE?
COORDINATE SYSTEM: -A system of lines, that you can use to locate any position on Earth. - assigns every position on earth a pair of coordinates (2 numbers)
Aim: How do we locate positions on Earth? I. Coordinate System – assigns to every position on Earth a pair of coordinates (2 numbers) called latitude.
Aim: How do we use latitude and longitude to find locations? Topic: Unit 1 Main Idea: Latitude and Longitude.
Scientific models in the form of maps can be useful for finding locations & showing land formations on the Earth’s surface.
Latitude and Longitude Notes. Lines of Latitude Measure distances North and South from the Equator (the higher the latitude, the further from the equator)
Map Coordinates Review. Equator A line that divides the planet into northern and southern hemispheres Has a measure of 0 degrees of Latitude.
MAP READING Latitude and Longitude. LATITUDE Imaginary lines running East/West Measure North/South of the Equator (0 o ) Splits Earth into Northern/Southern.
Longitude and Latitude Dividing the Globe The Earth zThe earth is a SPHERE. zThe earth’s diameter at the equator is Km. zThe globe can be divided.
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