Presentation on theme: "THE MIDDLE COLONIES. WHY WOULD SOMEONE IN GERMANY WANT TO MOVE TO NORTH AMERICA?. religious wars Desire to be free and worship your own religion."— Presentation transcript:
THE MIDDLE COLONIES
WHY WOULD SOMEONE IN GERMANY WANT TO MOVE TO NORTH AMERICA?. religious wars Desire to be free and worship your own religion
The colonies that made up the Middle Colonies. 1. New York 2. Pennsylvania 3. New Jersey 4. Delaware
THESE ARE THE social and economic characteristics of the MIDDLE COLONIES SOCIAL 1. New York: Dutch Influence 2. New Jersey: diverse population 3. Founded by Quakers
ECONOMIC 1. successful farming of staple crops 2. work force of slaves and indentured servants 3. active trade with Britain and West Indies
I can explain how New York and New Jersey were similar in the 1600s? FUR TRADE WAS VERY IMPORTANT TO BOTH OF THEM!
WHO WAS WILLIAM PENN? WILLIAM PENN ( ) 1. Born in London as a son of a wealthy admiral 2. He believed in fair practices with the Indians 3. Active preacher in 1666 of the Quakers 4. He welcomed immigrants 5. He supported toleration of dissenters 6. HE promised religious tolerance 7. HE received a charter to start the colony of Pennsylvania 8. He died in 1718
WHO WERE THE QUAKERS? The Society of Friends, one of the largest groups in New Jersey that were heavily persecuted for their religious beliefs.
QUAKERS BELIEFS 1. They did not follow normal religious practices 2. Dressed plainly 3. They believed in the equality of men and women before God 4. Supported nonviolence and religious tolerance 5. Many of their practices SHOCKED most Christians 6. Many were persecuted for their beliefs
Why did William Penn establish Pennsylvania and HOW DID HE INFLUENCE ITS GOVERNMENT? William Penn wished to found a larger colony (Pennsylvania) under his own control that would provide a safe home for Quakers. Penn limited his own power and established an elected assembly. He also promised religious freedom to all Christians.
71. I can define CASH CROPS Crops that are always needed (staple crops) WHEAT, BARLEY, OATS AND LIVESTOCK
THREE THINGS to DESCRIBE the MIDDLE COLONIES. 1. GOOD CLIMATE 2. RICH LAND 3. FARMING
SLAVES where MORE IMPORTANT in the MIDDLE COLONIES than they were in the New England Colonies. They worked in cites as skilled laborers, such as blacksmiths and carpenters. Other slaves worked on farms, onboard ships, and in the growing shipbuilding industry.
74.________________ was also VERY important in the MIDDLE COLONIES. Many exported goods to Britain and the West Indies. TRADE
The IMPACT WOMEN made to the economy during this time period. 1. Ran farms and businesses (clothing, grocery stores, bakeries, drugstores) 2. Some practiced medicine and worked as nurses and midwives 3. Most women worked at home (managed the household and raised children) 4. Some sold butter 5. Some made money by washing clothes
WHAT DO I DO NOW? 1. TRY AND THINK ABOUT THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE NEW ENGLAND, MIDDLE AND SOUTHERN COLONIES 2. START YOUR H.W FINISH EARLY? WORK ON COLORING SHEET FOR EXTRA CREDIT! 4. QUOTE: "Be the change that you wish to see in the world." Mahatma GandhiMahatma Gandhi