5 THESE ARE THE social and economic characteristics of the MIDDLE COLONIES 1. New York: Dutch Influence2. New Jersey: diverse population3. Founded by Quakers
6 1. successful farming of staple crops ECONOMIC1. successful farming of staple crops2. work force of slaves and indentured servants3. active trade with Britain and West Indies
7 I can explain how New York and New Jersey were similar in the 1600s? FUR TRADE WAS VERY IMPORTANT TO BOTH OF THEM!
8 WHO WAS WILLIAM PENN? WILLIAM PENN (1644-1718) 1. Born in London as a son of a wealthy admiral2. He believed in fair practices with the Indians3. Active preacher in 1666 of the Quakers4. He welcomed immigrants5. He supported toleration of dissenters6. HE promised religious tolerance7. HE received a charter to start the colony of Pennsylvania8. He died in 1718
10 WHO WERE THE QUAKERS?The Society of Friends, one of the largest groups in New Jersey that were heavily persecuted for their religious beliefs.
11 QUAKERS’ BELIEFS 1. They did not follow normal religious practices 2. Dressed plainly3. They believed in the equality of men and women before God4. Supported nonviolence and religious tolerance5. Many of their practices SHOCKED most Christians6. Many were persecuted for their beliefs
12 Why did William Penn establish Pennsylvania and HOW DID HE INFLUENCE ITS GOVERNMENT? William Penn wished to found a larger colony (Pennsylvania) under his own control that would provide a safe home for Quakers.Penn limited his own power and established an elected assembly.He also promised religious freedom to all Christians.
13 71. I can define CASH CROPS Crops that are always needed (staple crops)WHEAT, BARLEY, OATS AND LIVESTOCK
14 THREE THINGS to DESCRIBE the MIDDLE COLONIES. 1. GOOD CLIMATE2. RICH LAND3. FARMING
15 SLAVES where MORE IMPORTANT in the MIDDLE COLONIES than they were in the New England Colonies. They worked in cites as skilled laborers, such as blacksmiths and carpenters.Other slaves worked on farms, onboard ships, and in the growing shipbuilding industry.
16 74. ________________ was also VERY important in the MIDDLE COLONIES 74.________________ was also VERY important in the MIDDLE COLONIES. Many exported goods to Britain and the West Indies.TRADE
17 The IMPACT WOMEN made to the economy during this time period. 1. Ran farms and businesses (clothing, grocery stores, bakeries, drugstores)2. Some practiced medicine and worked as nurses and midwives3. Most women worked at home (managed the household and raised children)4. Some sold butter5. Some made money by washing clothes
18 WHAT DO I DO NOW?1. TRY AND THINK ABOUT THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE NEW ENGLAND, MIDDLE AND SOUTHERN COLONIES2. START YOUR H.W3. FINISH EARLY? WORK ON COLORING SHEET FOR EXTRA CREDIT!4. QUOTE: "Be the change that you wish to see in the world." — Mahatma Gandhi