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What is taxonomy? Taxonomy is the branch of biology concerned with the grouping and naming of organisms Biologists who study this are called taxonomists
How did it start? People wanted to organize their world so they began grouping, or classifying everything they saw.
Things that swim Things that fly Things that crawl Things that walk on four legs Things that chew their food Things that swallow food whole Things that are toxic
Why classify? To help us study the earthTo help us organize all the species we discover . . .
To give every species a name based on a standard method so scientists from different countries can talk about the same animal without confusion
Who is Carolus Linnaeus?Carolus Linnaeus was a Swedish botanist Developed a 7-level (taxa) classification system based on similarities between organisms
The Seven Level System Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus SpeciesPhillip Called Oprah For Good Spices
How does it work? There are 6 broad kingdomsEvery living thing that we know of fits into one of the six kingdoms Each level gets more specific as fewer organisms fit into any one group
An animal is known by two names…Canis lupus is the scientific name for a gray wolf. Canis is the genus name lupus is the species name This system uses a binomial nomenclature
Genus… A genus consists of a group of closely related speciesOther animals in the Canis group include dogs and coyotes The genus name is always Capitalized
Species... A species consists of animals that can mate and produce fertile offspring Only grey wolves are known as lupus. The species name is always lowercase
Binomial NomenclatureBi means two Nomen means name A binomial nomenclature is a classification system using two names to identify an organism
Quick Review What are the seven taxa or levels?Who designed the system? What taxa are organisms named with?
Classification of Living Things
Unit V: Classification
Classifying Living Things
Classification of Living things What is life? All living things have the following traits: 1. are made of Cell(s) 2. contain similar chemicals 3. use.
Class Notes 1: Linnaean Classification
Classification of Living Things What is classification? w Classification is the grouping of living organisms according to similar characteristics w The.
Taxonomy level: 1.1-A Remember Factual Knowledge
Classification of Life
Hmmm... How about those classifying activities we did? –Was it easy to make up the classification scheme? –Was it easy to follow other people's instructions?
Section 1 Biodiversity. Although scientists have classified almost 2 million species, there are likely many more.
Chapter 2.1 (pages 46-51). Key concepts: Explain why and how organisms are classified. List the eight levels of classification. Explain scientific names.
Sort candy into groups write down how you sorted the candy Student A is the scribe and will write down how the pair sorted the candy Student B is the.
18-1 Finding Order in Diversity Biologists have identified and named 1.5 million species so far.
Taxonomy and Classification. Taxonomy is The classification of organisms in an ordered system that indicates natural relationships.
Classification of Living Organisms. As living things are constantly being investigated, new attributes are revealed that affect how organisms are placed.
The Classification of Life. Classification of Life Biology » The study of life Taxonomy » Classification and naming of organisms.
The Diversity of Living Things An Introduction. How many species exist on Earth? Estimated = 8.7 million Actual number identified by scientists = 2 million.
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