Presentation on theme: "Classification of Living Things Diversity of Life."— Presentation transcript:
Classification of Living Things Diversity of Life
What is classification? w Classification is the grouping of things according to characteristics w The science of classifying organisms is known as taxonomy
Early classification systems w Aristotle grouped animals according to the way they moved w John Ray was the first to use the term species
Binomial Nomenclature w Developed by Linnaeus w Two-name system w Each organism has a genus and a species name w First name (genus); second name (species)
What is a scientific name? w Combination of the genus and species name of an organism w Scientific names of organisms are always italicized or underlined: (Genus is capitalized; species name is lower-case)
Questions w What is classification? w Why is classifying living things important? w What is taxonomy? w Describe binomial nomenclature.
Questions w Who developed a system for naming living organisms? w For what is John Ray known? w What is a scientific name of an organism and how is it written?
Seven classification groups of living things w Kingdom w Phylum w Class w Order w Family w Genus w Species
Questions w What are the seven classification groups? w Kings Play Cards On Fat Green Stools