Presentation on theme: "Small Equipment and Notions"— Presentation transcript:
1 Small Equipment and Notions Lesson 1: Chapter 10 in your book
2 What are notions?All the things that you use for sewing such as, thread, buttons, ribbons, zippers, bias tape, hem tape, etc. There are many others as well, but basically notions are anything other than the fabric/pattern.
3 Tape Measures Non-stretchable flexible strip Usually marked with inches and centimeters. Be sure you’re using the right side!Uses:Taking body measurementsCan be used for any measuring task
7 A device to hold your pins Magnetic and tomato type Pin CushionA device to hold your pinsMagnetic and tomato type(I prefer the tomato type because the magnets shift and can be bumped off)
8 Pin CushionWhy the tomato? According to folklore, placing a tomato on the mantle of a new home guaranteed prosperity and repelled evil spirits. If tomatoes were out of season, families improvised by using a round ball of red fabric filled with sand or sawdust.
9 Pin CushionWhy is there a strawberry attached? It’s filled with emery to sharpen your pins. Push the pin in and pull it out repeatedly.
10 Pins (Dressmaker Pins) Tip: Use only the best—toss the rest. If a pin becomes bent, dull, or rusted, don’t hesitate to THROW IT OUT!What pins appear different from the rest?10
11 Pins (Dressmaker Pins) For this class, ONLY BUY PINS THAT HAVE balls/shapes on the ends.Pins without em get caught in the carpet!!!* Don’t buy these!!!11
12 Varying sizes with varying points. The most common = Sharps Hand Sewing NeedlesVarying sizes with varying points.The most common = Sharpsmedium lengthhave a round eyesuitable for almost any fabric
16 Sewing Machine Needles Come in a variety of sizes for different machines and different fabrics8 = fine needle and 19 = thick heavy needle60 = fine needle and 120 = thick heavy needleSheer window curtain needs a fine needle (8/60) Using 19/120 would leave holes in the fabric.Heavy upholstery fabric needs a 19/120 b/c it’s strong enough to pierce the fabric and carry a thread strong enough for this type of fabric.Using a 8/60 needle, it would bend or break.16
17 Sewing Machine Needles The most common types of point are sharps, ballpoint and universal.Sharp needles are for all woven fabric.Ballpoint needles are designed for knit fabric so that the point glides between the loops of a knit fabric without ripping the fibers that make up the fabric.*Universal needles can be used with woven or knit fabric. The point of a universal needle is sharp yet very slightly rounded giving it the characteristics of a sharp and a ballpoint needle.17
19 A wire, bent into a diamond shape attached to a handle. Sewing Needle ThreaderA wire, bent into a diamond shapeattached to a handle.Threading needle fast and easy.To use:Pass the wire through the eye of the needlePlace the thread inside the wirePull the handle on the wire through and the thread comes with it!
21 Practice Time! Everyone practice using a needle threader. Eventually you may not need this but it sure helps avoid frustration while you’re learning!
22 ShearsSimilar to scissors, but the lower blade always stays flat on a cutting surface.(Watch example.)Cut out patterns and sewing projects.Sharp shears are key to accurate cutting along pattern lines.Dull shears will drive you crazy!
25 When you need to trim threads as you sew at the machine. Embroidery ScissorsWhen you need to trim threads as you sew at the machine.The blades of the scissors may have a slight upward curve to ensure you trim thread without cutting fabric.
26 Never use your shears to trim threads as you sew at your machine! WHY?They are too big and get in the way.You could over cut your threads and clip your project’s fabric instead!
27 Jagged blades that fit together to cut a saw-tooth type edge (zig zag) Pinking ShearsJagged blades that fit together to cut a saw-tooth type edge (zig zag)Can create a seam finishGreat for non-fraying fabrics like fleece!
31 Round blades with a handle and protective cover for the blade. Rotary CuttersRound blades with a handle and protective cover for the blade.Works similar to an xacto knife, only it cuts fabricMUST be used with rotary mats and rotary rulers.
33 Different sizes and markings Rotary Cutting MatsSelf-healingDifferent sizes and markingsNot damaged by rotary cutter (protects your surface)Does not damage rotary cutter (won’t scratch or overly dull the circle blade)
35 Pressing Tools Iron and ironing board Press cloth = (piece of fabric) used when applying extreme heat when ironing a fabric. Acts as a barrier to protect fabric from burning/melting/discoloring.Hams = rounded egg-shaped mats for ironing garments with curved seamsSleeve rolls = Presser bars with a flattened end
37 What is wrong with the image of this ironing board and iron?
38 Fabric Marking Tools Used to mark your fabric when measuring. Chalk and pencilwash off.Pens usually fadeor are permanent.38
39 Drawstring Threader/Bodkin Used to rethread a drawstringGreatest invention EVER!I recommend buying one of theseif you wear hoodies a lot and you’re constantly losing the drawstring in the wash/dryer!Also used to sew straps andTurn them right side out.39
40 Tracing Paper and Tracing Wheel Used to transfer pattern markings/symbols on to your fabric before cuttingThe tracing wheel should NOT cut through fabric. It is not sharp.The tracing paper leaves colored dots on your fabric for you to follow when cutting/sewing40
42 Hem TapeHem tape = a type of sew-on or fusible adhesive that prepares the bottom (hem) of a garment.42
43 Bias TapeBias tape = made from strips of fabric which are used as edging in a variety of projectsA long strip of fabric cut on the bias or diagonal of fabricLooks like a ribbon with an opening like a hot dog bun (This is used to place the edge of the fabric inside before sewing.)Adds flexibility and support to the edge of the fabric and prevents fraying43
45 ElasticA stretchy flexible band made of material that can return to its original shape after being stretched or extended.Most commonly used in support for undergarments such as panties/bras or bathing suits.Comes in different widths45
46 Materials to Purchase: Please follow along on your sheet