+ Shears & Scissors Dressmaker Shears Bent handle allows fabric to lie flat while cutting. Usually 7 t0 8 inches Pinking Shears Zigzag edge: Finishes raw edge of seam Helps prevent raveling Not for cutting out pattern pieces. Sewing Scissors Small round handles Blade usually 4 to 6 inches Good for detail work: Clipping curves Corners Embroidery Scissors 3 to 4 inches in length Very pointed tip Used for cutting: Buttonholes Trimming embroidery threads
+ Seam Ripper Purpose: Removes stitches with small blade. Blade lifts the tread away from the fabric before cutting.
+ Fabric Marking Pen Purpose: Marks Notches Darts Circles Squares Disappears with water or evaporates after 48 hours.
+ Tracing Wheel Marks pattern symbols onto fabric. Use a smooth edged wheel for delicate fabrics. Use a saw-toothed wheel for most other fabrics. Special waxed carbon paper for tracing is available in many colors.
+ Tailor’s Chalk Purpose: Mark pattern symbols onto fabric. Small square or pencils will mark most fabrics. Markings can be brushed away or will disappear when pressed with an iron.
+ Thread Purpose: Mark pattern symbols. Make simple hand- sewn stitches to mark construction lines on fabric.
+ Hand Sewing Needles Needles vary in size from: 1- for (Course fabrics) 12- for (Fine fabrics) Purpose: Basting Hemming Applying fasteners Buttons Snaps/Hook & eyes
+ Thimble Metal or plastic tool to protect finger while hand sewing. Available in different sizes. Indentions in thimble help hold needle while pushing the needle through fabric.
+ Needle Threader Small tool with thin wire to aid in threading a needle.
+ Bodkin Resembles a large, blunt needle Purpose: Pulls cord or elastic through casings Elastic
+ Pointer Wooden tool with a pointed end for pushing out sharp corners on collars. Rounded edge is used for holding seam open while pressing.
+ Loop Turner A long metal rod with a hook. Purpose: Turns bias tubing and casings right side out.
+ Pressing Equipment Iron Ironing Board Press Cloth Tailor’s Ham Sleeve Board Seam Roll Point Presser
+ Iron & Ironing Board Iron- Metal appliance used to press & steam fabrics during and after construction. Ironing Board- Level & sturdy surface with tight fitting cover & smooth padding. Ironing Board Iron
+ Press Cloth Lightweight cloth for pressing fabrics. Prevents – iron shine or glossy marking & scorching on certain fabrics.
+ A firm round cushion used to press curved areas of a garment. Purpose: Darts Curved Seams Tailors Ham
+ Sleeve Board Small ironing board around 20 inches long. Purpose: Press narrow areas such as sleeves.
+ Seam Roll Long firm tubular cushion used for pressing long seams and small curved areas.
+ Point Presser A narrow wooden surface with a pointed end. Purpose: Pressing collar points Curved & straight edges