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12.01 Sewing Tools. Shears  Purpose : Heavy Duty Cutting of Fabric.  One handle larger than the other.

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Presentation on theme: "12.01 Sewing Tools. Shears  Purpose : Heavy Duty Cutting of Fabric.  One handle larger than the other."— Presentation transcript:

1 12.01 Sewing Tools

2 Shears  Purpose : Heavy Duty Cutting of Fabric.  One handle larger than the other.

3 Scissors  Used to Trim threads.  Two handles the same size.

4 Pinking Shears  Cuts a zig-zag edge to prevent raveling.  Makes a seam finish.

5 Thimble  Protects your finger when hand sewing.

6 Pin cushion  Stores pins.  Filled with sawdust to sharpen and clean pins.

7 Pins  Used to hold pattern to fabric or two layers of fabric.  Must lay flat on fabric.

8 Needles  Different sizes and lengths.  Used to sew by hand.

9 Marking Pencil  Chalk filled pencil.  Makes temporary marks on fabric.

10 Tracing Wheel  Handle and metal wheel with teeth.  Used when tracing.

11 Tailor’s Chalk  Waxy coated paper which transfers pattern markings.

12 Tracing/Transfer paper  Square of chalk.  Makes temporary marks on fabric.

13 Tape Measure  60” long  Takes pattern or body measurements.

14 Seam Gauge  6” long with slide.  Helps you mark a hem or smaller amounts.

15 Seam Ripper  Takes out sewing mistakes.

16 Seam Roll  Helps press seams in tubes like sleeves.  Looks like a sausage.

17 Pressing Ham  Helps press curved areas.  Looks like a ham!

18 Safety!

19 Woven Fabric  Cloth formed by weaving.  Unravels easily, very little stretch, needs a seam finish, not a good choice for athletic wear.  It only stretches in the bias directions (diagonal).

20 Knit Fabric  Stretches more in one direction than the other, no seam finish needed,  looks like a chain-link fence, good for athletic wear  Such as a sweater or hosiery.  Readily gives when under pressure.

21 NAP  NAP is the fuzzy surface on fabric.  All pattern pieces on nap fabric must be laid out in the same directions.

22 Selvage  The SELVAGE is a tightly woven edge on fabric made during processing. It does not ravel. The grainline arrow must be parallel to this edge.

23  Notch is used to match pattern pieces. Cut out and around to leave notch showing on the fabric.  Place on Fold means that you place the edge of the arrows on the fold of the fabric. Don’t cut on this edge!

24  Grainline Arrow is a symbol that must be parallel to the selvage edge of fabric. Necessary so that clothes hang and wear properly.  Dots are used to give sewing directions during construction.

25  Stitching Line is a broken dotted line on a pattern. Normal stitching line is 5/8" from edge of the fabric.  Cutting Line is the heavy outside line on a pattern. Leave the line on your pattern pieces by cutting just outside the line.

26  1. Normal seam allowance is ____. Line up the edge of the fabric with the _____ number on the throat plate of our machines.  2. The pattern symbol that when sewn adds shape to an area is a ____.  3. A row of stitching that joins two pieces of fabric is called a ______.  4. Most sewing is done with sides of fabric together ________.

27  5. Temporary machine stitching or stitching by hand is called ______.  6. How do you gather or ruffle fabric?  7. Where do you backstitch?  8. Why do you backstitch?  9. What is the importance of cutting exactly next to the cutting line when you cut out your pattern pieces?  10. How will you practice safety when sewing?

28  1. 5/8", 5  2. dart  3. seam  4. right  5. basting  6. baste, then pull threads (have  example stitched to show students)  7. beginning and end of seam  8. so seams don’t come out  9. helps sew pieces together accurately  10. list your sewing lab rules here

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