Presentation on theme: "The Jamestown Nightmare"— Presentation transcript:
1The Jamestown Nightmare US History Lesson 3, Part 2The Jamestown NightmareChapter 2, The American Pageant
2Reasons to Leave England for the New World *With the defeat of Spain, England was no longer at threat and could more easily travel.*A new policy of enclosure by the wealthy of fencing in lands to prevent hunting made it difficult for the poor to supplement their diet.*Tradition of primogeniture = 1st born son inherits all the property leaving other sons with little money or land.* The joint-stock company was perfected (investors put money into the company with hopes for a good return), so there was enough money to fund a colony.
3Jamestown*In 1606, the Virginia Company received a charter from King James I to make a settlement in the New World.*The charter of the Virginia Company guaranteed settlers the same rights as Englishmen in Britain.*On May 24, 1607, about 100 English settlers disembarked from their ship and founded Jamestown.
4Problems for Jamestown *40 people died on the voyage leaving 60*People did not want to work*Water was bad and people got sick*Sickness, starvation, and even cannibalism soon occurred*Supply ship crashed off Bahamas in 1609
5More Leaders…More Problems *Captain John Smith used the “no work, no eat” policy*Also traded with Indians for food*Assassination attempt sent Smith home to England*Lord De La Warr arrived to get the colony back on track, but he caused even more problems…
6Anglo-Powhatan War*The Powhatan wanted Jamestown residents to make their settlement at a different location*Captain John Smith though kept extending their settlement by building more forts*Eventually, starving Jamestown residents stole food from the Powhatan and the Indians raided the village
7Anglo-Powhatan War *These events eventually led to the first war *It ended with a peace sealed by the marriage of Pocahontas to John Rolfe*The Second War occurred when a raiding Indian party attacked the settlement killing 1/3 of the people.
8Anglo-Powhatan War*The English attacked nearly every day during the summer and periodically thereafter for 3 years, destroying corn fields as well as property.*The Indians continued to attack and 8 years later 347 settlers had been killed, including John Rolfe.*Eventually the English caught the chief of the Powhatan Confederacy and shot him in the back.*The Powhatan ceded much of their land in the area to the English between the Blackwater and York rivers.
9Jamestown Succeeds*John Rolfe mixed two strains of tobacco together to form a mild tobacco that people could not get enough of (I think we call that addiction).*A House of Burgesses was created to deal with local problems and to rule the people.*The first African-Americans to arrive in America also came in 1619 to farm the land.