Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3.1 Early Colonies Have Mixed Success"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 3.1 Early Colonies Have Mixed Success JamestownChapter 3.1 Early Colonies Have Mixed Success
2 Roanoke is not the only colony that didn’t survive Roanoke is not the only colony that didn’t survive. In 1607, the Sagadahoc colony was formed in Maine. Many of the colonists were convicts. Arguments, a harsh winter, fights with the Native Americans and food shortages forced most to return to England.
3 Joint-Stock CompanyA joint-stock company was backed by investors which meant people would put money into a project to earn profits. If the company failed one person didn’t lose it all, but investors divided the losses.
4 Two Companies Emerged The Virginia Company of London The Virginia Company of PlymouthTwo Companies Emerged
5 In 1607, the Virginia Company of London financed an expedition to the Chesapeake Bay They named the settlement Jamestown after King JamesJamestown 1607
6 It wasn’t easy….. Swamp land Malaria-carrying mosquitoes (made the colonists sick with fever)Ill from the drinking waterThey were also told that the area was rich in gold, so many of them searched for gold instead of building housesIt wasn’t easy…..
8 Introducing: John Smith A soldier and adventurerTook control of the colonyMade a new rule…Introducing: John Smith
9 “He that will not work shall not eat” -John Smith
10 His method worked and Jamestown began to prosper Worked with Powhatan to trade for corn.Extended an existing wall around JamestownHis method worked and Jamestown began to prosper
11 John Smith was injured and sent back to England… But not before 800 more arrived in Jamestown from England.
12 Tensions Grow… Tensions grow between the Powhatan and the colonists The Powhatan stop trading with the colonists and attack themThe colonists won’t leave the fort and “starving time” beginsThey eat rats, mice and snakesTensions Grow…
13 Introducing: Lord De La Warr In 1610, Lord De La Warr arrives with two new shipsBut only 60, of the previous colonist, have survivedHe has been appointed as the new governor of JamestownHe imposed strict discipline and “starving time” endsIntroducing: Lord De La Warr
14 Introducing: John Rolfe Introducing: John Rolfe
15 With the rise in tobacco, the Virginia Company wanted to enjoy the benefits, but the colonists felt that they deserved a shareThe company let settlers own land because they worked harder when it was their own land50-acre land grants were awarded to those who could pay their way to the coloniesIn 1619 the population was 600In 1621 the population was 2000Jamestown Grows…
16 Indentured Servants Those who could not pay their way to the New World They sold their labor to the person who paid their passage to the colonyAfter working for a number of years they were freeIndentured Servants
17 Colonists were sick of the governor, who represented the interests of the Virginia Company back in LondonCreated the House of Burgesses in 1619It became the first elected assembly in the American coloniesThe House of Burgesses
18 Conflicts with the Powhatan At first…The Powhatan and the colonists worked well togetherThe Powhatan taught them how to plant corn, catch fish, and capture wild fowlConflicts with the Powhatan
19 Introducing: Pocahontas Powhatan agreed to let John Rolfe marry his daughter Pocahontas to establish peaceShe even traveled to England with Rolfe to raise money for Jamestown, but died of smallpox before she could return homeRolfe and Pocahontas’ marriage didn’t help Jamestown like they thought it would…Introducing: Pocahontas
20 As tobacco became more popular, more land was required to plant it…land that did not belong to the settlers. In 1622, Powhatan killed hundreds of Jamestown residents.
21 Not only did colonists fight with the natives but they fought with each other too…
22 Former Indentured Servants By the 1670’s, ¼ of the free white men were indentured servantsThey resent the wealthy eastern landowners because the former indentured servants did not own landThey had to fight the Native Americans to get landThey opposed Governor William Berkeley who imposed high taxes and favored the wealthy landownersFormer Indentured Servants
23 Introducing: Nathaniel Bacon Bacon led a group of landless frontier settlers against BerkeleyBacon demanded that Berkeley approve a war against the Native Americans so that these men could get more land to plant tobaccoBerkeley refused…Introducing: Nathaniel Bacon
24 Bacon’s Rebellion In 1676, Bacon and his men marched into Jamestown Took control of the House of BurgessesBurned Jamestown to the groundBacon suddenly fell ill and the rebellion was overBacon’s Rebellion
25 Effects of Bacon’s Rebellion Berkeley hanged Bacon’s followersKing Charles II gets angry with Berkeley and his actions. He calls Berkeley back to England.House of Burgesses passes laws to prevent a royal governor, like Berkeley, from assuming such power againThis was an important step against tyrannyEffects of Bacon’s Rebellion