2 MGMThe company went through several name changes, partnerships and re-partnershipsLouis B. Mayer and Irving Thalberg were two big names involved in this company.The MGM lion roared for the first recorded and viewed in a film in 1928The Big Parade (1925)Broadway Melody (1929)Grand Hotel (1932)Mutiny on the Bounty (1935)Gone with the Wind (1939)The Wizard of Oz (1939)
3 Other MGM productions Tarzan films Tom and Jerry Cartoons Stars: Greta GarboClark GableSpencer Tracy
5 Fox Film (1912) . . . 20TH - Century Fox (1935) Originally founded by William FoxKnown for B-westernsOnce 20th – Century Fox, Became famous for Shirley Temple films in the mid-30s and Betty Grable musicals in the 40sHe worked in the garment district originally and then bought up nickelodeons
7 Little Three StudiosLacked one element of vertical integration: they did not own their own theatresUniversal PicturesW.C.Fields, Abbott and Costello, Flash Gordon and Woody WoodpeckerUnited ArtistsFormed in 1919 by Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, Charlie Chaplin and D.W. GriffithColumbia PicturesFounded in 1920 by Jack and Harry Cohn and Joseph BrandtRita Hayworth films, Batman serials
10 The Movie PalaceMajor studios built luxurious ‘picture palaces’ designed for an orchestra to play along with the projected films.First opened in New York City in 1914Roxy Theatre opened in NYC in 1927 seating 6,200.Cost about $10 million to build!Unsurpassed until Radio City Musical Hall opened five years later!The Strand opened in NYC in this marked the end of the nickelodeon days and the beginning of the age of luxury movie theatres.
14 Grauman’s theatresSid Grauman built server movie palaces in Los Angeles during this time periodMillion Dollar Theater (Feb 1918, 2,345 seats)Egyptian Theatre (1922, 1,760 seats)Chinese Theater (May 1927, 2,258 seats)Opened with Cecil B. DeMille’s King of KingsHe started the tradition of having stars leave their prints in cement in front of the theater.According to legend, silent screen actress Norma Talmadge accidentally stepped in wet cement and inspired the tradition. Starts left their hand and footprints along with a signature.
16 Pickfair - the 1st celebrity super couple: Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks Two of the biggest silent movie stars“America’s Sweetheart” divorced her husband, Douglas Fairbanks, Sr, divorced his wife and the two wed in March 1920A major cultural event AND quite the scandal!Began the tradition of movie stars moving to the Hollywood hills.Stayed married until 1935Her “bob” hair cut was the first fashion trend tocome from moviedom! (1928)The Taming of the Shrew (1929) the first(and only) film that co-starred both actors.It was a “talkie” version
17 Other BIG names:Harold Lloyd, Gloria Swanson, Rudolph Valentino, Norma Shearer, John Barrymore, Greta Garbo, Clara Bow“Sweethearts” Janet Gaynor and Charles Farrell were paired in 12 films
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