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Film History Part II 1/2 A continuation …. MGM The company went through several name changes, partnerships and re-partnerships The company went through.

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Presentation on theme: "Film History Part II 1/2 A continuation …. MGM The company went through several name changes, partnerships and re-partnerships The company went through."— Presentation transcript:

1 Film History Part II 1/2 A continuation …

2 MGM The company went through several name changes, partnerships and re-partnerships The company went through several name changes, partnerships and re-partnerships Louis B. Mayer and Irving Thalberg were two big names involved in this company. Louis B. Mayer and Irving Thalberg were two big names involved in this company. The MGM lion roared for the first recorded and viewed in a film in 1928 The MGM lion roared for the first recorded and viewed in a film in 1928 The Big Parade (1925) The Big Parade (1925) Broadway Melody (1929) Broadway Melody (1929) Grand Hotel (1932) Grand Hotel (1932) Mutiny on the Bounty (1935) Mutiny on the Bounty (1935) Gone with the Wind (1939) Gone with the Wind (1939) The Wizard of Oz (1939) The Wizard of Oz (1939)

3 Other MGM productions Tarzan films Tarzan films Tom and Jerry Cartoons Tom and Jerry Cartoons Stars: Stars: Greta Garbo Greta Garbo Clark Gable Clark Gable Spencer Tracy Spencer Tracy

4 Garbo, Gable, Tracy

5 Fox Film (1912) TH - Century Fox (1935) Originally founded by William Fox Originally founded by William Fox Known for B-westerns Known for B-westerns Once 20 th – Century Fox, Became famous for Shirley Temple films in the mid-30s and Betty Grable musicals in the 40s Once 20 th – Century Fox, Became famous for Shirley Temple films in the mid-30s and Betty Grable musicals in the 40s

6 Temple, Grable

7 Little Three Studios Lacked one element of vertical integration:they did not own their own theatres Lacked one element of vertical integration:they did not own their own theatres Universal Pictures Universal Pictures W.C.Fields, Abbott and Costello, Flash Gordon and Woody Woodpecker W.C.Fields, Abbott and Costello, Flash Gordon and Woody Woodpecker United Artists United Artists Formed in 1919 by Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, Charlie Chaplin and D.W. Griffith Formed in 1919 by Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, Charlie Chaplin and D.W. Griffith Columbia Pictures Columbia Pictures Founded in 1920 by Jack and Harry Cohn and Joseph Brandt Founded in 1920 by Jack and Harry Cohn and Joseph Brandt Rita Hayworth films, Batman serials Rita Hayworth films, Batman serials

8 View - Charlie Chaplin

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10 The Movie Palace Major studios built luxurious picture palaces designed for an orchestra to play along with the projected films. Major studios built luxurious picture palaces designed for an orchestra to play along with the projected films. First opened in New York City in 1914 First opened in New York City in 1914 Roxy Theatre opened in NYC in 1927 seating 6,200. Roxy Theatre opened in NYC in 1927 seating 6,200. Cost about $10 million to build! Cost about $10 million to build! Unsurpassed until Radio City Musical Hall opened five years later! Unsurpassed until Radio City Musical Hall opened five years later!

11 Before the movie palace...

12 The Roxy

13 Radio City Music Hall

14 Graumans theatres Sid Grauman built server movie palaces in Los Angeles during this time period Sid Grauman built server movie palaces in Los Angeles during this time period Million Dollar Theater (Feb 1918, 2,345 seats) Million Dollar Theater (Feb 1918, 2,345 seats) Egyptian Theatre (1922, 1,760 seats) Egyptian Theatre (1922, 1,760 seats) Chinese Theater (May 1927, 2,258 seats) Chinese Theater (May 1927, 2,258 seats) Opened with Cecil B. DeMilles King of Kings Opened with Cecil B. DeMilles King of Kings He started the tradition of having stars leave their prints in cement in front of the theater. He started the tradition of having stars leave their prints in cement in front of the theater.

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16 Pickfair- the 1 st celebrity super couple: Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks Two of the biggest silent movie stars Two of the biggest silent movie stars Americas Sweetheart divorced her husband, Douglas Fairbanks, Sr, divorced his wife and the two wed in March 1920 Americas Sweetheart divorced her husband, Douglas Fairbanks, Sr, divorced his wife and the two wed in March 1920 A major cultural event AND quite the scandal! A major cultural event AND quite the scandal! Began the tradition of movie stars moving to the Hollywood hills. Began the tradition of movie stars moving to the Hollywood hills. Stayed married until 1935 Stayed married until 1935 Her bob hair cut was the first fashion trend to Her bob hair cut was the first fashion trend to come from moviedom! (1928) The Taming of the Shrew (1929) the first The Taming of the Shrew (1929) the first (and only) film that co-starred both actors. It was a talkie version

17 Other BIG names: Harold Lloyd, Gloria Swanson, Rudolph Valentino, Norma Shearer, John Barrymore, Greta Garbo, Clara Bow Harold Lloyd, Gloria Swanson, Rudolph Valentino, Norma Shearer, John Barrymore, Greta Garbo, Clara Bow Sweethearts Janet Gaynor and Charles Farrell were paired in 12 films Sweethearts Janet Gaynor and Charles Farrell were paired in 12 films

18 Lloyd, Swanson, Valentino, Barrymore, Bow

19 Cecil B. DeMille Extravagance! Extravagance! Huge Budgets Huge Budgets The Ten Commandments (1923) The Ten Commandments (1923) Till I Come Back to You (1918) Till I Come Back to You (1918) Old Wives for New (1918) Old Wives for New (1918) Dont Change Your Husband (1919) Dont Change Your Husband (1919) The Affairs of Anatol (1921) The Affairs of Anatol (1921)

20 The Birth of the Talkies Late 1920s... Late 1920s...


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