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The Studio System Hollywood’s Standardized Entertainment.

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Presentation on theme: "The Studio System Hollywood’s Standardized Entertainment."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Studio System Hollywood’s Standardized Entertainment

2 The Beginning Mack Sennett Keystone (1912) Chaplin uses First National $ to pen his own studio Chaplin, Griffith, Pickford, and Fairbanks Formed United Artist (1919) Eight Studios = 95% control of theaters in US Vertical integration creates oligopolistic system


4 MGM Est. 1924 “More Stars than in Heaven” ‘Glamour’ Films Judy Garland Spencer Tracy Gone with the Wind Wizard of Oz Grand Hotel

5 Paramount Comedy Films / Biblical Epics / European look Mae West / Bing Crosby Marx Brothers Bob Hope W.C. Fields / Cecil B. DeMille Alice In Wonderland (1933)

6 20 th Century Fox Musicals Westerns John Ford Shirley Temple Marlon Brando Marilyn Monroe

7 Warner Brothers Established in 1924 First “talking Picture” Gangster films Gritty Style James Cagney

8 RKO Film Noir Fred Astaire Ginger Rogers King Kong Citizen Kane

9 The Little Three (Minors) Columbia Universal United Artists

10 Columbia History Founded in 1918 Cohn-Brandt-Cohn Film Sales 1924 “Columbia” 1926 Publicly traded 1930: Jean Arthur, Cary Grant (shared with RKO) 1940: Rita Hayworth 1950’s: On the Waterfront, The Bridge on the River Kwai, From Here to Eternity

11 Columbia Reputation established by a star director: Frank Capra (1934) Winner Academy Award for Best Picture First film to win all five top Oscars Columbia became home to the screwball comedy: see handout

12 Starring Cary Grant and Irene Dunne Nominated for five academy awards Best Director winner: Leo McCarey 1996: National Film Registry The Awful Truth (1937)

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