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Constitutional Compromises/Structure of Government.

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Presentation on theme: "Constitutional Compromises/Structure of Government."— Presentation transcript:

1 Constitutional Compromises/Structure of Government

2 Virginia Plan (large state plan)A Big State with lots of people Written By James Madison Govt. with 3 separate branches A. J=Judicial Branch - National court B. E=Executive Branch - President C. L=Legislative Branch - Congress (made up of only one House) Called on the legislative branch to have one House where each state would have a number of representatives based on its population

3 PROBLEM:Large states had more representation in Congress. James Madison believed in *proportional representation. Small states (N. J. and Delaware) protested. PROBLEM:Large states had more representation in Congress. James Madison believed in *proportional representation. Small states (N. J. and Delaware) protested. Explain in your own words what proportional representation is._________________

4 The Virginia Plan

5 New Jersey Plan (small state plan) A tiny state with a few people By James Patterson. By James Patterson. 3 branches of govt. also 3 branches of govt. also Congress would be only 1 house Congress would be only 1 house Members of house are elected by the state legislature not the people Members of house are elected by the state legislature not the people Gave central government the power to raise taxes, regulate trade, and enforce national laws Gave central government the power to raise taxes, regulate trade, and enforce national laws States would have equal voice in Congress States would have equal voice in Congress Executive branch made up of several people Executive branch made up of several people

6 Great Compromise (Connecticut Compromise) by Roger Sherman by Roger Sherman Settled the small state vs. large state debate Settled the small state vs. large state debate

7 E=Executive Branch Commander and Chief, Enforces Laws L=Legislative Branch Makes Laws J=Judicial Branch Decides whether or not laws are Constitutional Senate House of Reps Each State has 2 Senators chosen by state legislatures Awarded based on population of state. Elected by popular vote: guaranteed President & Presidents Cabinet Supreme Court & Lower Federal Courts Three Branches of Government

8 A New Constitution By Professor Pressley By Professor Pressley Album: History Rocks Album: History Rocks

9 3/5 Compromise Southern states wanted slaves to count as part population Southern states wanted slaves to count as part population Northerners believed that because slaves couldnt vote they shouldn't be counted as part of population Northerners believed that because slaves couldnt vote they shouldn't be counted as part of population three-fifths (3/5) of all slaves in any state would be counted in population figures three-fifths (3/5) of all slaves in any state would be counted in population figures Southerners could count slaves, but also had to pay for them by paying taxes Southerners could count slaves, but also had to pay for them by paying taxes Do you think this is fair from the Southerners perspective? Why or Why not? Do you think this is fair from the Southerners perspective? Why or Why not? Do you think this fair from African Americans perspective? Why or Why not?

10 The Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise Problem- South depended on the export of agricultural products for $: North wanted to abolish slavery Problem- South depended on the export of agricultural products for $: North wanted to abolish slavery Congress was not allowed to tax export goods of any state. Congress was not allowed to tax export goods of any state. The slave trade would be abolished after 20 years (abolished in 1808) The slave trade would be abolished after 20 years (abolished in 1808) most thought that the abolition of the slave trade would bring and end to slavery most thought that the abolition of the slave trade would bring and end to slavery


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