Presentation on theme: "Todays Standard Vocabulary and Concept Development 1.1 Analyze idioms, analogies, metaphors, and similes to infer the literal and figurative meanings."— Presentation transcript:
Todays Standard Vocabulary and Concept Development 1.1 Analyze idioms, analogies, metaphors, and similes to infer the literal and figurative meanings of phrases.
Idiom: Words used in a special way that is different from their literal meaning. Example: My grandpa was 102 years old when he kicked the bucket. Kicked the bucket is an idiom that means died.
Ivan the bobbing idiot could only talk in idioms! Its raining cats and dogs! Im seeing red! Dont put the cart before the horse! Curiosity killed the cat! Turn over a new leaf! Youre stuck between a rock and a hard place!
What are some other idioms that you can think of?
Analogy: A comparison based on resemblance or showing a relationship. Example: An arm on a person is like a branch on a tree because both are connected parts of the larger whole. Sometimes analogies are stated like this: Branch is to tree as arm is to person.
Examples of Analogies Black is to white as hot is to cold. Foot is to sock as hand is to glove. Bunny is to Porcupine as velvet is to cactus. Feather is to pillow as paper is to book WHAT ARE SOME ANALOGIES THAT YOU CAN THINK OF?
Simile: A figure of speech that compares two things using words of comparison such as like or as. Example: The dog danced around like loose litter in the wind. Dog is being compared to litter in the wind which helps the reader to understand its movements.
Metaphor: A figure of speech that compares two things without using a word of comparison such as like or as. Example: The cup of hot tea was the best medicine for my cold. Tea is being compared to medicine.
Examples of Similes and Metaphors : 1.Her demeanor was smooth and cool like glass. 2.She was as slow as an ant stuck in molasses. 3.The unfinished homework was an anchor around his neck. 4.The phantoms eyes glowed like fireflies in the night. 5.His mothers arms were a womb of support. CAN YOU THINK OF SOME OTHER EXAMPLES OF SIMILES AND METAPHORS?
Quiz: Is it an idiom, analogy, simile or metaphor? 1.The pimple was a rhino horn on his nose. 2.The Easter Bunny is connected to eggs in the same way the Tooth Fairy is connected to teeth. 3.Hes going to be a star! 4.A bird in the hand is worth 3 in the bush. 5.The issue was like an elephant in the room that no one was talking about.