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Learning Objective: 4L2 In the lesson you will determine the meaning of phrases used in poetry by analyzing figurative language. What are we going to do?

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Presentation on theme: "Learning Objective: 4L2 In the lesson you will determine the meaning of phrases used in poetry by analyzing figurative language. What are we going to do?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Learning Objective: 4L2 In the lesson you will determine the meaning of phrases used in poetry by analyzing figurative language. What are we going to do? What does determine mean? determine means __________. CFU 1 determine means find Figurative language is Vocabulary

2 What are we doing today? Partner share Today we will determine the meaning of _______________ in poetry by ____________figurative language.

3 APK What does the phrase, It’s raining cats and dogs, mean?

4 Figurative language is language that goes beyond the literal, dictionary meaning of the words. Some examples of figurative language are called figures of speech. Writers use figures of speech to help create pictures in their readers’ minds. In this lesson, you will learn about two figures of speech: simile and metaphor. Concept Development What a similie? What is a metaphor? _______ CFU Metaphor and simile, figurative, literal Vocabulary Simile compares two things that are not alike and uses the words “like” or “as” Example: The cat’s eyes glowed in the dark like fiery coals. Metaphor compares two things that are not alike and without using the words “like” or “as” Example: The cat’s eyes were fiery coals in the dark. Notice how Similes and Metaphors Compare two unlike things Help readers picture what is being described May relate unfamiliar things to familiar things

5 Concept Development CFU Figurative language is language that goes beyond the literal, dictionary meaning of the words Pets Absolutely not! My mother said to me, When I asked her for a dog that was big as a tree, He'll gobble all the food that we have in the house, Why don't you get a smaller pet like a hampster or a mouse. But a mouse ain't quite large enough to get the job done right, He's got to be there by my side when my brother wants to fight! Simile That means the author wants a large dog. The size of the dog is being compared to a tree

6 Skill Development/Guided Practice How did I/you determine meaning of figurative language? What clues did I use to determine the metaphor/simile? CFU 1 2 Teacher Model Theme Read the text Ask, what figurative language is being used? Determine meaning of figurative language (simile and metaphors) Steps for determining meaning of figurative language My Favorite Day My favorite day is Saturday I like to go outside and play. The day is like a burst of light The day is the moon in the dead of night. My favorite day is Friday Saturday’s only a day away. My excitement is a bottled rocket I feel like the grasshopper in my shirt pocket. The meaning of the figurative language The author feels that Saturday is a bright day because he compares it to a bright light and the moon The author also has excitement that is hard to contain because he compares it to bottled rocket and a grasshopper Figurative language is language that goes beyond the literal, dictionary meaning of the words

7 Skill Development/Guided Practice How did I/you determine meaning of figurative language? What clues did I use to determine the metaphor/simile? CFU 1 2 Teacher Model interpreting figurative language Read the text Ask, what figurative language is being used? Determine meaning of figurative language (simile and metaphors) Steps for determining meaning of figurative language My favorite day is Sunday Lazy, sleepy, do nothing fun day. I yawn like a lion before a nap My arms and legs and toes are sap. My favorite day is not Monday. “Get out of bed!” I hear my mom say. Like a tiger, I growl, “it’s not fair!” Waiting for Friday, I am a bear. Interpret Figurative language The author is very tired on Saturdays. He compares his yawns to a lion and his body parts to sap. The author is upset. He growl like a tiger and he compares him self to a bear Figurative language is language that goes beyond the literal, dictionary meaning of the words

8 Skill Development/Guided Practice How did I/you determine meaning of figurative language? What clues did I use to determine the metaphor/simile? CFU 1 2 The metaphor is ______________ my evidence is the author compares_______ to __________. Interpreting figurative language Read the text Ask, what figurative language is being used? Determine meaning of figurative language (simile and metaphors) Steps for determining meaning of figurative language The simile is ______________ my evidence is the author compares ___to _____ using “like” or “as”. Cold Winter Day The day is dark as night. The clouds are fields of grey. The sun is a block of ice. No one wants to come out and play. The swings hang like skeletons. The sandbox is a pool of rocks. All the kids are hiding, Like a Jack-in-the-box. Figurative language is language that goes beyond the literal, dictionary meaning of the words

9 ©2013 All rights reserved. CCSS 4 th Grade Reading Informational Text 5.3 Describe the cause-and-effect structure of text. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only. Interpreting figurative language in poetry will help you connect with the poem you are reading and better understand the author’s purpose 1 Does anyone else have another reason why it is relevant to interpreting figurative language? (Pair-Share) Why is it relevant to interpreting figurative language? You may give one of my reasons or one of your own. Which reason is more relevant to you? Why? CFU Relevance Figurative language is language that goes beyond the literal, dictionary meaning of the words

10 Skill Closure How did I/you determine meaning of figurative language? What clues did I use to determine the metaphor/simile? CFU 1 2 The metaphor is ______________ my evidence is the author compares_______ to __________. Read the text Ask, what figurative language is being used? Determine meaning of figurative language (simile and metaphors) Steps for determining meaning of figurative language The simile is ______________ my evidence is the author compares ___to _____ using “like” or “as”. Figurative language is language that goes beyond the literal, dictionary meaning of the words The Pilot A flying fish is an ocean pilot, A swerving, speedy, flying riot. Bigger fish are deep sea bullies, Who seek to eat the small fish fully. But the flying fish has a get-away plan To avoid the heat of a frying pan. Like a sailing boat, it catches wind. The predators remains chagrined. Above the ocean waves it soars, While bigger fish find more to lure. Word Bank Chagrined - means annoyed lure means trap Figurative literal


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