2What is Figurative Language? Figurative language or speech contains images. The writer or speaker describes something through the use of unusual comparisons, for effect, interest, and to make things clearer. The result of using this technique is the creation of interesting images.
3Uses words to paint a picture in the reader’s mind. ImageryUses words to paint a picture in the reader’s mind.
4or The clouds were hanging over the valley The clouds stretched out over the valley like a soft cotton blanket.
5AlliterationThe 'sound' of a vowel (a,e,i,o,u) or consonant (other letters of the alphabet) is repeated, for poetic effect. Sometimes called a Tongue Twister.Betty Botter bought some butter, but, she said, the butter's bitter; if I put it in my batter it will make my batter bitter, but a bit of better butter will make my batter better. So she bought a bit of butter better than her bitter butter, and she put it in her batter and the batter was not bitter. So 'twas better Betty Botter bought a bit of better butter
6Assonance The repetition of internal vowel sounds. Doesn't have to rhyme!!Fleet feet sweep by sleeping geese.The pain may drain Drake, but maybe the weight is fake.
7An overused expression ClicheAn overused expressionswim like a fish Kim can swim. Kim can swim well. Kim swims like a fish.
8HyperboleBIG exaggeration, usually with humor My dog is so ugly, he has to sneak up on his dish to eat! If I don't get these jeans, I will DIE!
9IdiomIdioms are word combinations that are idiotic! Crazy! Nuts! etc. In other words, idioms have meanings that can't be figured out by looking up the words in the dictionary. They have meanings that are understood by people who speak that language, but are very hard to understand for people who don't speak that language.
11Naming a thing or an action by imitating the sound associated with it. OnomatopoeiaNaming a thing or an action by imitating the sound associated with it.BOOM!!!!
12To give non- human things human qualities PersonificationTo give non- human things human qualitiesThe earth coughed and choked in allthe pollution.
13Compares two unlike thing using the words like or as. SimileCompares two unlike thing using the words like or as.I’m as hungry as a horse!He’s as sneaky as asnake.
14Compares two unlike things directly WITHOUT using like or as. MetaphorCompares two unlike things directly WITHOUT using like or as.He hair is silk.
15The wild & wooly walrus waits and wonders when we’ll walk by. AlliterationThe 'sound' of a vowel (a,e,i,o,u) or consonant (other letters of the alphabet) is repeated, for poetic effect. Sometimes called a Tongue TwisterThe wild & wooly walrus waits and wonders when we’ll walk by.AssonanceThe repetition of internal vowel sounds. Doesn’t have to rhyme.I made my way to the lakeClichéAn overused expression.No pain, no gainHyperboleBIG exaggeration, usually with humor.It’s so hot you could fry an egg on the sidewalk.IdiomA saying that does not make literal, logical or grammatical sense but people within the culture understand its meaning.Don’t let the car out of the bag.OnomatopoeiaNaming a thing or an action by imitating the sound associated with it.Splish, Splash!PersonificationTo give non- human things human qualities.The flowers danced in the breeze.SimileCompares two unlike thing using the words like or as.The parking lot was as slick as an ice rink.MetaphorCompares two unlike things directly WITHOUT using like or as.The parking lot was an ice rink.