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Classifiers. What is a Classifier? CL stands for a particular group or class' of nouns.CL stands for a particular group or class' of nouns. She = woman,

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Presentation on theme: "Classifiers. What is a Classifier? CL stands for a particular group or class' of nouns.CL stands for a particular group or class' of nouns. She = woman,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Classifiers

2 What is a Classifier? CL stands for a particular group or class' of nouns.CL stands for a particular group or class' of nouns. She = woman, waitress, mom, etc…(NOT man, waiter, dad)She = woman, waitress, mom, etc…(NOT man, waiter, dad) In the same way CL:3 = Vehicle (bus, car, boat, etc…In the same way CL:3 = Vehicle (bus, car, boat, etc…

3 Several Important things about CLs 1.They show how classifiers function as pronouns It = anything in English/ ASL has a specific CLIt = anything in English/ ASL has a specific CL 2.Show how classifiers can function as verbs The car hit the girlThe car hit the girl 3.Can convey information about the manner of an action The car was driving fastThe car was driving fast 4.Gives information about the location of the referents and their action. The red car hit the orange car on the passenger side.The red car hit the orange car on the passenger side.

4 How do you use a CL? CLs generally cannot be used in a sentence until the signer indicates which particular referent (e.g. a car) the classifier stands for. This is usually done by signing or fingerspelling the noun and then using the CL that can represent that noun. CLs generally cannot be used in a sentence until the signer indicates which particular referent (e.g. a car) the classifier stands for. This is usually done by signing or fingerspelling the noun and then using the CL that can represent that noun. EX: CAR# RED (CL:3)EX: CAR# RED (CL:3) Classifiers that function as pronouns are usually made with one hand, the other hand can represent another noun. (relative location/action of two referents.Classifiers that function as pronouns are usually made with one hand, the other hand can represent another noun. (relative location/action of two referents.

5 ASL has a fairly large set of signs that are called classifiers. Linguists have found that there are at least two types of classifiers: True Classifiers (CL)True Classifiers (CL) Size and Shape Specifiers (SASSes)Size and Shape Specifiers (SASSes)

6 True Classifiers (CL) are signs in which a particular hand shape, with a particular palm orientation is used to represent the location and actions of that noun. True CLs are real signs with all five parameters. Each parameter has its own meaning: Hand shape - gives information regarding size and shape. Hand shape - gives information regarding size and shape. Palm Orientation - provides information on locale and angle. Palm Orientation - provides information on locale and angle. Movement - gives the nature of the action (how fast, etc.). Movement - gives the nature of the action (how fast, etc.). Location - gives location and spatial orientation. Location - gives location and spatial orientation. NMGS - show emphasis for size, action, locale, etc. NMGS - show emphasis for size, action, locale, etc.

7 Size and Shape Specifiers A special kind of CL that illustrate certain physical features of a noun DCLsA special kind of CL that illustrate certain physical features of a noun DCLs Indicate its location in space.Indicate its location in space. Can occasionally be able to show movement (i.e. button popping off shirt') or how something is used (ICLs)Can occasionally be able to show movement (i.e. button popping off shirt') or how something is used (ICLs)

8 DCL =Descriptive Classifiers Describes size, shape, depth or texture of somethingDescribes size, shape, depth or texture of something When describing objects that are flat, use your index finger to trace the shape.When describing objects that are flat, use your index finger to trace the shape. When describing objects that have depth use the B,C,CLAW, or other hand shapes to show three- dimensionality.When describing objects that have depth use the B,C,CLAW, or other hand shapes to show three- dimensionality. Look at the shapes as you describe them.Look at the shapes as you describe them. Looking up into itLooking up into it Looking down at itLooking down at it Looking around itLooking around it Looking inside or through itLooking inside or through it

9 Instrument Classifiers – ICL Use your weak hand to hold a reference point as you show how to use the lids, pumps, handles, etc…Use your weak hand to hold a reference point as you show how to use the lids, pumps, handles, etc… Show the ICL last after you describe the object. (DCL Shape/ DCL Pattern/ ICL actionShow the ICL last after you describe the object. (DCL Shape/ DCL Pattern/ ICL action

10 DCL =Descriptive Classifiers When describing size use the appropriate non-manual markers to indicate size:When describing size use the appropriate non-manual markers to indicate size: oo for very small, thin, narrow, etc..oo for very small, thin, narrow, etc.. mm for average or medium sizemm for average or medium size cha for very large, wide, tall, etc…cha for very large, wide, tall, etc…

11 DCL =Descriptive Classifiers Show patterns or designsShow patterns or designs When describing the pattern or design on an object, your weak had should retain the DCL hand shape as a reference point. Then the design can be traced over the object with the dominate hand. It is sometimes better to use both hands when describing the pattern or design on the surface.When describing the pattern or design on an object, your weak had should retain the DCL hand shape as a reference point. Then the design can be traced over the object with the dominate hand. It is sometimes better to use both hands when describing the pattern or design on the surface.

12 DCL =Descriptive Classifiers Descriptions for textures are usually signed with both hands after the description of the objectDescriptions for textures are usually signed with both hands after the description of the object Use different textureUse different texture Bumpy – puffy checksBumpy – puffy checks Dented-thDented-th Warped-thWarped-th Very smooth-ooVery smooth-oo Shiny-ooShiny-oo ]Very solid-tight lips]Very solid-tight lips Soft –puffed cheeksSoft –puffed cheeks Fuzzy- ooFuzzy- oo

13 DCL =Descriptive Classifiers When signing Asymmetrical Combination, first sign the base shape then keep the weak hand in place for spatial reference as you describe the attachment.When signing Asymmetrical Combination, first sign the base shape then keep the weak hand in place for spatial reference as you describe the attachment. If an object has an attachment on your non- dominate side, use your dominant hand to hold a reference point while using your weak hand to describe the attachment.If an object has an attachment on your non- dominate side, use your dominant hand to hold a reference point while using your weak hand to describe the attachment.

14 DCL =Descriptive Classifiers Use the following general sequence rules for describing objects with multiple parts (use whichever one applies to the object)Use the following general sequence rules for describing objects with multiple parts (use whichever one applies to the object) From general to specificFrom general to specific From the biggest part to the smallest part/detailFrom the biggest part to the smallest part/detail From the ground to the topFrom the ground to the top From the least mobile to the most mobileFrom the least mobile to the most mobile Make sure you emphasize the features that distinguish your object from the others.Make sure you emphasize the features that distinguish your object from the others.

15 Example Classifiers CL: 1CL: 1 CL: 2CL: 2 CL: 3CL: 3 CL: 4CL: 4 CL: 5CL: 5 CL: ACL: A CL: BCL: B CL: BBCL: BB CL: CCL: C CL: CCCL: CC CL: FCL: F CL: GCL: G CL: LCL: L CL: LLCL: LL CL: SCL: S CL: V (Bent)CL: V (Bent) CL:XCL:X CL: YCL: Y

16 CL: 1 Represents things that are longer than wide and relatively slender Pens/ pencilsPens/ pencils StrawsStraws RodsRods needlesneedles PeoplePeople Used to outline a shape/ patternUsed to outline a shape/ pattern Table Paper LegsLegs

17 CL: 4 LiquidLiquid Represents a group of many individuals/animals/ various things lined upRepresents a group of many individuals/animals/ various things lined up Ex. Birds on a phone lineEx. Birds on a phone line Ex. People seated in a semi-circleEx. People seated in a semi-circle

18 CL: 5 Represents a huge mass of thing PeoplePeople AnimalsAnimals BirdsBirds Paper clipsPaper clips TreesTrees RocksRocks Rough or uneven textureRough or uneven texture Outline Uneven surfacesOutline Uneven surfaces Location or movement of a group of peopleLocation or movement of a group of people Rows of people who are standing/seated (both hands)Rows of people who are standing/seated (both hands) (does not represent a certain number of)

19 CL: A Represents things that are considerable in size and shape MugMug LampLamp ComputerComputer StatueStatue TrophyTrophy HouseHouse VaseVase CandleCandle

20 CL: B Flat / rectangular or square like items TableTable BedBed Counter topCounter top Smooth TextureSmooth Texture Continuous SurfaceContinuous Surface Used to outline (smooth surface)Used to outline (smooth surface)

21 CL:C CupCup BottleBottle CandleCandle Cylinder ObjectCylinder Object HoleHole PolePole Group of peopleGroup of people Can be moved to show VERB Can show how large the group is depending on how close or far apart the fingertips are.

22 CL: F Represents things that are small, roundish, and does not have much depth CoinCoin CandyCandy EyeEye Coke bottle topCoke bottle top polepole Poker chipPoker chip Small cookieSmall cookie buttonbutton holehole

23 CL: LL Hole (different in size and depth than CL:F and CL:C)Hole (different in size and depth than CL:F and CL:C) Pole (different in size and depth than CL:F and CL:C)Pole (different in size and depth than CL:F and CL:C) Flat round objectsFlat round objects Tortilla Credit CardTortilla Credit Card Frisbee CheckFrisbee Check Plate Index CardPlate Index Card

24 CL: Bent V ChairChair CouchCouch Person SeatedPerson Seated Movements of Various movementsMovements of Various movements Cat, dog, mouse, horse, cow, snake

25 Cl:X Often represent things like a hook or hangerOften represent things like a hook or hanger

26 Plural Classifiers Orderly configuration, for example in a row repeat the classifier in a straight line with dominant handOrderly configuration, for example in a row repeat the classifier in a straight line with dominant hand Non-dominate hand is a starting pointNon-dominate hand is a starting point ND (non- dom) D (Dom hand) >>>

27 Plural Classifiers If the signer wants to indicate that there are many things in a row, he/she would sweep the signIf the signer wants to indicate that there are many things in a row, he/she would sweep the sign NDD________________________>

28 Signers Perspective of CL Various classifiers are used to describe and represent the same object depending on the referents perspectiveVarious classifiers are used to describe and represent the same object depending on the referents perspective For Example : Corn from far away CL:1 / Corn close up CL:CCFor Example : Corn from far away CL:1 / Corn close up CL:CC Pole far away vs. Close CL:1>G>F>CCPole far away vs. Close CL:1>G>F>CC

29 Other Perspective Considerations Describe from the frontDescribe from the front Describe in neutral spaceDescribe in neutral space Describe from rearDescribe from rear Describe from sitting positionDescribe from sitting position Describe as if on your bodyDescribe as if on your body

30 Other Perspective Considerations Describe from the front If the object has a definite front and back, describe it as if you were standing in front of it EX: TV, computer, radio, keyboard, VCR

31 Other Perspective Considerations Describe in Neutral Space If the object has no definite front or back, describe it in neutral space EX. ball, table, pots, pans, plant

32 Other Perspective Considerations Describe from the rear If the object is usually handled from the rear, describe it as if you were using it EX: Video Camera, telescope, megaphone

33 Other Perspective Considerations Describe from a sitting position If the object is usually seen from a sitting position, describe attachments (recliner, steering wheel, turn signals) as seen if you were sitting in it. EX: Sofa, bike, car

34 Other Perspective Considerations Describe as if on your body If the object id used on the body, describe it as if you were wearing it EX: clothes, glasses, mask, gloves

35 General Sequence for Describing Objects Name the objectName the object State the material its made ofState the material its made of ColorColor Use DCL for basic shape and sizeUse DCL for basic shape and size Describe distinctive features attachments, or designsDescribe distinctive features attachments, or designs Use ICL to show how its usedUse ICL to show how its used

36 Describing Fixed Objects Describe from the bottom to topDescribe from the bottom to top Describe from the top to bottomDescribe from the top to bottom Describe from the ceiling down.Describe from the ceiling down.

37 Describing Fixed Objects Describe from the bottom to top If the object is columnar and standing upright on the floor: Describe basic shape from bottom to topDescribe basic shape from bottom to top Add detailsAdd details

38 Describing Fixed Objects Describe from the top to bottom If the object is bulky and standing on the floor or ground: Describe the basic shape starting with top then sidesDescribe the basic shape starting with top then sides Describe type of door or how it functions (ICL)Describe type of door or how it functions (ICL)

39 Describing Fixed Objects Describe from the ceiling down If the object is columnar and hanging from the ceiling: Describe from the ceiling downDescribe from the ceiling down Add detailsAdd details Show how the item is usedShow how the item is used

40 Conventional Uses of Classifiers Many Classifiers are ASL signs CL:1 MeetMeet HitHit PopularPopular GrabGrab RemindRemind CL: V DanceDance Fall-downFall-down DiveDive JumpJump Ride-inRide-in RestlessRestless KnellKnell

41 Conventional Uses of Classifiers Many Classifiers are ASL signs CL:4 FenceFence CageCage RainbowRainbow JailJail Eyelashes (flirt)Eyelashes (flirt) bloodbloodCL:5 FireFire Assemble –toAssemble –to TrafficTraffic WarWar


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