2 What is a Classifier?CL stands for a particular group or ‘class' of nouns.She = woman, waitress, mom, etc…(NOT man, waiter, dad)In the same way CL:3 = Vehicle (bus, car, boat, etc…
3 Several Important things about CLs They show how classifiers function as pronouns“It” = anything in English/ ASL has a specific CLShow how classifiers can function as verbsThe car hit the girlCan convey information about the manner of an actionThe car was driving fastGives information about the location of the referents and their action.The red car hit the orange car on the passenger side.
4 How do you use a CL? CLs generally cannot be used in a sentence until the signer indicates which particular referent (e.g. a car) the classifier stands for. This is usually done by signing or fingerspelling the noun and then using the CL that can represent that noun.EX: CAR# RED (CL:3)Classifiers that function as pronouns are usually made with one hand, the other hand can represent another noun. (relative location/action of two referents.
5 ASL has a fairly large set of signs that are called classifiers ASL has a fairly large set of signs that are called classifiers. Linguists have found that there are at least two types of classifiers:True Classifiers (CL)Size and Shape Specifiers (SASSes)
6 Hand shape - gives information regarding size and shape. True Classifiers (CL) are signs in which a particular hand shape, with a particular palm orientation is used to represent the location and actions of that noun.True CLs are real signs with all five parameters. Each parameter has its own meaning:Hand shape - gives information regarding size and shape. Palm Orientation - provides information on locale and angle. Movement - gives the nature of the action (how fast, etc.).Location - gives location and spatial orientation.NMGS - show emphasis for size, action, locale, etc.
7 Size and Shape Specifiers A special kind of CL that illustrate certain physical features of a noun DCLsIndicate its location in space.Can occasionally be able to show movement (i.e. ‘button popping off shirt') or how something is used (ICLs)
8 DCL =Descriptive Classifiers Describes size, shape, depth or texture of somethingWhen describing objects that are flat, use your index finger to trace the shape.When describing objects that have depth use the B,C,CLAW, or other hand shapes to show three-dimensionality.Look at the shapes as you describe them.Looking up into itLooking down at itLooking around itLooking inside or through it
9 Instrument Classifiers – ICL Use your weak hand to hold a reference point as you show how to use the lids, pumps, handles, etc…Show the ICL last after you describe the object. (DCL “Shape”/ DCL “Pattern”/ ICL “action”
10 DCL =Descriptive Classifiers When describing size use the appropriate non-manual markers to indicate size:“oo” for very small, thin, narrow, etc..“mm” for average or medium size“cha” for very large, wide, tall, etc…
11 DCL =Descriptive Classifiers Show patterns or designsWhen describing the pattern or design on an object, your weak had should retain the DCL hand shape as a reference point. Then the design can be traced over the object with the dominate hand. It is sometimes better to use both hands when describing the pattern or design on the surface.
12 DCL =Descriptive Classifiers Descriptions for textures are usually signed with both hands after the description of the objectUse different textureBumpy – puffy checksDented-thWarped-thVery smooth-ooShiny-oo]Very solid-tight lipsSoft –puffed cheeksFuzzy- oo
13 DCL =Descriptive Classifiers When signing Asymmetrical Combination, first sign the base shape then keep the weak hand in place for spatial reference as you describe the attachment.If an object has an attachment on your non-dominate side, use your dominant hand to hold a reference point while using your weak hand to describe the attachment.
14 DCL =Descriptive Classifiers Use the following general sequence rules for describing objects with multiple parts (use whichever one applies to the object)From general to specificFrom the biggest part to the smallest part/detailFrom the ground to the topFrom the least mobile to the most mobileMake sure you emphasize the features that distinguish your object from the others.
15 Example Classifiers CL: 1 CL: 2 CL: 3 CL: 4 CL: 5 CL: A CL: B CL: BB CL: CCCL: FCL: GCL: LCL: LLCL: SCL: V (Bent)CL:XCL: Y
16 CL: 1 Represents things that are longer than wide and relatively slender Pens/ pencilsStrawsRodsneedlesPeopleUsed to outline a shape/ patternTablePaperLegs
17 CL: 4LiquidRepresents a group of many individuals/animals/ various things lined upEx. Birds on a phone lineEx. People seated in a semi-circle
18 CL: 5 Represents a huge mass of thing Outline Uneven surfacesLocation or movement of a group of peopleRows of people who are standing/seated (both hands)(does not represent a certain number of)PeopleAnimalsBirdsPaper clipsTreesRocksRough or uneven texture
19 CL: A Represents things that are considerable in size and shape TrophyHouseVaseCandleMugLampComputerStatue
20 CL: B Flat / rectangular or square like items TableBedCounter topSmooth TextureContinuous SurfaceUsed to outline (smooth surface)
21 CL:C Cup Bottle Candle Cylinder Object Hole Pole Group of people Can be moved to show VERBCan show how large the group is depending on how close or far apart the fingertips are.
22 CL: F Represents things that are small, roundish, and does not have much depth CoinCandyEyeCoke bottle toppolePoker chipSmall cookiebuttonhole
23 CL: LL Hole (different in size and depth than CL:F and CL:C) Pole (different in size and depth than CL:F and CL:C)Flat round objectsTortilla Credit CardFrisbee CheckPlate Index Card
24 CL: Bent V Chair Couch Person Seated Movements of Various movements Cat, dog, mouse, horse, cow, snake
25 Cl:XOften represent things like a hook or hanger
26 Plural ClassifiersOrderly configuration, for example “in a row” repeat the classifier in a straight line with dominant handNon-dominate hand is a starting pointND(non-dom)D(Dom hand)>
27 Plural ClassifiersIf the signer wants to indicate that there are many things in a row, he/she would “sweep” the signNDD________________________>
28 Signers Perspective of CL Various classifiers are used to describe and represent the same object depending on the referent’s perspectiveFor Example : Corn from far away CL:1 / Corn close up CL:CCPole far away vs. Close CL:1>G>F>CC
29 Other Perspective Considerations Describe from the frontDescribe in neutral spaceDescribe from rearDescribe from sitting positionDescribe as if on your body
30 Other Perspective Considerations Describe from the front If the object has a definite front and back, describe it as if you were standing in front of itEX: TV, computer, radio, keyboard, VCR
31 Other Perspective Considerations Describe in Neutral Space If the object has no definite front or back, describe it in neutral spaceEX. ball, table, pots, pans, plant
32 Other Perspective Considerations Describe from the rear If the object is usually handled from the rear, describe it as if you were using itEX: Video Camera, telescope, megaphone
33 Other Perspective Considerations Describe from a sitting position If the object is usually seen from a sitting position, describe attachments (recliner, steering wheel, turn signals) as seen if you were sitting in it.EX: Sofa, bike, car
34 Other Perspective Considerations Describe as if on your body If the object id used on the body, describe it as if you were wearing itEX: clothes, glasses, mask, gloves
35 General Sequence for Describing Objects Name the objectState the material it’s made ofColorUse DCL for basic shape and sizeDescribe distinctive features attachments, or designsUse ICL to show how it’s used
36 Describing Fixed Objects Describe from the bottom to topDescribe from the top to bottomDescribe from the ceiling down.
37 Describing Fixed Objects Describe from the bottom to top If the object is columnar and standing upright on the floor:Describe basic shape from bottom to topAdd details
38 Describing Fixed Objects Describe from the top to bottom If the object is bulky and standing on the floor or ground:Describe the basic shape starting with top then sidesDescribe type of door or how it functions (ICL)
39 Describing Fixed Objects Describe from the ceiling down If the object is columnar and hanging from the ceiling:Describe from the ceiling downAdd detailsShow how the item is used
40 Conventional Uses of Classifiers Many Classifiers are ASL signs MeetHitPopularGrabRemindCL: VDanceFall-downDiveJumpRide-inRestlessKnell
41 Conventional Uses of Classifiers Many Classifiers are ASL signs FenceCageRainbowJailEyelashes (flirt)bloodCL:5FireAssemble –toTrafficWar