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The building blocks of American Sign Language What is a Language? A system of symbols and grammatical signals that change across time. Members of a community.

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Presentation on theme: "The building blocks of American Sign Language What is a Language? A system of symbols and grammatical signals that change across time. Members of a community."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The building blocks of American Sign Language

3 What is a Language? A system of symbols and grammatical signals that change across time. Members of a community share and use this language to interact and to transmit culture. Members of a community share and use this language to interact and to transmit culture.

4 Spoken Languages The basic building blocks of English are These sounds (vowels, consonants) are combined to Words are combined to which are combined to The basic building blocks of English are These sounds (vowels, consonants) are combined to Words are combined to which are combined to If we change one of the building blocks, the and the changes: If we change one of the building blocks, the and the changes: sounds. form stories, etc. form words. form sentences, wordmeaning ee st p st + + p st p st + + p o o

5 The Five Parameters of ASL: HANDSHAPEHANDSHAPE – There are 45 different handshapes in ASL LOCATIONLOCATION – The location (where on the body) of each sign can change, and add grammatical information. MOVEMENTMOVEMENT – The direction that the sign moves (away from the body, towards the body) carries specific information. Repetition of movement can have grammatical information. PALM ORIENTATIONPALM ORIENTATION – Each handshape can change orientation; the palm can face out, down, up, etc. FACIAL EXPRESSIONFACIAL EXPRESSION – Many signs in ASL require a non-manual signal in order to be produced correctly. Others simply require the emotive facial expression to match the meaning the signer is trying to convey.

6 Sign Parameters – Sign Parameters – The parts of a sign The parts of a sign It is important for new signers to realize that even a slight alteration of ONE of the parameters can produce an un-intended sign. It is important for new signers to realize that even a slight alteration of ONE of the parameters can produce an un-intended sign. Watch the video clip and then use the following table to practice the sets of signs demonstrated… Watch the video clip and then use the following table to practice the sets of signs demonstrated… Notice that a change in just one small parameter will often produce a new sign (but not always).

7 Link to video.

8 Your turn. Sign them with the video…

9 Once More. Try to sign them without the video this time… ASL Sign ParametersEnglish equivalent glosses HANDSHAPE (HS) RESTAURANT TWIN ARIZONA PALM ORIENTATION (PO) SCHOOL STOP PROOF MOVEMENT (MOV) STOP SOME REJECT LOCATION (LOC) SUMMER UGLY DRY FACIAL EXPRESSION (NMS) LATE NOT-YET

10 Sign: Lousy What are the Parameters for the sign: LOUSY? HS: __________________________ LOC: _________________________ MOV:_________________________ PO: _________________________ FACE EX: ______________________ (Non-Manual Signal) Emotion or Grammar? Hand in shape of a 3 At the nose Down & out Faces non-dominant side Disgust

11 Watch as the following signs are demonstrated… Watch as the following signs are demonstrated… What are the changes in Parameters? What are the changes in Parameters? Write the changes on the charts on your handout. Write the changes on the charts on your handout.

12 PAPERSCHOOL PARAMETER CHANGE: LIKEWHITE PARAMETER CHANGE: LATENOT YET PARAMETER CHANGE: FOOTBALLWRESTLING PARAMETER CHANGE: TELLANSWER PARAMETER CHANGE: HANDSHAPE, LOCATION, MOVEMENT, PALM ORIENTATION, FACIAL EXPRESSION Parameters: HANDSHAPE, LOCATION, MOVEMENT, PALM ORIENTATION, FACIAL EXPRESSION HANDSHAPE MOVEMENT FACIAL EXPRESS MOVEMENT PALM ORIENT.

13 MYYOURS PARAMETER CHANGE: CHAIRSIT PARAMETER CHANGE: SUMMERDRY PARAMETER CHANGE: TRAINSOON PARAMETER CHANGE: REDCUTE PARAMETER CHANGE: MOVEMENT LOCATION PALM ORIENT. HANDSHAPE Parameters: HANDSHAPE, LOCATION, MOVEMENT, PALM ORIENTATION, FACIAL EXPRESSION PALM ORIENT. LOCATION

14 Parameter Practice

15 You need… Number your paper 1-16.

16 You need… Write the signs and the difference on your paper.

17 5. EARLY vs EMPTY 7. LATE vs. NOT YET Watch each set of two signs. How are they different? 1. CHAIR vs SIT 2. AIRPLANE vs FLY 3. TOILET vs SEATTLE 4. WHICH vs. CAR 6. UGLY vs DRY 8. GIRL vs AUNT 9. COMB vs. COMB-HAIR 10. GLASSES vs. BIG-EYES 11. PAPER vs. CHEESE vs LIKE vs. WHITE 14. #BACK vs. #BANK 15. FOOTBALL vs WRESTLING 16. PAY-YOU vs. PAY-ME Write the signs AND parameter change on your paper. Finished? all the signs copied?

18 5. EARLY vs EMPTY 7. LATE vs. NOT YET Lets see how you did… 1. CHAIR vs SIT 2. AIRPLANE vs FLY 3. TOILET vs SEATTLE 4. WHICH vs. CAR 6. UGLY vs DRY 8. GIRL vs AUNT 9. COMB vs. COMB-HAIR 10. GLASSES vs. BIG-EYES 11. PAPER vs. CHEESE vs LIKE vs. WHITE 14. #BACK vs. #BANK 15. FOOTBALL vs WRESTLING 16. PAY-YOU vs. PAY-ME Answers 1. MOVEMENT 2. MOVEMENT 3. HANDSHAPE 4. HANDSHAPE 5. MOVEMENT 6. LOCATION 7. NMS 8. MOVEMENT 9. MOVEMENT 9. MOVEMENT 10. HANDSHAPE 11. MOVEMENT 12. HANDSHAPE 13. HANDSHAPE 14. MOVEMENT (hs) 15. MOVEMENT 16. MOVEMENT

19 Your homework … You will pick eight (8) signs from your CURRENT vocabulary list. Write them in – on your Parameter worksheet SIGN__________ HS – LOC – MOV – PO – NMGS – SIGN__________ HS – LOC – MOV – PO – NMGS – SIGN__________ HS – LOC – MOV – PO – NMGS – SIGN__________ HS – LOC – MOV – PO – NMGS –

20 SIGN __________ HS – LOC – MOV – PO – NMGS – SIGN __________ HS – LOC – MOV – PO – NMGS – SIGN __________ HS – LOC – MOV – PO – NMGS – SIGN __________ HS – LOC – MOV – PO – NMGS – Examples: NAME (2h) N neutral space dominant N hand taps top of other Face each other none DEAF index (#1) head ear to mouth in toward body none

21 OOPS! I almost forgot to tell you! TEAM This is a TEAM activity!

22 Your homework … Each team will select 8 signs. NO TEAMS MAY USE THE SAME SIGNS. The vocabulary list will be up on the doc cam… You must cross out the signs you have selected on the board. First come first pick!

23 Your homework … You may work together in your Teams. I will allow you to use voice to discuss and work together. You may ask me questions, -- but I will not be voicing yet. Sorry!


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