2 What is a Language?A system of symbols and grammatical signals that change across time.Members of a community share and use this language to interact and to transmit culture.“system” – languages have structure – syntax, grammar“change” – languages are not static…“community” – languages reflect the people who use them“culture” – each language expresses culture
3 Spoken LanguagesThe basic building blocks of English are These sounds (vowels, consonants) are combined to Words are combined to which are combined toIf we change one of the building blocks, the and the changes:sounds.form words.form sentences,form stories, etc.oo“st p” st pwordmeaningee
4 The Five Parameters of ASL: HANDSHAPE – There are 45 different handshapes in ASLLOCATION – The location (where on the body) of each sign can change, and add grammatical information.MOVEMENT – The direction that the sign moves (away from the body, towards the body) carries specific information. Repetition of movement can have grammatical information.PALM ORIENTATION – Each handshape can change orientation; the palm can face out, down, up, etc.FACIAL EXPRESSION – Many signs in ASL require a non-manual signal in order to be produced correctly. Others simply require the emotive facial expression to match the meaning the signer is trying to convey.
5 Sign Parameters – The parts of a sign It is important for new signers to realize that even a slight alteration of ONE of the parameters can produce an un-intended sign.Watch the video clip and then use the following table to practice the sets of signs demonstrated…Notice that a change in just one small parameter will often produce a new sign (but not always).
8 English equivalent glosses Once More. Try to sign them without the video this time…ASL Sign ParametersEnglish equivalent glossesHANDSHAPE (HS)RESTAURANT TWIN ARIZONAPALM ORIENTATION (PO)SCHOOL STOP PROOFMOVEMENT (MOV)STOP SOME REJECTLOCATION (LOC)SUMMER UGLY DRYFACIAL EXPRESSION (NMS)LATE NOT-YET
9 Sign: Lousy Hand in shape of a 3 At the nose Down & out What are the Parameters for the sign: LOUSY?HS: __________________________ LOC: _________________________ MOV:_________________________PO: _________________________FACE EX: ______________________ (Non-Manual Signal)Emotion or Grammar?Hand in shape of a 3At the noseDown & outFaces non-dominant sideDisgust
10 What are the changes in Parameters? Watch as the following signs are demonstrated…What are the changes in Parameters?Write the changes on the charts on your handout.
15 You need…Write the signs and the difference on your paper.
16 Watch each set of two signs. How are they different? Finished? all the signs copied?Watch each set of two signs. How are they different?1. CHAIR vs SIT9. COMB vs. COMB-HAIR2. AIRPLANE vs FLY10. GLASSES vs. BIG-EYES3. TOILET vs SEATTLE11. PAPER vs. CHEESE4. WHICH vs. CARvs. 175. EARLY vs EMPTY13. LIKE vs. WHITE6. UGLY vs DRY14. #BACK vs. #BANK7. LATE vs. NOT YET15. FOOTBALL vs WRESTLING8. GIRL vs AUNT16. PAY-YOU vs. PAY-MEWrite the signs AND parameter change on your paper.
17 Answers Let’s see how you did… 1. MOVEMENT 9. MOVEMENT 2. MOVEMENT 1. CHAIR vs SIT1. MOVEMENT9. MOVEMENT9. COMB vs. COMB-HAIR2. AIRPLANE vs FLY2. MOVEMENT10. HANDSHAPE10. GLASSES vs. BIG-EYES3. HANDSHAPE3. TOILET vs SEATTLE11. MOVEMENT11. PAPER vs. CHEESE4. HANDSHAPE4. WHICH vs. CAR12. HANDSHAPEvs. 175. MOVEMENT5. EARLY vs EMPTY13. HANDSHAPE13. LIKE vs. WHITE6. UGLY vs DRY6. LOCATION14. MOVEMENT (hs)14. #BACK vs. #BANK7. LATE vs. NOT YET7. NMS15. MOVEMENT15. FOOTBALL vs WRESTLING8. MOVEMENT8. GIRL vs AUNT16. MOVEMENT16. PAY-YOU vs. PAY-MEAnswers
18 You will pick eight (8) signs from your CURRENT vocabulary list. Your homework…You will pick eight (8) signs from your CURRENT vocabulary list.Write them in – on your “Parameter worksheet”SIGN__________HS –LOC –MOV –PO –NMGS –SIGN__________HS –LOC –MOV –PO –NMGS –SIGN__________HS –LOC –MOV –PO –NMGS –SIGN__________HS –LOC –MOV –PO –NMGS –
19 NAME Examples: DEAF SIGN__________ HS – LOC – MOV – PO – NMGS – PO – (2h) Nneutral spacedominant N hand taps top of otherFace each othernoneDEAFindex (#1)headear to mouthin toward bodynone
20 OOPS!I almost forgot to tell you!This is a TEAM activity!
21 Each team will select 8 signs. Your homework…Each team will select 8 signs.NO TEAMS MAY USE THE SAME SIGNS.The vocabulary list will be up on the doc cam… You must cross out the signs you have selected on the board.First come first pick!
22 Your homework…You may work together in your Teams. I will allow you to use voice to discuss and work together. You may ask me questions,-- but I will not be voicing yet.Sorry!