2Cultural Characteristics Cultural characteristics are parts of a groups everyday life. They are the ideas and themes which the group will teach to all members. These same characteristics can also link or divide a region.
3Examples of cultural characteristics would be language, religion, and ethnic heritage
4Examples of cultural characteristics LanguageArabic unites the Arab worldSpanish unites the Hispanic world
5Brazil is the only South American nation which does not speak Spanish Brazil is the only South American nation which does not speak Spanish. It speaks Portuguese.
6Canada is a bilingual nation Canada is a bilingual nation. French and English is its official language.
7Examples of cultural characteristics Switzerland has multiple languages but very little conflict between the groupsEnglish is now considered the world language and is used for most business transactions around the world
8Examples of cultural characteristics Ethnic HeritageIn Yugoslavia, many ethnic groups were made into one country (Serbs, Croats, Bosnians, Albanians).
9When strong leadership died out, the different groups fought a very bloody civil war and now they all have separate countries
10Examples of cultural characteristics In the countries of Rwanda and Burundi in Africa, Two ethnic groups are dominate, the Tutsis and the Hutus.
11The Hutus are dominate in one and they persecute the Tutsis, and the Tutsis are dominate in the other
12and they persecute the Hutus and they persecute the Hutus. It has led to almost constant war between the groups.
13Examples of cultural characteristics The United States and Switzerland have peacefully merged multiple ethnic groups in their countries.Korea and Japan have primarily one ethnic group
14On the island of Cyprus, the Greeks and the Turks try to gain control
15Examples of cultural characteristics Religion can be both a unifying force.There are five major religions in the world today--Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
16They have millions of followers all believing the same thing.
17Examples of cultural characteristics Religion can also be a dividing force around the world.Hindus and Muslims fight in India (Hindu) and Pakistan (Muslim)
18There are conflicts between Catholics and Protestants (two forms of Christianity) in Northern Ireland
19Jews, Christians and Muslims all claim Jerusalem as their religions holy site. They are constantly fighting over the land
20Spatial divisionsSpatial divisions are how we divide the livable space found on the earth by establishing social, economic, and political control.
21You can be a member of more than one spatial group. Spatial divisions can also cause conflicts or cooperation
22Examples of Spatial Divisions-- Countries Economic alliances European Union (EU)Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
23Examples of Spatial Divisions-Economic Alliances cont. North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)Association of Southeast Asian Nations
24Examples of Spatial Divisions Political alliancesNorth Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)Commonwealth of NationsOrganization of American States (OAS)
25Examples of Spatial Divisions Political alliances cont. League of Arab StatesAfrican Union (AU)
26differences in culture, language, or religion Spatial divisionsReasons for spatial divisionsdifferences in culture, language, or religionkeeping of historical boundariesimperial conquest and controleconomic similarities and differences
27Reasons for spatial division conflicts Boundary and territorial disputes--Syria/Israel, Western Sahara/Morocco, China/Taiwan, India/Pakistan, Iraq/Kuwait
28Reasons for spatial division conflicts Cultural differences (language and religion)--Indonesia, Canada (Quebec), Ireland, SudanNationalism--(the belief that your nation is superior to all others)
29Reasons for spatial division conflicts Economic differences--fertile land, access to fresh water, access to the coast, fishing rights, natural resources, different economic philosophies
30Reasons for spatial division conflicts Ethnic differences--Balkans (Europe), Cyprus (Europe), Rwanda and Burundi (Africa), Kashmir (India)
31Examples of Cooperation Humanitarian--Red Cross, Red CrescentEconomic Alliances--NAFTA, Law of the Sea, multinational corporations, OPEC
32Examples of Cooperation Cultural Alliances--French speaking world, Commonwealth of NationsMilitary Alliances--NATOProblem-solving Alliances--United Nations (UN), Antarctica Treaty
33Examples of Cooperation Programs to promote international understanding--Peace CorpsForeign AidAlliances for environmental preservation