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Cultural Geography WG.3c, 10b-c. Cultural Characteristics Cultural characteristics are parts of a groups everyday life. They are the ideas and themes.

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Presentation on theme: "Cultural Geography WG.3c, 10b-c. Cultural Characteristics Cultural characteristics are parts of a groups everyday life. They are the ideas and themes."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cultural Geography WG.3c, 10b-c

2 Cultural Characteristics Cultural characteristics are parts of a groups everyday life. They are the ideas and themes which the group will teach to all members. These same characteristics can also link or divide a region. Cultural characteristics are parts of a groups everyday life. They are the ideas and themes which the group will teach to all members. These same characteristics can also link or divide a region.

3 Examples of cultural characteristics would be language, religion, and ethnic heritage Examples of cultural characteristics would be language, religion, and ethnic heritage

4 Examples of cultural characteristics Language Language Arabic unites the Arab world Arabic unites the Arab world Spanish unites the Hispanic world Spanish unites the Hispanic world

5 Brazil is the only South American nation which does not speak Spanish. It speaks Portuguese. Brazil is the only South American nation which does not speak Spanish. It speaks Portuguese.

6 Canada is a bilingual nation. French and English is its official language. Canada is a bilingual nation. French and English is its official language.

7 Examples of cultural characteristics Switzerland has multiple languages but very little conflict between the groups Switzerland has multiple languages but very little conflict between the groups English is now considered the world language and is used for most business transactions around the world English is now considered the world language and is used for most business transactions around the world

8 Examples of cultural characteristics Ethnic Heritage Ethnic Heritage In Yugoslavia, many ethnic groups were made into one country (Serbs, Croats, Bosnians, Albanians). In Yugoslavia, many ethnic groups were made into one country (Serbs, Croats, Bosnians, Albanians).

9 When strong leadership died out, the different groups fought a very bloody civil war and now they all have separate countries When strong leadership died out, the different groups fought a very bloody civil war and now they all have separate countries

10 Examples of cultural characteristics In the countries of Rwanda and Burundi in Africa, Two ethnic groups are dominate, the Tutsis and the Hutus. In the countries of Rwanda and Burundi in Africa, Two ethnic groups are dominate, the Tutsis and the Hutus.

11 The Hutus are dominate in one and they persecute the Tutsis, and the Tutsis are dominate in the other The Hutus are dominate in one and they persecute the Tutsis, and the Tutsis are dominate in the other

12 and they persecute the Hutus. It has led to almost constant war between the groups. and they persecute the Hutus. It has led to almost constant war between the groups.

13 Examples of cultural characteristics The United States and Switzerland have peacefully merged multiple ethnic groups in their countries. The United States and Switzerland have peacefully merged multiple ethnic groups in their countries. Korea and Japan have primarily one ethnic group Korea and Japan have primarily one ethnic group

14 On the island of Cyprus, the Greeks and the Turks try to gain control On the island of Cyprus, the Greeks and the Turks try to gain control

15 Examples of cultural characteristics Religion can be both a unifying force. Religion can be both a unifying force. There are five major religions in the world today--Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. There are five major religions in the world today--Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

16 They have millions of followers all believing the same thing. They have millions of followers all believing the same thing.

17 Examples of cultural characteristics Religion can also be a dividing force around the world. Religion can also be a dividing force around the world. Hindus and Muslims fight in India (Hindu) and Pakistan (Muslim) Hindus and Muslims fight in India (Hindu) and Pakistan (Muslim)

18 There are conflicts between Catholics and Protestants (two forms of Christianity) in Northern Ireland There are conflicts between Catholics and Protestants (two forms of Christianity) in Northern Ireland

19 Jews, Christians and Muslims all claim Jerusalem as their religions holy site. They are constantly fighting over the land Jews, Christians and Muslims all claim Jerusalem as their religions holy site. They are constantly fighting over the land

20 Spatial divisions Spatial divisions are how we divide the livable space found on the earth by establishing social, economic, and political control. Spatial divisions are how we divide the livable space found on the earth by establishing social, economic, and political control.

21 You can be a member of more than one spatial group. You can be a member of more than one spatial group. Spatial divisions can also cause conflicts or cooperation Spatial divisions can also cause conflicts or cooperation

22 Spatial divisions Examples of Spatial Divisions-- Examples of Spatial Divisions-- Countries Countries Economic alliances Economic alliances European Union (EU) European Union (EU) Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

23 Examples of Spatial Divisions- Economic Alliances cont. North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Association of Southeast Asian Nations Association of Southeast Asian Nations

24 Spatial divisions Examples of Spatial Divisions Examples of Spatial Divisions Political alliances Political alliances North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Commonwealth of Nations Commonwealth of Nations Organization of American States (OAS) Organization of American States (OAS)

25 Examples of Spatial Divisions Political alliances cont. League of Arab States League of Arab States African Union (AU ) African Union (AU )

26 Spatial divisions Reasons for spatial divisions Reasons for spatial divisions differences in culture, language, or religion differences in culture, language, or religion keeping of historical boundaries keeping of historical boundaries imperial conquest and control imperial conquest and control economic similarities and differences economic similarities and differences

27 Reasons for spatial division conflicts Boundary and territorial disputes--Syria/Israel, Western Sahara/Morocco, China/Taiwan, India/Pakistan, Iraq/Kuwait Boundary and territorial disputes--Syria/Israel, Western Sahara/Morocco, China/Taiwan, India/Pakistan, Iraq/Kuwait

28 Reasons for spatial division conflicts Cultural differences (language and religion)-- Indonesia, Canada (Quebec), Ireland, Sudan Cultural differences (language and religion)-- Indonesia, Canada (Quebec), Ireland, Sudan Nationalism--(the belief that your nation is superior to all others) Nationalism--(the belief that your nation is superior to all others)

29 Reasons for spatial division conflicts Economic differences-- fertile land, access to fresh water, access to the coast, fishing rights, natural resources, different economic philosophies Economic differences-- fertile land, access to fresh water, access to the coast, fishing rights, natural resources, different economic philosophies

30 Reasons for spatial division conflicts Ethnic differences--Balkans (Europe), Cyprus (Europe), Rwanda and Burundi (Africa), Kashmir (India) Ethnic differences--Balkans (Europe), Cyprus (Europe), Rwanda and Burundi (Africa), Kashmir (India)

31 Examples of Cooperation Humanitarian--Red Cross, Red Crescent Humanitarian--Red Cross, Red Crescent Economic Alliances-- NAFTA, Law of the Sea, multinational corporations, OPEC Economic Alliances-- NAFTA, Law of the Sea, multinational corporations, OPEC

32 Examples of Cooperation Cultural Alliances--French speaking world, Commonwealth of Nations Cultural Alliances--French speaking world, Commonwealth of Nations Military Alliances --NATO Military Alliances --NATO Problem-solving Alliances-- United Nations (UN), Antarctica Treaty Problem-solving Alliances-- United Nations (UN), Antarctica Treaty

33 Examples of Cooperation Programs to promote international understanding -- Programs to promote international understanding -- Peace Corps Peace Corps Foreign Aid Foreign Aid Alliances for environmental preservation Alliances for environmental preservation


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