Presentation on theme: "Revolutionary Chaos In China"— Presentation transcript:
1Revolutionary Chaos In China Chapter 18 Section 3
2Nationalists and Communists By 1920, two political forces emerged to challenge the Chinese government:Sun Yat-sen’s Nationalist PartyChinese Communist Party (CCP)
3Party’s Work Together1921, a group of radicals from the CCP in Shanghai advised the party to work with the Nationalist Party.1923, the two groups formed an alliance to oppose the warlords and drive the imperialist powers out of China.
10Guerilla TacticsKai-shek turned toward Jiangxi and outnumbered Mao’s troops.Mao made effective use of guerilla tactics to fight the enemy advances.
11Mao’s four slogans for war Do Not Write When the enemy advances, we retreat!When the enemy halts and camps, we trouble them!When the enemy tries to avoid battle, we attack!When the enemy retreats, we pursue!
12The Long March 1934, Chiang surrounded Jiangxi. However, Mao’s army, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), broke through and began the famous Long March.90,000 traveled by foot for one year and over 6,000 miles. Only 9,000 made it.
14One survivor’s quote Do Not Write “As the days went by, there was less and less to eat. After our grain was finished, we ate the horses, and then we lived on wild vegetables. When even the wild vegetables were finished, we ate our leather belts. After that we had to march on empty stomachs.”
15The New China of Chiang Kai-shek Chiang publicly declared his commitment to the plans of a republican government.Two part plan:1)Period of political tutelage (training), which would lead to 2)a constitutional government.
16The New China of Chiang Kai-shek Years of neglect and civil war had severely weakened the political, economic, and social fabric of the nation.Chiang then tried to introduce foreign ideas into the population.
17“New Life Movement”The goal was to promote traditional Confucian social ethics and rejected excessive individualism and material greed.