Presentation on theme: "Chapter 28 The New Frontier and the Great Society"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 28 The New Frontier and the Great Society
2The Election of 1960 This began the era of television politics. Democratic candidate – John F. KennedyRepublican candidate – Richard M. NixonFocus was on the economy & the Cold War.Kennedy was concerned about the “missile gap”Nixon thought we were on the right track.
5The Kennedy MystiqueJFK’s youth, optimism, & charisma inspired Americans.JFK said, “ask not what your country can do for you—ask what you can do for your country.”1st Pres. To broadcast his press conferences live on t.v.
7Success & Setback on the Domestic Front Agenda known as the New Frontier.Hoped to: Increase aid to education, provide health insurance to the elderly, create a Dept. of Urban Affairs, and help migrant workers.It was too costly and mostly unsuccessful.
8Successes Advocated the New Deal strategy of deficit spending. Invested more funds for defense & space exploration.Increased business production and efficiency.
9JFK helps womenCreated the Presidential Commission on the Status of Women.Called for action against gender discrimination & equal pay.
10Warren Court Reforms Chief Justice Earl Warren took an activist tone. Took on civil rights, freedom of the press, separation of church & state, and rights of the accused.Reapportionment – “one man, one vote” – required legislatures to reapportion electoral districts so that all citizens’ votes would have equal weight.
12Major Decisions of the Warren Court ***chart on page 844 – know at least 1 from each of the following:Civil RightsDue ProcessFreedom of Religion & Freedom of Speech
13Kennedy Confronts Global Challenges Focused much time on foreign policy due to the Cold War.Supported “flexible response” – he asked for a buildup of conventional troops and weapons.Alliance for Progress – series of projects to improve Latin American relations.Peace Corps - helped less developed nations fight poverty.Space Race began as well.
14The Cuban Missile Crisis 1959 – JFK approved a secret plan for Cuban exiles, trained at La Brigada, to invade Cuba at the Bay of Pigs & revolt against the Soviet-supported Cuban dictator, Fidel Castro. It failed.1962 – Khrushchev began to place nuclear missiles in Cuba to counteract U.S. missiles in Turkey.
15Cuban Missile CrisisOct – JFK found out about Soviet ships w/ nuclear missiles going to Cuba.He ordered a blockade of Cuba.Khrushchev agreed to send the ships back & remove missiles in Cuba if JFK agreed not to invade Cuba and remove missiles in Turkey.JFK agreed.
16Death of a President Nov. 22, 1963, JFK was shot in Dallas, TX. Lee Harvey Oswald was accused and was shot 2 days later by Jack Ruby.Warren Commission concluded that Oswald was the lone gunsman.
21Johnson Takes the Reins Kennedy and Johnson made the elimination of the poor a major policy goal.Declared an unconditional war on poverty in America.1964 – Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) – focused on creating jobs & fighting poverty.
23The Great SocietyJohnson promised a Great Society, more perfect, more equitable.more than 60 programs passes, including Medicare & Medicaid.Medicare – for the elderly.Medicaid – for those below the poverty line.1965 – Head Start – for disadvantaged kids.
24Great Society ctd… 1965 – Dept of Housing & Urban Dev. Director – Robert Weaver – 1st Afr. Am. To serve in the cabinet.1965 – Immigration Reform Act – limited the # of immigrants.
25Legacy of TGS *don’t write* Some opposed the massive growth of federal funds & criticized the intrusion in their lives.Still a debate on its success
26Take out a piece of paper End of Chapter 28Take out a piece of paper
27Quiz – You have until the song ends (7 minutes) JFK was the 1st President to do this for his press conferences.What was JFK’s agenda known as?The Warren Court supported reapportionment a.k.a. “__________”.JFK wanted to invade Cuba at the _____.Johnson enacted more than __ programs as part of his Great Society.