2CharacterCharacter can be revealed through the character's actions, speech, and appearance.It also can be revealed by the comments of other characters and of the author.Certain types of characters appear in many stories.
3Protagonist & Antagonist The protagonist is the central character (person, animal, or personified object) in the plot's conflict.
4The antagonist is the force in conflict with the protagonist The antagonist is the force in conflict with the protagonist. It may be society, nature, or fate, as well as another person. It can also be the protagonist's own self, if he or she has an internal conflict.
5The foil therefore highlights the traits of the protagonist. Character FoilsA character foil is a character whose traits are in direct contrast to those of the principal character.The foil therefore highlights the traits of the protagonist.It is usually a minor character.
6StereotypesA stereotype is a character who possesses expected traits of a group rather than being an individual.
7Using stereotypes is usually considered negative Using stereotypes is usually considered negative. However, stereotypes can be useful in furthering the story quickly and can be used if they are not discriminatory.
8Flat vs. Round Characters A flat character is not fully developed; we know only one side of the character.
9A round character is fully-developed, with many traits--bad and good--shown in the story. We feel that we know the character so well that he or she has become a real person.
10Static/Dynamic Characters A static character is one who does not experience a basic character change during the course of the story.
11A dynamic character is one who experiences a basic change in character through the events of the story. This change is internal & may be sudden, but the events of the plot should make it seem inevitable.
12A character may thus be round and dynamic, round and static, or flat and static. A flat character cannot usually be dynamic, because you do not know enough about the flat character to notice a change
13Development is considered acceptable. Dynamic (changes)Static (doesn’t change)Round(well-developed)Considered the best type of character development (protagonist)Development is considered acceptable.Flat(not well-developed)Characters cannot be dynamic and flat, because we do not know enough about flat character to recognize a change.In simple books, the protagonist may be flat and static. Also appropriate for minor characters.
14As you read…Consider which characters are well-developed (round) or undeveloped (flat).Think about which characters demonstrate change (dynamic) and which characters do not demonstrate change (static).Be prepared to support your answers.
15The Outsiders Character List Ponyboy Curtis - 14, orphan, Greaser, narrator and protagonistDarrell “Darry” Curtis –oldest brother, Greaser, responsible, raising Ponyboy and SodapopSodapop Curtis – Greaser, happy-go-lucky, handsome, plans to marry Sandy