Presentation on theme: "REFORMING AMERICAN SOCIETY. Unit 8, Journal #2 How can a push towards personal responsibility lead to change? When/how has this occurred in your lifetime?"— Presentation transcript:
Unit 8, Journal #2 How can a push towards personal responsibility lead to change? When/how has this occurred in your lifetime?
Charles Finney, “Stewardship” According to Finney, how and why are we God’s stewards? As God’s stewards, what are people’s responsibilities to Him? Whose job is it to uphold the will of God? In what ways can you see these ideals upheld in society today? In what ways are they not?
Let’s Sum It Up… Based on the information from last class and your reading of the Finney text, what major changes come out of the 2 nd Great Awakening?
TRANSCENDENTALISM 1.What can we see in this picture? 2.What is transcendentalism all about?
What can we see in this picture? What is transcendentalism all about? Beauty in nature Pride Truth found in personal emotions Good found in man and nature We are small in the grand scheme of the nation Added comments….
Experiencing Transcendentalism OUTSIDE RULES: We will walk outside to an area of my choice. On the walk, you may not talk. Once we have reached our location, you will silently walk to a place within my sight and “experience nature.” CHOICES: You may lay down and watch the clouds Sit and examine the grass and nearby plants Close your eyes and let your other senses take over Twirl in a circle, letting your mind wander and looking at the world around you Then, you will record your experiences on your notesheet when you return. The questions you must answer are: 1. What was it like to clear your mind and just think about nature? How can letting go of the world around you clear your mind for clear, directed thought? 2. How did your experience (specifically) relate to one or more of the ideas of transcendentalism? i.e. beauty in nature, pride, truth found in personal emotions, good found in man and nature, we are small in the grand scheme of the nation, etc.
Transcendentalism and Emerson Many reform-minded individuals sought an alternative to religion. Ralph Waldo Emerson led a group practicing transcendentalism– a philosophical and literary movement that emphasized living a simple life and celebrated the truth found in nature and in personal emotion/imagination. Said people had to “transcend” or go beyond logical thinking and find answers to life’s mysteries by learning to trust their emotions and intuition (felt people were basically good and would do the right thing)
Transcendentalism and Thoreau Emerson spawned a literary movement which stressed American optimism, freedom and self-reliance. Henry David Thoreau wrote that because the individual conscience is so important, we must not obey the laws we consider unjust. Urges “civil disobedience” – What is it? Believed that people must be free to act by their own idea of right and wrong. His work helped shape many reform movements of his time. In Walden, published 1854, Thoreau wrote about living alone in the woods. Thoreau urged people to reject the greed and materialism that was affecting Americans in their daily lives.
If we are to take on a religious and emotional shift that focuses on personal responsibility, what is likely to follow?
Growth of Reform Second Great Awakening: Personal duty to God, to uphold His word and the morals associated with the faith. Transcendentalism: Personal motivations– must trust their emotions and intuition and rise up against evil KEEP IN MIND! Industrial Growth Increasing Migration and Immigration New Means of Communication
Reform In the early 1800s, reform occurs in many ways, but we will focus on the following: Slavery and Abolition Women’s Rights The Workplace Education/Schools These shifts towards bettering society DID NOT happen all at once, but rather were separate, fortunate events that were sparked by this rise in morality and purpose. Please read and complete the chart by following the directions located on the top.