How are electors allotted among the states? Population Representation
How Many Electors Do They Have? Ohio 18 – 2010 /20 -2000 Top 5 States California – 55 No change Texas – 38 - +4 New York – 29 - -2 Florida – 29 - +2 PA/IL – 20 - -1
States With Three Electors Alaska Delaware Montana North Dakota South Dakota Vermont Wyoming DC – Special Case
Do the Presidential Electors Vote by State? Winner Take All −48 States and DC Congressional District Divide −Maine −Nebraska Proportional
Number of Electors Needed 270 / 538 If not…goes to the House of Representatives VP goes to the Senate
Historical Examples Election of 1800 73 – Jefferson 73 – Burr Jefferson wins on 36 th ballot
Historical Examples Election of 1824 99 – Jackson (152,933) 84 – J.Q. Adams (115,696) 41 – William Crawford (46,979) 37 – Henry Clay (47,136)
Meeting Time 1 st Monday after 2 nd Wednesday in December in Home State. 1 st Vote for President 2 nd Vote for Vice President −12 th Amendment Can only vote for 1 person from their state.
Counting the Votes January 6 of the year following the election. House and Senate meet in the House. President of the Senate Presides Certify Votes and Ballots http://www.c-spanvideo.org/program/283204-2
Majority of Electoral Vote Not Received House of Representatives Top 3 vote getters in Electoral College Each state gets 1 Vote Majority wins
Nominee won Popular Votes and Loses Presidency 1876 Election 250,000 more popular votes Loses to Rutherford B Hayes by 1 electoral vote 1888 Election 90,000 votes over Benjamin Harrison 233/168 2000 Election 543,895 votes over George Bush 271/266
Flaw of the Electoral College Electors are not required to vote in accord with the popular vote
What If…… Winner of the popular election dies before the electoral college meets?
Electoral College Map Activity 1.Using one side of the map or using one color determine the fewest number of states needed to win the electoral college vote in the United States and color in these states. This means you will be using with the states with the highest population. 2.Using one side of the map or using another color determine the most states needed to win the electoral college vote in the United States and color in these states. This means you will be using with the states with the lowest population.