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Phylum Porifera. The word porifera originates from Latin and refers to the organism having a body full of _____. It literally means "pore bodied" or "pore.

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Presentation on theme: "Phylum Porifera. The word porifera originates from Latin and refers to the organism having a body full of _____. It literally means "pore bodied" or "pore."— Presentation transcript:

1 Phylum Porifera

2 The word porifera originates from Latin and refers to the organism having a body full of _____. It literally means "pore bodied" or "pore bearer."

3 Phylum Porifera Characteristics of Sponges 1. Sessile asymmetrical organisms 1. Sessile asymmetrical organisms 2. Have no tissues, organs or organ systems 2. Have no tissues, organs or organ systems 3. Composed of two cell layers 3. Composed of two cell layers 4. Have specialized support structures 4. Have specialized support structures 5. Reproduce sexually and asexually 5. Reproduce sexually and asexually 6. Feed by filter feeding 6. Feed by filter feeding

4 Phylum Porifera 1. Sessile Asymmetrical Organisms Sponges are ________ (not motile). Sponges are ________ (not motile). This means that they do not move around. Sponges live in groups called________ attached to rocks, coral, or sand, and are usually found in shallow seas. Sponges are _____________(no Sponges are _____________(no symmetry) or have ______ symmetry. They may be a wide range of colors, sizes, and shapes.

5 Phylum Porifera 2. No Tissues, Organs, or Organ Systems The body of a sponge has the _______ possible body structure. Their cells are not arranged to form tissues and organs. The body of a sponge has the _______ possible body structure. Their cells are not arranged to form tissues and organs. Sponges have a simple vase or basket- shaped body arranged around a ______ center. Sponges have a simple vase or basket- shaped body arranged around a ______ center.

6 Phylum Porifera 3. Composed of two cell layers Sponges are composed of ___ basic cell layers. They have no ______ (acoelomate). These two layers are composed of specialized cells with specific functions: Pinacocytes Pinacocytes Amoebocytes Amoebocytes Pore Cells Pore Cells Collar Cells Collar Cells

7 Phylum Porifera Pinacocytes compose the ________ of a sponge and control the surface area by contraction Pinacocytes compose the ________ of a sponge and control the surface area by contraction

8 Phylum Porifera Amoebocytes are capable of changing ______. It actually moves around the sponge through the jelly-like substance located between the _________ and the Amoebocytes are capable of changing ______. It actually moves around the sponge through the jelly-like substance located between the _________ and the_______.

9 Phylum Porifera Pore cells _______the thousands of pores that cover the body of a sponge. The pore cells _______ the flow of water and materials through the pores. Pore cells _______the thousands of pores that cover the body of a sponge. The pore cells _______ the flow of water and materials through the pores.

10 Phylum Porifera Collar cells line the ______ of the sponge and contain ________ that beat and produce water flow through the sponge. Collar cells line the ______ of the sponge and contain ________ that beat and produce water flow through the sponge.

11 Phylum Porifera 4. Have specialized support structures _______ support the sponge and keep it from collapsing. They are tough spikes which contain chemicals. Some spicules are composed of _______ support the sponge and keep it from collapsing. They are tough spikes which contain chemicals. Some spicules are composed of ______________, the same material found in the shells of mollusks. Other spicules are composed of _____________ which is the substance from which glass is formed. ______________, the same material found in the shells of mollusks. Other spicules are composed of _____________ which is the substance from which glass is formed. _______ is a flexible network for internal support. It is primarily _______ in composition and is both firm yet soft. _______ is a flexible network for internal support. It is primarily _______ in composition and is both firm yet soft.

12 Phylum Porifera 5. Reproduce Sexually and Asexually Sponges may reproduce by_______________ which is a type of asexual reproduction that allows a sponge to replace a portion of its body. Fragmentation is a type of regeneration that allows a sponge to grow an entire new body from a fragment of the original. Sponges may reproduce by_______________ which is a type of asexual reproduction that allows a sponge to replace a portion of its body. Fragmentation is a type of regeneration that allows a sponge to grow an entire new body from a fragment of the original. If we were to separate a sponge into individual cells by forcing it through a fine sieve, the cells would move around until they formed clumps and reformed into several new sponges. If we were to separate a sponge into individual cells by forcing it through a fine sieve, the cells would move around until they formed clumps and reformed into several new sponges. Most sponges are_________________ or animals that have both male and female reproductive characteristics. Most sponges are_________________ or animals that have both male and female reproductive characteristics.

13 Phylum Porifera 6. Feed By Filter Feeding Because sponges are sessile, they do not actively seek out their food. Ocean currents bring the food to the sponge. Because sponges are sessile, they do not actively seek out their food. Ocean currents bring the food to the sponge. The sponge feeds by drawing _________ water through the incurrent pores and by ______ out the nutrients. The water leaves the sponge through the _______, a large opening at the top of the sponge. The sponge feeds by drawing _________ water through the incurrent pores and by ______ out the nutrients. The water leaves the sponge through the _______, a large opening at the top of the sponge.


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