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American Government Chapter 25 Section 1 Counties, Towns, and Townships.

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Presentation on theme: "American Government Chapter 25 Section 1 Counties, Towns, and Townships."— Presentation transcript:

1 American Government Chapter 25 Section 1 Counties, Towns, and Townships

2 The Counties Stats – county size Stats – county size EXTREMES EXTREMES San Bernardino County, CA San Bernardino County, CA 20,064 square miles 20,064 square miles Kalawao County, Hawaii Kalawao County, Hawaii 13 square miles 13 square miles

3 Stats – population Stats – population Los Angeles County, CA Los Angeles County, CA 9 million people 9 million people Loving County, Texas Loving County, Texas 150 people 150 people

4 Powers of Typical County Govt. Executive Power Executive Power Levy taxes Levy taxes Appropriate funds Appropriate funds Legislative Power Legislative Power Supervising road programs Supervising road programs Managing county property Managing county property

5 Elected County Officials Titles & Job Description Sherriff Sherriff Keeps jail and furnishes police protection Keeps jail and furnishes police protection Clerk Clerk Registers and records documents, mortgages Registers and records documents, mortgages Assessor Assessor Appraises property Appraises property Treasurer Treasurer Keeps county funds Keeps county funds Auditor Auditor Keeps financial records Keeps financial records

6 Titles & Jobs Cont. District Attorney District Attorney Chief lawyer for the county Chief lawyer for the county Coroner Coroner Investigates deaths Investigates deaths About 2 million people throughout the U.S. work in county government About 2 million people throughout the U.S. work in county government

7 Functions performed by county governments 1. keep peace 1. keep peace 2. collect taxes 2. collect taxes 3. spend funds 3. spend funds 4. build/repair roads & bridges 4. build/repair roads & bridges 5. maintain schools 5. maintain schools 6. record deeds 6. record deeds 7. licenses 7. licenses 8. etc. 8. etc.

8 Towns New England towns New England towns They have been the major unit of local government for hundreds of years; its meetings are examples of direct democracy They have been the major unit of local government for hundreds of years; its meetings are examples of direct democracy

9 Townships Differences Differences In NY, NJ, PA: townships where formed where people settled, so they are not uniform in shape In NY, NJ, PA: townships where formed where people settled, so they are not uniform in shape From Ohio westward; townships are uniform in shape because they were drawn in federal public land surveys From Ohio westward; townships are uniform in shape because they were drawn in federal public land surveys

10 Townships cont. States are divided into townships States are divided into townships How big is a township? How big is a township? 36 square miles (6 miles square) 36 square miles (6 miles square) Each township is divided into sections which are each 1 mile square Each township is divided into sections which are each 1 mile square Sections can be divided into smaller lots (Half Section-320 acres, Quarter Sections- 160 acres, Half Quarters-80 acres) Sections can be divided into smaller lots (Half Section-320 acres, Quarter Sections- 160 acres, Half Quarters-80 acres)

11 Special Districts Jobs of Special Districts Jobs of Special Districts 1. provide water, sewage and electrical service 1. provide water, sewage and electrical service 2. furnish fire and police protection 2. furnish fire and police protection 3. build and maintain libraries, parks, schools etc. 3. build and maintain libraries, parks, schools etc.

12 Terms Borough Borough - the main unit of local government in Alaska - the main unit of local government in Alaska County County - the main unit of local government in most of the U.S. - the main unit of local government in most of the U.S. Special District Special District - an independent unit of local government - an independent unit of local government Parish Parish - the main unit of local government in Louisiana - the main unit of local government in Louisiana Townships Townships - Mainly in the Midwest – counties are divided into subunits that share the duties of local government - Mainly in the Midwest – counties are divided into subunits that share the duties of local government


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