Presentation on theme: "American Government Chapter 25"— Presentation transcript:
1American Government Chapter 25 Section 1Counties, Towns, and Townships
2San Bernardino County, CA The CountiesStats – county sizeEXTREMESSan Bernardino County, CA20,064 square milesKalawao County, Hawaii13 square miles
3Stats – populationLos Angeles County, CA9 million peopleLoving County, Texas150 people
4Powers of Typical County Govt. Executive PowerLevy taxesAppropriate fundsLegislative PowerSupervising road programsManaging county property
5Elected County Officials Titles & Job Description SherriffKeeps jail and furnishes police protectionClerkRegisters and records documents, mortgagesAssessorAppraises propertyTreasurerKeeps county fundsAuditorKeeps financial records
6About 2 million people throughout the U.S. work in county government Titles & Jobs Cont.District AttorneyChief lawyer for the countyCoronerInvestigates deathsAbout 2 million people throughout the U.S. work in county government
7Functions performed by county governments 1. keep peace2. collect taxes3. spend funds4. build/repair roads & bridges5. maintain schools6. record deeds7. licenses8. etc.
8Towns New England towns They have been the major unit of local government for hundreds of years; its meetings are examples of direct democracy
9Townships Differences In NY, NJ, PA: townships where formed where people settled, so they are not uniform in shapeFrom Ohio westward; townships are uniform in shape because they were drawn in federal public land surveys
10Townships cont. States are divided into townships How big is a township?36 square miles (6 miles square)Each township is divided into sections which are each 1 mile squareSections can be divided into smaller lots (Half Section-320 acres, Quarter Sections-160 acres, Half Quarters-80 acres)
11Jobs of Special Districts 1. provide water, sewage and electrical service2. furnish fire and police protection3. build and maintain libraries, parks, schools etc.
12Terms Borough - the main unit of local government in Alaska County - the main unit of local government in most of the U.S.Special District- an independent unit of local governmentParish- the main unit of local government in LouisianaTownships- Mainly in the Midwest – counties are divided into subunits that share the duties of local government