Presentation on theme: "Meet IVAN CAPP Types of Nouns Subject-Verb Agreement The Colon"— Presentation transcript:
1Meet IVAN CAPP Types of Nouns Subject-Verb Agreement The Colon Grammar ReviewMeet IVAN CAPPTypes of NounsSubject-Verb AgreementThe Colon
2Georgia Performance Standards ELA9C1 – Demonstrates understanding and control of the rules of English.Understand & use the Mnemonic device IVAN CAPPIdentify the different Kinds of NounsCorrectly control Subject-Verb AgreementCorrectly use the Colon
3Who is IVAN CAPP?IVAN CAPP is a Mnemonic Device that you will learn & use in order to remember the Eight Parts of Speech.
5Meet IVAN CAPP I Interjections V Verbs A Adjectives N Nouns C ConjunctionsAAdverbsPPronounsPrepositions
6NOUNSWhat are Nouns?A noun is a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea.
7Kinds or Types of Nouns Nouns may be classified as: Common Nouns A general name for a person, place, thing, or idea.Proper NounsThe name of a specific person, place, thing, or idea.
8Kinds & Types of Nouns Nouns may be classifies as: Concrete Nouns Names an object that can be seen, heard, smelled, touched, or tested.Abstract NounsNames something that cannot be perceived through the five senses.
9Kinds & Types of Nouns Nouns may be classified as: Collective Nouns Names a group of people or things.Compound NounsContains two or more words. It may be written as one word, as two words, or with a hyphen.
10What is Subject-Verb Agreement? A sentence has two parts:A Subject – tells whom or what the sentence is about …andA Predicate – tells what the subject is, what the subject did, or what happened to the subject.Verb is found in the Predicate and it tells what the subject did.
11Subject-Verb Agreement A verb must agree in number with its subject.The number of a word indicates if the word is singular or plural.A word is singular when it refers to ONE thing.A word is plural when it refers to MORE THAN ONE thing.
12Singular If a subject is singular, its verb must be singular A singular subject does not have an “s” at the end of it.BUT a singular verb does have an “s” at the end of it.The gymnast jumpsBoth are singularThe cat meowsThe reporter talks
13Plural If a subject is plural, then its verb must be plural. A plural subject has an “s” at the end.BUT, a plural verb does not have an “s” at the end.The gymnasts jumpBoth are pluralThe cats meowThe reporters talk
14Subject-Verb Agreement In a sentence with a verb phrase, the first helping verb must agree with the subject.ExamplesThe corn crop has withered in the blazing sun.The peaches have been ripening for a month.
15Subject-Verb Agreement The subject of the verb is never found in a prepositional phrase.When you make subjects and verbs agree, disregard any prepositional phrase that separates the subject from the verb.ExamplesThe tapes on the shelf are mine.Many constellations in the sky have names.
16Subject-Verb Agreement Phrases beginning with words such as “with”, “together with”, “including”, “as well as”, and “in addition to” are NOT part of the subject.ExamplesHonesty, as well as courage, is a virtue.Broccoli soup, in addition to veal, was prepared by the chef.
17When should the Colon be used? Use a colon to introduce a list of items.ExampleThe FBI investigates the following crimes:spying, treason, kidnapping, andcounterfeiting.
18The Colon Use a colon after the greeting of a business letter. ExamplesDear Dr. Bolden:Dear Sir or Madam:
19The ColonUse a colon between the numerals indicating hours and minutes.Examples4:30 P.M.10:45 A.M.
20The ColonUse a colon between chapter and verse in a Biblical reference.ExamplesGenesis 2: 4-7Job 3: 2-4
21The ColonUse a colon between two sentences when the second explains or summarizes the first sentence.ExampleIt is obvious why you’re tires: you’ve beenstaying up late.
22The Colon Use a colon to introduce a long or formal comment. Example George Bernard Shaw once said: Thereasonable man adapts himself to theworld. The unreasonable one persists intrying to adapt the world to himself.