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Grammar Review Meet IVAN CAPP Types of Nouns Subject-Verb Agreement The Colon.

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Presentation on theme: "Grammar Review Meet IVAN CAPP Types of Nouns Subject-Verb Agreement The Colon."— Presentation transcript:

1 Grammar Review Meet IVAN CAPP Types of Nouns Subject-Verb Agreement The Colon

2 Georgia Performance Standards ELA9C1 – Demonstrates understanding and control of the rules of English. ELA9C1 – Demonstrates understanding and control of the rules of English. Understand & use the Mnemonic device IVAN CAPP Understand & use the Mnemonic device IVAN CAPP Identify the different Kinds of Nouns Identify the different Kinds of Nouns Correctly control Subject-Verb Agreement Correctly control Subject-Verb Agreement Correctly use the Colon Correctly use the Colon

3 Who is IVAN CAPP? IVAN CAPP is a Mnemonic Device that you will learn & use in order to remember the Eight Parts of Speech. IVAN CAPP is a Mnemonic Device that you will learn & use in order to remember the Eight Parts of Speech.

4 IVAN CAPP I V A N C A P P

5 Meet IVAN CAPP IInterjections VVerbs AAdjectives NNouns CConjunctions AAdverbs PPronouns PPrepositions

6 NOUNS What are Nouns? What are Nouns? A noun is a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea. A noun is a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea.

7 Kinds or Types of Nouns Nouns may be classified as: Nouns may be classified as: Common Nouns Common Nouns A general name for a person, place, thing, or idea. Proper Nouns Proper Nouns The name of a specific person, place, thing, or idea.

8 Kinds & Types of Nouns Nouns may be classifies as: Nouns may be classifies as: Concrete Nouns Concrete Nouns Names an object that can be seen, heard, smelled, touched, or tested. Abstract Nouns Abstract Nouns Names something that cannot be perceived through the five senses.

9 Kinds & Types of Nouns Nouns may be classified as: Nouns may be classified as: Collective Nouns Collective Nouns Names a group of people or things. Compound Nouns Compound Nouns Contains two or more words. It may be written as one word, as two words, or with a hyphen.

10 What is Subject-Verb Agreement? A sentence has two parts: A sentence has two parts: A Subject – tells whom or what the sentence is about …and A Subject – tells whom or what the sentence is about …and A Predicate – tells what the subject is, what the subject did, or what happened to the subject. A Predicate – tells what the subject is, what the subject did, or what happened to the subject. Verb is found in the Predicate and it tells what the subject did. Verb is found in the Predicate and it tells what the subject did.

11 Subject-Verb Agreement A verb must agree in number with its subject. A verb must agree in number with its subject. The number of a word indicates if the word is singular or plural. The number of a word indicates if the word is singular or plural. A word is singular when it refers to ONE thing. A word is singular when it refers to ONE thing. A word is plural when it refers to MORE THAN ONE thing. A word is plural when it refers to MORE THAN ONE thing.

12 Singular If a subject is singular, its verb must be singular If a subject is singular, its verb must be singular A singular subject does not have an s at the end of it. A singular subject does not have an s at the end of it. BUT a singular verb does have an s at the end of it. BUT a singular verb does have an s at the end of it. The gymnast jumps The gymnast jumps Both are singular The cat meows The cat meows Both are singular The reporter talks The reporter talks Both are singular

13 Plural If a subject is plural, then its verb must be plural. If a subject is plural, then its verb must be plural. A plural subject has an s at the end. A plural subject has an s at the end. BUT, a plural verb does not have an s at the end. BUT, a plural verb does not have an s at the end. The gymnasts jump The gymnasts jump Both are plural The cats meow The cats meow Both are plural The reporters talk The reporters talk Both are plural

14 Subject-Verb Agreement In a sentence with a verb phrase, the first helping verb must agree with the subject. In a sentence with a verb phrase, the first helping verb must agree with the subject.Examples The corn crop has withered in the blazing sun. The corn crop has withered in the blazing sun. The peaches have been ripening for a month. The peaches have been ripening for a month.

15 Subject-Verb Agreement The subject of the verb is never found in a prepositional phrase. The subject of the verb is never found in a prepositional phrase. When you make subjects and verbs agree, disregard any prepositional phrase that separates the subject from the verb. When you make subjects and verbs agree, disregard any prepositional phrase that separates the subject from the verb.Examples The tapes on the shelf are mine. The tapes on the shelf are mine. Many constellations in the sky have names. Many constellations in the sky have names.

16 Subject-Verb Agreement Phrases beginning with words such as with, together with, including, as well as, and in addition to are NOT part of the subject. Phrases beginning with words such as with, together with, including, as well as, and in addition to are NOT part of the subject.Examples Honesty, as well as courage, is a virtue. Honesty, as well as courage, is a virtue. Broccoli soup, in addition to veal, was prepared by the chef. Broccoli soup, in addition to veal, was prepared by the chef.

17 When should the Colon be used? Use a colon to introduce a list of items. Use a colon to introduce a list of items.Example The FBI investigates the following crimes: spying, treason, kidnapping, and counterfeiting.

18 The Colon Use a colon after the greeting of a business letter. Use a colon after the greeting of a business letter.Examples Dear Dr. Bolden: Dear Sir or Madam:

19 The Colon Use a colon between the numerals indicating hours and minutes. Use a colon between the numerals indicating hours and minutes.Examples 4:30 P.M. 10:45 A.M.

20 The Colon Use a colon between chapter and verse in a Biblical reference. Use a colon between chapter and verse in a Biblical reference.Examples Genesis 2: 4-7 Job 3: 2-4

21 The Colon Use a colon between two sentences when the second explains or summarizes the first sentence. Use a colon between two sentences when the second explains or summarizes the first sentence.Example It is obvious why youre tires: youve been staying up late.

22 The Colon Use a colon to introduce a long or formal comment. Use a colon to introduce a long or formal comment.Example George Bernard Shaw once said: The reasonable man adapts himself to the world. The unreasonable one persists in trying to adapt the world to himself.


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