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BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

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Presentation on theme: "BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit Two: Chapter 8 compensate moderate conceive supplement derive surpass diversity tentative inhibitverify

3 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 compensate Compensate means A. to notice. B. to pay. C. to hire. Some companies still dont compensate women for their work as much as they pay men who do similar work. When an oil rig explosion killed Sam, the company compensated his widow with $100,000. However, nothing could really repay her for his loss. – verb

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Compensate means A. to notice. B. to pay. C. to hire. In the first item, the word pay is a clue. In the second item the word repay is a clue. The company paid Sams widow $100,000. Some companies still dont compensate women for their work as much as they pay men who do similar work. When an oil rig explosion killed Sam, the company compensated his widow with $100,000. However, nothing could really repay her for his loss. 1 compensate – verb

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 conceive – verb Conceive means A. to think of. B. to expect. C. to remember. When studying Australia in school, I conceived an interesting class projecteach student could write to an Australian pen pal. Most people in the 1800s could not have imagined such things as TV and heart transplants. What will the next hundred years bring that we cannot yet conceive of?

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Conceive means A. to think of. B. to expect. C. to remember. When studying Australia, the student thought of an interesting project. Just as people in the 1800s couldnt think of such things as TV, we cannot now think of things that will exist a hundred years from now. When studying Australia in school, I conceived an interesting class projecteach student could write to an Australian pen pal. Most people in the 1800s could not have imagined such things as TV and heart transplants. What will the next hundred years bring that we cannot yet conceive of? 2 conceive – verb

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 derive – verb Derive means A. to recognize. B. to get. C. to want. We derive plastics from oil. As a result, when oil prices go up, so do the prices of plastic products. Sarah derived pleasure from visiting and reading to old people after school. She enjoyed their company and felt she was doing something worthwhile.

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Derive means A. to recognize. B. to get. C. to want. Because we get plastics from oil, the price of plastic products goes up when oil prices go up. If Sarah enjoys their company and feels she is doing something worthwhile, she must get pleasure from visiting and reading to old people. We derive plastics from oil. As a result, when oil prices go up, so do the prices of plastic products. Sarah derived pleasure from visiting and reading to old people after school. She enjoyed their company and felt she was doing something worthwhile. 3 derive – verb

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Theres a great diversity of breakfast cereals at the supermarket. There are so many different kinds that they take up half an aisle. One thing Im looking for in a college, Janelle told her counselor, is diversity. I want to meet many different kinds of people. 4 diversity Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Diversity means A. sameness. B. need. C. variety. – noun Our office has been nominated to receive an award for Diversity in the Workplace!

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Theres a great diversity of breakfast cereals at the supermarket. There are so many different kinds that they take up half an aisle. One thing Im looking for in a college, Janelle told her counselor, is diversity. I want to meet many different kinds of people. Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Diversity means A. sameness. B. need. C. variety. If there are so many different kinds of cereals, there must be a great variety of cereals. If Janelle wants to meet many different kinds of people, she wants her college to have a variety of people. 4 diversity – noun Our office has been nominated to receive an award for Diversity in the Workplace!

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Inhibit means A. to hold back. B. to get into the habit. C. to satisfy. 5 inhibit – verb Steve wanted to drive fast in his new car, but the fact that he had already gotten two speeding tickets inhibited him. Many people believe exercise makes one eat more, but I find that exercise inhibits my urge to snack.

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Inhibit means A. to hold back. B. to get into the habit. C. to satisfy. Having already gotten two speeding tickets would hold Steve back from driving fast. In contrast with people who think exercise makes one eat more, the speaker finds it holds back his or her urge to snack. Steve wanted to drive fast in his new car, but the fact that he had already gotten two speeding tickets inhibited him. Many people believe exercise makes one eat more, but I find that exercise inhibits my urge to snack. 5 inhibit – verb

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Moderate means A. modern. B. average. C. difficult. The trail was neither flat nor extremely steepit was moderate, suitable for the average hiker. The prices at this restaurant arent dirt cheap, but they are moderate. So we should be able to have a nice dinner without spending too much. 6 moderate – adjective

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Moderate means A. modern. B. average. C. difficult. The trail was neither flat nor extremely steepit was moderate, suitable for the average hiker. The prices at this restaurant arent dirt cheap, but they are moderate. So we should be able to have a nice dinner without spending too much. If the trail is not flat or extremely steep, it must be average. The word average is a clue. If the prices arent dirt cheap but one can have a nice meal without spending too much, the prices must be average. 6 moderate – adjective

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Supplement means A. to replace. B. to add to. C. to reduce. Many people supplement their diet with vitamins. At busy times of the year, the department store supplements its sales staff with temporary workers. 7 supplement – verb

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Supplement means A. to replace. B. to add to. C. to reduce. Many people supplement their diet with vitamins. At busy times of the year, the department store supplements its sales staff with temporary workers. Vitamins are something people add to their diet. The department store would add temporary workers to their sales staff to handle the extra customers. These pills add calcium to ones diet. 7 supplement – verb

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Surpass means A. to go beyond. B. to avoid. C. to equal. With hard work, you can reach and even surpass many of your highest goals. Denise was disappointed that she had only matched Rhondas record leap in the high jumpshe had hoped to surpass it. 8 surpass – verb

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Surpass means A. to go beyond. B. to avoid. C. to equal. With hard work, you can reach and even surpass many of your highest goals. Denise was disappointed that she had only matched Rhondas record leap in the high jumpshe had hoped to surpass it. Not only can you reach your highest goals; you can even go beyond them. If Denise was disappointed to have only matched Rhondas record, she must have hoped to go beyond it. 8 surpass – verb

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Tentative means A. clear. B. uncertain. C. early. My parents wedding anniversary party date is tentative. Before we finalize the date, we have to be sure that everyone can be with us that weekend. Class membership was tentative because many students were still dropping and adding courses. 9 tentative – adjective

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Tentative means A. clear. B. uncertain. C. early. My parents wedding anniversary party date is tentative. Before we finalize the date, we have to be sure that everyone can be with us that weekend. Class membership was tentative because many students were still dropping and adding courses. If they have not finalized the date yet, the date must be uncertain. If students were still dropping and adding courses, class membership would be uncertain. 9 tentative – adjective

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Verify means A. to predict. B. to deny. C. to make sure. 10 verify Race officials verified who the winner was by checking a photo of the horses at the finish line. Wed love to come to the party, but I have to check my calendar to verify that were free that evening. – verb

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Verify means A. to predict. B. to deny. C. to make sure. Race officials verified who the winner was by checking a photo of the horses at the finish line. Wed love to come to the party, but I have to check my calendar to verify that were free that evening. Race officials would want to make sure who the winner was. One would check ones calendar to make sure he or she was available on the evening of the party. 10 verify – verb

23 Matching Words with Definitions 1.Diversity6.Derive 2.Compensate7.Tentative 3.Surpass8.Moderate 4.Verify9.Conceive 5.Supplement10.Inhibit

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 1.The Mississippi River __________s its name from Native American words meaning big river. 2.To __________ that his checkbook balance was correct, Craig added the numbers again. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. compensateB. conceiveC. deriveD. diversityE. inhibit F. moderateG. supplementH. surpassI. tentativeJ. verify

25 SENTENCE CHECK 1 1.The Mississippi River ___________ its name from Native American words meaning big river. 2.To __________ that his checkbook balance was correct, Craig added the numbers again. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. compensateB. conceiveC. deriveD. diversityE. inhibit F. moderateG. supplementH. surpassI. tentativeJ. verify The Mississippi River gets its name from Native American words. Craig would add the numbers again to check the accuracy of his checkbook balance. derives verify

26 6.The Motor Vehicle Bureau now ___________ its drivers manual with an attached publication on the new driving laws. SENTENCE CHECK 1 7.Even with her relatives, shy Yoko didnt feel free to be herself. Their noisy talk _____________ her. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. compensateB. conceiveC. deriveD. diversityE. inhibit F. moderateG. supplementH. surpassI. tentativeJ. verify supplements inhibited An attached publication would add to the drivers manual. The noisy talk of others would prevent a shy person from feeling free to be herself.

27 3.If you arent very hungry, then take only a __________ helping of food. SENTENCE CHECK 1 4.The exact cast of the movie remains __________ until the director finds out if Will Smith is available. 5.Babe Ruths record number of home runs in a single baseball season was __________(e)d first by Roger Maris in 1961, then by Mark McGwire in 1998, and most recently by Barry Bonds in Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. compensateB. conceiveC. deriveD. diversityE. inhibit F. moderateG. supplementH. surpassI. tentativeJ. verify

28 5.Babe Ruths record number of home runs in a single baseball season was _____________ first by Roger Maris in 1961, then by Mark McGwire in 1998, and most recently by Barry Bonds in If you arent very hungry, then take only a __________ helping of food. SENTENCE CHECK 1 4.The exact cast of the movie remains __________ until the director finds out if Will Smith is available. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. compensateB. conceiveC. deriveD. diversityE. inhibit F. moderateG. supplementH. surpassI. tentativeJ. verify A medium helping of food would be enough if you arent very hungry. If the director does not yet know if Will Smith is available, the exact cast would not be final. In 1961, 1998, and 2001, other players went beyond Babe Ruths record number of homeruns. moderate tentative surpassed

29 6.The Motor Vehicle Bureau now __________s its drivers manual with an attached publication on the new driving laws. SENTENCE CHECK 1 7.Even with her relatives, shy Yoko didnt feel free to be herself. Their noisy talk __________(e)d her. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. compensateB. conceiveC. deriveD. diversityE. inhibit F. moderateG. supplementH. surpassI. tentativeJ. verify

30 9.Hearing a __________ of opinions is fine, said Lynn. But it would be nice if everyone in this family could agree once in a while. 10.When my uncle helped me pay for college, he said I could __________ him by helping someone else pay for college when I can afford to. 8.Artists feel frustrated when what they __________ in their minds fails to appear on the painted canvas. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. dialogB. erraticC. extensive D. forfeitE. fortify F. illuminateG. isolateH. refuge I. reminisceJ. urban Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. compensateB. conceiveC. deriveD. diversityE. inhibit F. moderateG. supplementH. surpassI. tentativeJ. verify

31 9.Hearing a __________ of opinions is fine, said Lynn. But it would be nice if everyone in this family could agree once in a while. 10.When my uncle helped me pay for college, he said I could __________ him by helping someone else pay for college when I can afford to. 8.Artists feel frustrated when what they __________ in their minds fails to appear on the painted canvas. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. dialogB. erraticC. extensive D. forfeitE. fortify F. illuminateG. isolateH. refuge I. reminisceJ. urban Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. compensateB. conceiveC. deriveD. diversityE. inhibit F. moderateG. supplementH. surpassI. tentativeJ. verify conceive diversity compensate Artists would be frustrated when they fail to create on canvas what they imagine in their minds. If the family members cant agree, they must have a variety of opinions. Helping someone else pay for college would repay the uncle.

32 Sentence Check 2 Answers 1.Conceive6. Surpass 2. Inhibit7.Derive 3.Tentative8.Supplement 4.Verify9.Diversity 5. Compensate10.Moderate

33 Final Check: Job Choices 1.Tentative6.Supplement 2.Verify7.Inhibit 3.Diversity8.Surpass 4.Compensate9.Conceive 5.Moderate10. Derive


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