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BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

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Presentation on theme: "BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit One: Chapter 2 dialog illuminate erratic isolate extensive refuge forfeit reminisce fortifyurban

3 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 dialog Dialog means A. a title. B. talk. C. an action. The movie was shown with English subtitles because all its dialog was in French. At the PTA meeting last night, a dialog between parents and the faculty helped to clear up some differences between them. – noun

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Dialog means A. a title. B. talk/conversation. C. an action. If the film had English subtitles, it must have been because all of the talking was in French. The parents and faculty could help clear up differences by talking at the PTA meeting. The movie was shown with English subtitles because all its dialog was in French. At the PTA meeting last night, a dialog between parents and the faculty helped to clear up some differences between them. 1 dialog – noun

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 erratic – adjective Erratic means A. noisy. B. healthy. C. irregular. Childrens eating habits are erratic. One day theyll barely eat, and the next day theyll eat enough for three. The driver ahead of me was erratiche kept changing his speed and his lane.

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Erratic means A. noisy. B. healthy. C. irregular. If children barely eat one day and eat enough for three the next day, their eating habits are irregular. If the driver keeps changing his speed and his lane, his driving is irregular. Childrens eating habits are erratic. One day theyll barely eat, and the next day theyll eat enough for three. The driver ahead of me was erratiche kept changing his speed and his lane. 2 erratic – adjective

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 extensive Selena did extensive research for her paperit took her several weeks. To save the wounded police officer, doctors performed extensive surgery that lasted for hours. – adjective Extensive means A. done quickly. B. risky. C. large in amount.

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Selena did extensive research for her paperit took her several weeks. To save the wounded police officer, doctors performed extensive surgery that lasted for hours. Extensive means A. done quickly. B. risky. C. large in amount. If Selena spent several weeks doing research, she must have done a large amount of research. If the surgery lasted for several hours, it must have been a large amount of surgery. 3 extensive – adjective

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT The basketball players were upset when the team bus broke down and they had to forfeit an important game. If Phil gets into one more accident, he will forfeit the right to drive his parents car. 4 forfeit Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Forfeit means A. to give up. B. to win. C. to ignore. – verb

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT The basketball players were upset when the team bus broke down and they had to forfeit an important game. If Phil gets into one more accident, he will forfeit the right to drive his parents car. Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Forfeit means A. to give up. B. to win. C. to ignore. The basketball players would be upset if they had to give up an important game. Phil will have to give up his right to drive his parents car if he smashes it up one more time. 4 forfeit – verb

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Fortify means A. to relax. B. to strengthen. C. to prove. 5 fortify – verb The night before running a marathon, Elsa fortifies herself by eating a large plate of pasta. The builders plan to fortify the old tower with steel beams.

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Fortify means A. to relax. B. to strengthen. C. to prove. Eating a large plate of pasta would strengthen Elsa for the marathon. Putting steel beams in the old tower would strengthen it. The night before running a marathon, Elsa fortifies herself by eating a large plate of pasta. The builders plan to fortify the old tower with steel beams. 5 fortify – verb

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Illuminate means A. to lose. B. to clean. C. to light. Before electricity, streets were illuminated by gaslight. On Halloween, we use a flashlight to illuminate our way when we go trick-or-treating after dinner. 6 illuminate – verb Clouds illuminated by the setting sun

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Illuminate means A. to lose. B. to clean. C. to light. Before electricity, streets were illuminated by gaslight. On Halloween, we use a flashlight to illuminate our way when we go trick-or-treating after dinner. Gaslight was used to light the streets. A flashlight would light the trick-or-treaters way. 6 illuminate – verb Clouds illuminated by the setting sun

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Isolate means A. to protect. B. to separate. C. to recognize. I thought I would enjoy isolating myself at the vacation cabin, but I soon felt lonely. Freddy was such a troublemaker that the teacher put his desk in a far corner to isolate him from the other students. 7 isolate – verb An isolated tree

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Isolate means A. to protect. B. to separate. C. to recognize. I thought I would enjoy isolating myself at the vacation cabin, but I soon felt lonely. Freddy was such a troublemaker that the teacher put his desk in a far corner to isolate him from the other students. If the person felt lonely at the vacation cabin, he or she must have been separated from others. Putting Freddys desk in a far corner would separate him from the other students. An isolated tree 7 isolate – verb

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Refuge means A. a shelter. B. transportation. C. a reason. A motorcycle offers no refuge in bad weather. If you have to ride in the rain, youll get soaked. My boyfriend and I first met when we took refuge in the same doorway during a sudden rain. 8 refuge – noun

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Refuge means A. a shelter. B. transportation. C. a reason. A motorcycle offers no refuge in bad weather. If you have to ride in the rain, youll get soaked. My boyfriend and I first met when we took refuge in the same doorway during a sudden rain. If you have no shelter from bad weather, youll get soaked when it rains. If the woman and the boyfriend were caught in the rain, they would take shelter in a doorway. 8 refuge – noun

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Reminisce means A. to remember. B. to forget. C. to ask. On their wedding anniversary, Lenny and Jean like to reminisce about their first date. My father showed me his trophy and reminisced about his years as a star basketball player. 9 reminisce – verb

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Reminisce means A. to remember. B. to forget. C. to ask. On their wedding anniversary, Lenny and Jean like to reminisce about their first date. My father showed me his trophy and reminisced about his years as a star basketball player. If it is their wedding anniversary, Lenny and Jean would be remembering their first date. The father won the trophy in the past, so he would be remembering the years when he was a star basketball player. 9 reminisce – verb

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Urban means A. country. B. city. C. national. 10 urban Skyscrapers make for tightly packed urban populations. For example, some 16,000 people work in the Sears Tower in Chicago. Gladys likes urban living because she grew up in the city, but Emilio, who grew up on a farm, prefers country life. – adjective An urban street

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Urban means A. country. B. city. C. national. Skyscrapers make for tightly packed urban populations. For example, some 16,000 people work in the Sears Tower in Chicago. Gladys likes urban living because she grew up in the city, but Emilio, who grew up on a farm, prefers country life. Skyscrapers are built in cities. In the second sentence, city living is contrasted with country life. 10 urban – adjective An urban street

23 SENTENCE CHECK 1 1.The skaters ___________ performances showed that she was too inconsistent to hire for the ice show. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. dialogB. erraticC. extensive D. forfeitE. fortify F. illuminateG. isolateH. refuge I. reminisceJ. urban 2.In London during World War II, bomb shelters provided ___________ from air attacks.

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 1.The skaters ___________ performances showed that she was too inconsistent to hire for the ice show. 2.In London during World War II, bomb shelters provided ___________ from air attacks. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. dialogB. erraticC. extensive D. forfeitE. fortify F. illuminateG. isolateH. refuge I. reminisceJ. urban The skater would not be hired if her performances were not consistent. The bomb shelters would provide protection from air attacks. erratic refuge

25 3.Vitamins and minerals __________ the body against disease. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. dialogB. erraticC. extensive D. forfeitE. fortify F. illuminateG. isolateH. refuge I. reminisceJ. urban 4.Politicians who are caught taking bribes __________ their good names. 5.Criminals are put in prison to __________ them from the rest of society.

26 4.Politicians who are caught taking bribes __________ their good names. 3.Vitamins and minerals __________ the body against disease. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.Criminals are put in prison to __________ them from the rest of society. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. dialogB. erraticC. extensive D. forfeitE. fortify F. illuminateG. isolateH. refuge I. reminisceJ. urban fortify forfeit isolate Vitamins and minerals strengthen the body against disease. A politician who is caught taking bribes gives up his or her good name. Putting someone in prison separates that person from the rest of society.

27 6.The night before graduation, my friends and I __________(e)d about our four years together. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. dialog B. erraticC. extensive D. forfeitE. fortify F. illuminateG. isolateH. refuge I. reminisceJ. urban 10.Theres a big difference between an ___________ sky and a country sky. In the country, there are no bright lights to block the starlight.

28 6.The night before graduation, my friends and I _____________ about our four years together. 10.Theres a big difference between an ___________ sky and a country sky. In the country, there are no bright lights to block the starlight. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. dialogB. erraticC. extensive D. forfeitE. fortify F. illuminateG. isolateH. refuge I. reminisceJ. urban The night before graduation, friends are likely to remember and talk about the past four years. The opposite of a country sky is a city sky. reminisced urban

29 9.Before his parents visit him, Denzel gives his apartment a(n) __________ cleaning; he dusts or scrubs every surface. 7.The pioneers used candles to __________ book pages at night. 8.The authors __________ was always sharp and bare: You love me? Uh-huh. Good. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. dialogB. erraticC. extensive D. forfeitE. fortify F. illuminateG. isolateH. refuge I. reminisceJ. urban

30 9.Before his parents visit him, Denzel gives his apartment an ___________ cleaning; he dusts or scrubs every surface. 7.The pioneers used candles to __________ book pages at night. 8.The authors __________ was always sharp and bare: You love me? Uh-huh. Good. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. dialogB. erraticC. extensive D. forfeitE. fortify F. illuminateG. isolateH. refuge I. reminisceJ. urban dialog extensive illuminate You love me?, Uh-huh, and Good is an example of the conversation the author writes. If Denzel dusts or scrubs every surface, he is giving his apartment a thorough (large in amount) cleaning. Candles would light up book pages in the dark of night.

31 Sentence Check 2 Answers 1.Extensive6.Illuminate 2. Refuge7.Isolate 3.Reminisce8.Fortify 4.Erratic9.Dialog 5. Urban10. Forfeit

32 Final Check 1.Urban6.Erratic 2.Isolate7.Reminisce 3. Refuge8.Extensive 4. Forfeit9.Dialog 5.Illuminate10. Fortify


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