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Presentation on theme: "DEMONSTRATIVE, INTERROGATIVE, RELATIVE, AND INDEFINITE PRONOUNS."— Presentation transcript:


2 Demonstrative Pronouns  A demonstrative pronoun points out a person, a place, a thing, or an idea.  NOTE: A demonstrative pronoun must take the place of a noun or pronoun – it cannot appear right in front of a noun or pronoun.  So, if you replaced a demonstrative pronoun with a noun, the sentence should still make sense.

3 Demonstrative Pronouns  There are only four words in the English language that are used as demonstrative pronouns.  They are: ThisThatTheseThose

4 How they’re used  Examples of demonstrative pronouns:  This is the best meal I have ever had.  Please put the books on top of that.  After dinner, can you wash these?  Can you give me the names of those who were absent?

5 Demonstrative pronoun or not?  Determine if there are demonstrative pronouns in the following sentences.  That was a great volleyball game.  This table is wobbly and needs to be balanced.  Please put the fork on the left of that plate.  I hope they remember to bring that.

6 Interrogative Pronouns  An interrogative pronoun introduces a question.  NOTE: An interrogative pronoun must take the place of a noun or pronoun – it cannot appear right in front of a noun or pronoun.

7 Interrogative Pronouns  There are only five words in the English language that are used as interrogative pronouns.  They are: WhatWhichWho Whom Whose  Note: Technically, you can add “-ever” to the end of each of these five and then we have ten possible interrogative pronouns, not five.

8 Note  Interrogative pronoun, like all pronouns, must take the place of a noun or pronoun.  Therefore, if we turn a question into a statement, we should be able to replace an interrogative pronoun what a noun or pronoun.  Therefore, a word like why can’t be interrogative, because we could never answer a why? question with just a noun or pronoun.

9 How they’re used  Examples of interrogative pronouns:  What is the capital of Missouri?  Which of these is your favorite?  Who played quarterback in the game last night?  Whom did she give the note to?  Whose is this?

10 Interrogative pronoun or not?  Which magazine would you rather read?  Who went to the meeting last night?  Why is there mud all over the room?  When do you want to work on the project?  Whom are you going to the dance with?  What is your sister’s name?  Which of these shirts do you like best?  Which shirt do you like the best?

11 Relative Pronouns  A relative pronoun introduces a subordinate clause.  A subordinate clause must contain a subject and a verb (just like a sentence), but cannot stand on its own as a sentence.  A subordinate clause needs the other words around it to make a complete sentence.

12 Relative Pronouns  There are five words that commonly serve as relative pronouns. They are: ThatWhichWho Whom Whose  BE CAREFUL! Four of these same words can also be interrogative pronouns.

13 What this looks like in a sentence  In the following sentences, the relative pronoun is in bold, and the entire subordinate clause is underlined.  The one over there is the cake that Ashley baked.  The new building, which was just built five years ago, already looks old.  Collin is the player who scored the winning touchdown.  The man whom you are looking for is over there.  The person whose car this is will be angry when he sees what happened.

14 Relative pronoun or not?  The planets which make up our solar system all revolve around the sun.  Which of these movies do you like the best?  The man whom I talked to said that our team won.  That is the first house I ever lived in.  That is the woman who helped my sister fix a flat tire.

15 Relative pronoun or not?  The Statue of Liberty, which is in New York, was given as a gift from France.  Whom were you talking to on the phone?  Whose house were you at last night?  I hope that I win the race tomorrow.  Our neighbor’s dog, whose bowl is always empty, is really overweight.

16 Indefinite Pronouns  An indefinite pronoun refers to a person, a place, a thing, or an idea that may or may not be specifically named.  As with other pronouns, be very careful: indefinite pronouns will never appear directly before a noun or pronoun.

17 Our indefinite pronouns  There are many indefinite pronouns in English. Some of the most common are: AllBothEverythingNeitherOther AnotherEachFewNobodySeveral AnyEach otherManyNoneSome AnybodyEitherMoreNo one Somebody AnyoneEverybodyMostNothingSomeone AnythingEveryoneMuchOne Something

18 What this looks like  Nobody at the movie had a good time.  Both of the students were sent to the office.  We don’t have anything to eat for dinner.  Much of our time was wasted in the meeting.  I gave a gift to everyone there.

19 What this looks like  They have taken all of the paintings to the art room.  I only had a chance to look at some of the stories.  Many of my family members will be at the dinner.  We hope that everyone will be there.  The umpires talked to each other to figure out the correct call.

20 Indefinite pronoun or not?  Anybody can come to tutoring for extra help.  I need you to take everything and put it in the closet.  Nothing is going right for me today.  Many bands will be at the music festival.  More money is needed before we can afford the new uniforms.

21 Indefinite pronoun or not?  Someone in my class left their notebook.  Neither of those is the correct answer.  Few of the sandwiches look fresh.  Several students did well on the quiz yesterday.  Nobody in my class could help answer the question.


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