Presentation on theme: "Grammar : Types of Nouns Manning – Language Arts."— Presentation transcript:
Grammar : Types of Nouns Manning – Language Arts
Definition A NOUN is a word that names a person, a place, a thing, or an idea. person place thing idea ?
Kinds of Nouns There are two basic kinds of nouns: 1.Common 2.Proper
Common Nouns A COMMON NOUN names a general person, place, thing, or idea. It does not refer to something specific. cat house shoe
Proper Nouns A PROPER NOUN names a specific person, place, thing, or idea. It refers to a NAME of a noun. Felix White House Nike
Concrete & Abstract Nouns In addition to common and proper nouns, there are also CONCRETE and ABSTRACT nouns. Hatsconcrete nounLoveabstract noun
CONCRETE NOUNS CONCRETE NOUNS are nouns that you can see, hear, touch, smell, or taste.
Abstract NOUNS ABSTRACT NOUNS are nouns that you cannot see, hear, touch, smell, or taste. They are ideas, qualities, and feelings that cannot be seen or touched. RESPONSIBILITY FAIRNESS JUSTICE
Classify these Nouns: COMMONPROPER CONCRETE ABSTRACT bike planet desk scissors Jupiter justice judge dollar Christian snow city Islam Roaring Spring Pennsylvania friendship bike planet desk scissors Jupiter justice judge dollar Christian snow city Islam Roaring Spring Pennsylvania friendship
COMMONPROPER CONCRETE ABSTRACT bike planet desk scissors Jupiter justice judge dollar Christian snow city Islam Roaring Spring Pennsylvania friendship Check your chart:
DEFINITION A POSSESSIVE NOUN is a noun that shows ownership or possession of things or qualities. Lings birthday cake
Rule #1 sTo form the possessive of a SINGULAR NOUN, ADD s to the word. –Examples: Truck + tires = Trucks tires Man + wallet = Mans wallet sThe s is added to all singular words, no matter what letter the word ends with. –Examples: Waitress + apron = Waitresss apron Jones + house = Joness house
Rule #2 SSTo form the possessive of a PLURAL NOUN that ends in S, simply ADD after the S –Examples: Ladies + club = Ladies club Cats + dish = Cats dish Teachers + workroom = Teachers workroom
Rule #3 S sTo form the possessive of a PLURAL NOUN that does NOT end in S, add s to the word –Examples: Children + playground = Childrens playground Geese + formation = Geeses formation
How to form possessive nouns: NounsTo Form Possessive Examples All singular nouns; plural nouns not ending in S Add an apostrophe and s (s) A girla girls name The busthe buss route Childrenchildrens toys Mr. NevinsMr. Nevinss tie Plural nouns ending in S Add just an apostrophe () at the end of the plural noun. Babiesbabies bottle The Jonesesthe Joneses car
Examples Singular Noun Lyndell has a book about baseball. Singular Possessive Noun Lyndells book is about baseball. Plural Noun Several cities have baseball teams. Plural Possessive Noun Several cities teams attract fans.
Guided Practice Write the possessive form of the noun in parentheses. (bird) 1. The hawk stole the eggs from that (bird) nest. (Janel) 2. (Janel) entry in the soapbox derby won first place. (Oscar) 3. (Oscar) claws are very sharp. (students) 4. The three (students) homework was accepted one day late. (Mr. Nevins) 5. (Mr. Nevins) tie is always around his neck. (bus) 6. The (bus) wheels go round and round. birds Janels students Oscars Mr. Nevinss buss
DEFINITION A CONTRACTION is a word made by combining two words and leaving out one or more letters. An apostrophe shows where the letters have been left out.
Contractions The speaker is happy about her presentation. We can join the two words speaker and is to create a contraction. SPEAKERS The speakers happy about her presentation.
Complete the following chart Singular Noun Singular Possessive Plural NounPlural Possessive Noun Contraction woman echos countries speakers womanswomen womenswomans echo echoes echos countrycountrys speaker speakers countries
Guided Practice Identify the bolded word in each sentence by writing plural noun, singular, singular possessive noun, plural possessive noun, or contraction. 1. School hours begin at 7:40 am. 2. Elviss cage is in the 7B science room. 3. Micky Rodgerss bus arrives at 7:25 am. 4. Skylars the illustrator for that book. 5. The childrens mittens are lost. 6. My two sneakers laces are too short. Plural noun Singular Poss. contraction Singular Poss. Plural Poss. Plural poss.
Testing Your Knowledge 1. What is a possessive noun? AN: A noun that shows ownership 2. How do you form singular possessive nouns? AN: By adding an apostrophe s (s) 3. How do you form plural possessive nouns? AN: By adding an apostrophe after the s.
4. How do you form the possessive form of plural nouns that DO NOT end in s? AN: By adding an apostrophe and s (s). 5. What is a contraction? AN: a word made by combining two words and leaving out one or more letters using an apostrophe.
Collective Nouns herd fleet crew crowd team What do these words have in common? committee
They are collective nouns. A collective noun is the general name of a group of persons, animals, or things.
A collective noun can name a: Person Animal Place Thing tribe class congregation littergaggleherd United StatesRockiesBahamas batchclusterbunch
Find the collective noun in each sentence. 1.The night crew are asked to take separate breaks. 2.A flock of geese flew over the fleet of ships. 3.The fans cheered when the team won the game. 4.The entire family played the game together. 5.We spied a school of fish under the lily pads. 6.That committee is made up of a large group of people. 7. The children ran from the swarm of bees.