2? Definition A NOUN is a word that names a person, a place, a thing, or an idea.thingperson?ideaplace
3Common NounsA COMMON NOUN names a general person, place, thing, or idea. It does not refer to something specific.shoecathouse
4Proper NounsA PROPER NOUN names a specific person, place, thing, or idea. It refers to a NAME of a noun.NikeFelixWhite House
5CONCRETE NOUNS CONCRETE NOUNS are nouns that you can see, hear, touch, smell, or taste.
6Abstract NOUNSABSTRACT NOUNS are nouns that you cannot see, hear, touch, smell, or taste. They are ideas, qualities, and feelings that cannot be seen or touched.RESPONSIBILITYFAIRNESSJUSTICE
7Classify these Nouns: bike planet desk scissors Jupiter justice judge dollarChristiansnowcityIslamRoaring SpringPennsylvaniafriendshipCOMMONPROPERCONCRETEABSTRACTJupiterRoaring SpringbikescissorssnowplanetjudgecityChristianPennsylvaniadeskdollarIslamjusticefriendship
8Check your chart: Jupiter Roaring Spring bike scissors snow planet COMMONPROPERCONCRETEABSTRACTJupiterRoaring SpringbikescissorssnowplanetjudgecityChristianPennsylvaniadeskdollarIslamjusticefriendship
9Write the plural form of each noun. PracticeWrite the plural form of each noun.1. teacupA: teacups2. gooseA: geese3. IroquoisA: Iroquois4. classA: classes5. autoA: autos
10Practice 6. Department of Justice A: Departments of Justice 7. daughter-in-lawA: daughters-in-law8. leafA: leaves9. hobbyA: hobbies10. donkeyA: donkeys
12The POSSESSIVE form of a noun shows ownership or relationship. DefinitionThe POSSESSIVE form of a noun shows ownership or relationship.manlaptopman’s laptop
13Rule ONeSingular nouns always add an apostrophe s (‘s) to make them possessive.the shoe of Mary Mary’s shoethe egg of the bird bird’s egg
14Rule twoPlural nouns that end in s only add an apostrophe (‘) to make them possessive.windows of the buses buses’ windowsbranches of the trees trees’ branches
15Rule threePlural nouns that do not end in s always add an apostrophe s (‘s) to make them possessive.horns of deer deer’s hornshands of people people’s hands
16Change the following nouns into possessive form. PracticeChange the following nouns into possessive form.1. the bat of the boyA: boy’s bat2. the feathers of the geeseA: geese’s feathers3. the brooms of the witchesA: witches’ broom
17Practice Continued 4. the tail of the dog A: dog’s tail 5. the children of the parentsA: parents’ children
19DefinitionA PRONOUN is a word that is used to take the place of a noun.Pronouns keep us from having to repeat the same noun.Charlie has a pencil, but Charlie needs a piece of paper.Charlie has a pencil, but he needs a piece of paper.
20PracticeWhat pronoun would you use to replace the underlined part of each sentence?1. Tom and Wendy walked quickly. Tom and Wendy were eager to get home.A: They2. Nancy wanted a piece of cake, but Nancy was full after dinner.A: she3. The class enjoyed recess. The class played dodgeball.A: They
21DefinitionA pronoun takes its meaning from the noun it replaces. The noun that the pronoun refers to is called the ANTECEDENT.A pronoun must agree with its antecedent. That is, it must be the same in number (singular or plural) and gender as the noun it replaces.
22antecedent When Daniel had enough money, he bought a bike. Daniel left the bike out in the rain, and it rusted.
23Identify the pronoun and its antecedent. PracticeIdentify the pronoun and its antecedent.1. Deborah is reading about Charles Dickens. He is a famous British author.2. Thomas read Oliver Twist, a novel by Dickens about a poor boy. He enjoyed the story.3. When Dickens died in 1870, he had not finished the novel The Mystery of Edwin Drood.
25A VERB shows action or state of being. DefinitionA VERB shows action or state of being.runninglaughingthinkingdreamdancing
26Action VerbsAn ACTION VERB is a word that expresses action. It may be made up of more than one word.The director shouts at the members of the cast.The lights are flashing above the stage.The audience arrived in time for the performance.Several singers have memorized the lyrics of a song.
27Identify the action verbs in each sentence. PracticeIdentify the action verbs in each sentence.1. Heather and Lisa heard a crashing sound.2. They ran to the kitchen window.3. The girls turned on the outdoor lights.
28LINKING VERBSA LINKING VERB connects the subject of a sentence with a noun or an adjective in the predicate.Juanita Ortiz was the director.Ms. Ortiz is imaginative.
29Helping Verb + Main Verb = Verb Phrase HELPING VERBSA HELPING VERB helps the main verb express action or make a statement.Helping Verb + Main Verb = Verb PhraseA VERB PHRASE consists of one or more helping verbs followed by a main verb.Tonya is acting in another play today.She has learned the lines for both plays.
30HELPING VERBS Is Am Are Was Were Be Being Been To the tune of“When the Saints Go Marching In”Is Am Are WasWere Be Being BeenHas Have Had Do Does DidShall Will Should WouldMay Might Must Can CouldThese are the helping verbs!
31PracticeIdentify the helping verb, main verb, and verb phrase in each sentence.1. Miss Frizzle may have saved some cake for you.2. She did wait to have some also.3. Should she give you a large piece?
33DefinitionAn ADJECTIVE describes, or modifies, a noun or pronoun. One adjective can change the meaning of a whole sentence.We take exciting trips.We take boring trips.
34Adjectives ADJECTIVES can tell what kind, which one, or how many. We climbed steep, rocky trails.Which One?Those hikers met this stream.How Many?Several boys carried two canteens.
35Identify the adjectives in each sentence. PracticeIdentify the adjectives in each sentence.1. Ten puppies are playing in the tall, green grass.2. Sam has a blue racing bicycle.3. Sam’s apple is sour.
37DefinitionAn ADVERB describes, or modifies, a verb, adjective, or another adverb.VERBSPeople handle old violins carefully.ADJECTIVESVery old violins are valuable.ADVERBSOrchestras almost always include violins.
38adverbs ADverbS can tell how, when, or where. Chan happily plays ball. Often the team travels on the bus.WHERE?My sister ran downstairs.
39Identify the adverbs in each sentence. PracticeIdentify the adverbs in each sentence.1. The glacier crept gradually toward the sea.2. Knock gently on the green door..3. Do you often go to the movies?