Presentation on theme: "Implementing SFI in your ECE Program"— Presentation transcript:
1Implementing SFI in your ECE Program Developed by theCenter for the Study of Social PolicyFunded by theDoris Duke Charitable Foundation
2reached large numbers of very young children, and In the beginning, we were seeking a strategic, feasible approach to child abuse prevention that was:systematic,national,reached large numbers of very young children, andwould have impact long before abuse or neglect occurred
3Our hypothesis was that early care and education programs could be central because they offer: Daily contact with parents and childrenUniquely intimate relationship with familiesA universal approach of positive encouragement and education for familiesAn early warning and response system at the first sign of trouble
4The CSSP Process Step 1: Search the evidence to find out what factors really reduce child abuse and neglect Step 2: Explore the connection between factors that prevent child abuse and neglect and what quality early childhood programs do to build them Step 3: Identify programs that build the factors and learn how they do itStep 1: Review of existing literature to identify protective factors correlated with CAN prevent and that early care and education settings have a unique capacity to build. National consultation process to discuss the hypothesis with experts and practitioners in the field. This consultation process included over 100 participants including researchers, ECE and CAN policy makers, professional groups, practitioners, etc.Step 2: This was a two year research model that involved national nomination of exemplary early care and education programs building the protective factors. Close to 100 programs were studied using surveys, site visits, observations, interviews. All research tools were keyed to the protective factors.Step 3: Out of this study 22 exemplary programs were chosen and their protective factor building practice documented.
5How Early Childhood programs contribute to prevention of child abuse and neglect Protective FactorsQuality Early Care & Education:Parental ResilienceProgram Strategies That:????Social ConnectionsKnowledge of Parenting& Child DevelopmentCANPreventionConcrete supports intimes of needSocial and EmotionalCompetence of Children
6Parental ResiliencePsychological health; parents feel supported and able to solve problems; can develop trusting relationships with others and reach out for helpParents who did not have positive childhood experiences or who are in troubling circumstances need extra support and trustworthy relationshipsThe issue is not that families are experiencing stress, all families do—the question is: when a family experiences stress how do they respond. Resilience is about responding to stressful situations in productive ways.For parents who have had difficult childhoods getting to resiliency in part is about being “re-parented. Internalizing new messages that they are capable, that when bad things happen others will support and help them, that things are fixable.One thing ECE programs can provide is “consistency of caring.” Using the daily contact to send consistent messages that the parent is valued, that staff is concerned about them, that there is support available.
7Social ConnectionsRelationships with extended family, friends, co-workers, other parents with children of similar agesCommunity normsMutual assistance networks: child care, emotional support, concrete helpSocial isolation is strongly connected to CAN (and other issues we care aboutFor preventing CAN, it’s not just having social connections, but the quality of the connections especially:Social networks that include positive norms about parentingConnections that help families to access resources—e.g. a friend that will provide babysitting, or a listening earWe all know that ECE prgs are a primary place where parents of young children meet and develop social networks with othersPrograms can be intentional by:Reaching out and connecting the most isolated parents to social activities at the centerProviding informal space for parents to “hang out” and structured activities that bring parents togetherBlending social and parent education activities (to support positive norm building within the network)
8Knowledge of parenting and child development Basic information about how children developBasic techniques of helping children develop, dealing with challenging behaviorsAlternatives to parenting behaviors experienced as a childHelp with challenging childrenCrucial for parents to have reasonable expectations of their child based on understanding of child developmentAlso need to have the knowledge to identify and flag developmental issuesFinally parents need alternative ways of responding to their children then simply the ones they learned from how they were parented (especially parents who were abused or neglected as children)How ECE programs do it?Providing ‘just in time” parent education—information to parents when an issue (e.g. biting) is happening—rather than within the schedule of a parent ed class.Using observation as a strategy to model new behaviors or to support understanding of developmental issues.Parent education is provided within the context of trust and the belief by the parent that the provider “knows their child”
9Concrete Support Response to a crisis: food, shelter, clothing Assistance with daily needs: health care, education, job opportunitiesServices for parents: depression and other mental health issues, domestic violence, substance abuse;Specialized services for childrenProviding concrete supports is an important way of intervening before a crisis happens.For the more interventive services (e.g. mental health, dv, substance abuse) the issue is often not only the lack of knowledge about the services but issues of stigma and lack of trust. ECE programs can leverage their trusting relationship with families to help families overcome barriers to accessing needed services.Programs don’t need to provide all of these services themselves—much can be done through collaboration, and inviting community partners into the program to provide info about services.
10Social Emotional Development Connection between normal development and positive parent child interactionAppropriate adult response to challenging behaviors, traumatic experiences or when development is not on trackWhat classroom learning sends home to familiesSocial emotional issues of young children becoming an increasing issue in early care and education setting.Parents who have a child who exhibits challenging behavior can internalize messages that their child is bad, unlovable or uncontrollable. Providing adequate supports to these parents to help them develop coping behaviors and see positives in their child is important.Huge impact of programs making a commitment not to kick out kids with troubling behaviors.Also our study showed a big impact of programs like Second Step that helped kids to articulate their feelings on parents understanding of their children as “little people”—this was the number one response when parents were asked how their child’s participation in the program had effected their parenting.
11In order to learn more about how the protective factors are implemented in early care and education programs we studied close to 100 programs, including 21 exemplary programs that received intensive two day site visits.
12How Early Childhood programs contribute to prevention of child abuse and neglect Protective FactorsQuality Early Care & Education:Parental ResilienceProgram Strategies That:Facilitate friendships and mutual supportStrengthen parentingRespond to family crisesLink families to services and opportunitiesValue and support parentsFacilitate children’s social and emotional developmentObserve and respond to early warning signs of child abuse or neglectSocial ConnectionsKnowledge of Parenting& Child DevelopmentCANPreventionConcrete supports intimes of needSocial and EmotionalCompetence of Children
14Early Childhood Infrastructure CANPreventionParental ResilienceSocial ConnectionsKnowledge of Parenting and Child DevelopmentConcrete support in times of needSocial and Emotional Competence of childrenProtectiveFactorsStrategiesProgram ComponentsEarly Childhood Infrastructure
15Early Childhood Infrastructure Facilitate friendships and mutual supportStrengthen parentingRespond to family crisesHelp families get what they needValue and support parentsFacilitate children’s social & emotional developmentCANPreventionProtectiveFactorsStrategiesProgram ComponentsEarly Childhood Infrastructure
17Early Childhood Infrastructure CANPreventionProtectiveFactorsStaff training and SupportLinkages with other agenciesStrong relationship with CWParent InvolvementStrategiesProgram ComponentsEarly Childhood Infrastructure
18Social Emotional Strategies Program elementsFamily SupportFamily Support WorkersParenting SupportsHome VisitingSocial Emotional StrategiesConflict resolution curriculaArts programsDiversity affirmationMental Health Consultation
19Staffing Leadership that shares power Focus on Capacity Building Clear parent leadership rolesFlexibility in staff rolesDecentralized managementShared sense of missionFocus on Capacity BuildingInternal training and mentoringLocal hiringTeam based ApproachTeam staffingRegular meetingsStructured communication
20Relationships Use of Space to welcome parents Outreach to Men Observation AreasDedicated Parent SpaceOutreach to MenStrong relationship with child protection agencyRelationships with other agencies and servicesNetworks, collaboratives, partnerships
21Parents Say:“I don’t know how staff does it, but you know you can go to them with any issue and they’ll be professional and it will stay with them”“I got referred to the program because I whacked my child. Before I used to beat her up like there was no tomorrow but now I don't.”“I find strength from the unconditional support and non-threatening environment here.”
22The Bottom LineUsing early childhood education to prevent child abuse is:A bold and promising departure from conventional prevention strategiesSupported by both early childhood professionals and child abuse prevention advocatesMore than a collection of good program components. Success hinges on the quality of relationships
23I used to be argumentative and my grandbaby’s really calmed me down—its what she learns in the classroom that has made the difference
24Early care and education programs can serve several critical roles for young parents: as a primary source of information and support for young familiesas a gateway to outside services or supports such as health or mental health services, transportation, and even education, housing and jobs. as the key early warning system when families or children are in trouble.
25“This has really helped me—my child is really hyper and they’ve taught me a lot of patience and how to handle it.”“My sense that I have other people I can depend on here is great. That’s huge.”“It really motivates the child to bring out the best in the parent”“I’m learning new ways to set boundaries—it makes me go back home and behave differently with her (my daughter) to reinforce what they’re teaching.”
26What your Program can do Use the self-assessment to identify areas for practice enhancementBuild effective linkages with child welfare agencies and child abuse prevention advocatesEducate others on the role early care and education can play in child abuse and neglect prevention
27“I didn’t realize how hard being a mom was “I didn’t realize how hard being a mom was. Pat [the home visitor] was like a breath of fresh air—she gave me ideas for crafts and things that I could do with my baby. When I talk to mom’s in other county’s who don’t have this support I realize how lucky we are.”Of all the encounters I’ve had since I’ve been [in this community] this is the place where I feel the most safe, the most comfortable and the most welcome.
28Tools for Implementation www.cssp.org Program guide book and self-assessment toolsLiterature review (and ongoing links to relevant research)Program write-upsPaper on EC infrastructureNewsletterHandouts/slide shows/communication materials