Presentation on theme: "CULTURAL CHANGE Acculturation – adapting yourself by taking on the traits of a new culture (music, language, foods, etc.) Diffusion – spread of one culture."— Presentation transcript:
CULTURAL CHANGE Acculturation – adapting yourself by taking on the traits of a new culture (music, language, foods, etc.) Diffusion – spread of one culture to another
New vs Old Globalization – world connections increase and cultures become more alike – Companies are found in different nations – Music & clothing styles spread quickly
Industrial Revolution & Urbanization – Towns & cities grew up around factories – Cities also grew as centers of the exchange of goods, particularly along rivers & seacoasts – This increased urbanization – movement of people to cities
Factors Influencing Where People Settle Physical Factors Human Factors Climate Natural Resources Bodies of Water Landforms Level of Technology Transportation Routes Economic Activities Urbanization
Physical Factors Affecting Settlement Temperate climate Fertile soil Near fresh water Fewer in dry, wet, cold, or mountainous
Human Factors Affecting Settlement Near political or economic centers Along transportation routes (coastlines, roads, railroad lines, airports) Areas with improving technology Urbanization – Poor moving in seeking jobs – More well-off people moving to newer homes outside city center - suburbs
Population Density Maps Population density – how many people live per square mile in a given area – EX: U.S. has ___ people per sq. mi. A pop. density map shows how densely populated in that area as well as distribution Dot population maps uses dots to show the location of major towns and how concentrated they are
Work this example in your notes The U.S. covers almost 4,000,000 square miles. The U.S. has approximately 312,000,000 people. What is the U.S.’s population density? D=m/v…answer is ________ people per sq. mi. 78 people per sq. mi. Is the U.S. crowded?
Canada – 8 people per sq. mi. Mexico – 134 people per sq. mi. China – 344 people per sq. mi. Germany – 602 people per sq. mi. India – 811 people per sq. mi. South Korea – 1,260 people per sq. mi. Singapore – 17, 202 people per sq. mi.!!!!!
Pop. Growth Factors Natural increase – Birth rate – Death rate – Affected by food supply, level of health care, level of development, war, & natural disasters
Migration – Push-pull factors Economic reasons Environmental hazards Political reasons – Emigrants exiting your country – Immigrants coming into your country – Countries may pass laws to limit migration
Developed countries tend to have low growth rates Less-developed countries tend to have high growth rates Some developed countries have reached zero pop. growth A few countries have “negative growth” – population is in decline
Population pyramids Egypt – shows rapid pop. Growth and low avg. age of death
Future growth The world crossed 7 billion sometime in 2011. Factors that will affect future growth include medical and agricultural advances, pollution, attempts by rapid growth societies to bring that growth under control
Future Population Green Revolution Medical advances Pollution? Overpopulation? AIDS?
Monarchy Hereditary ruler controls the govt. – Divine right – rule by the will of God – Constitutional monarchy – rulers power limited by & people’s rights protected by law
Republic Representative government ruled by law Protects basic rights
Democracy Direct government ruled by the majority Concerned with group wants or needs Direct democracy – all citizens vote on all issues Representative democracy – elect people to carry out their will
Dictatorship One person rules through military power Often unstable Force used against those who disagree with govt.
Totalitarianism Govt. controls all aspects of individual life Controls police, military, communications, economy, education,
Theocracy Run by a religious leader or leaders Religion is the law