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G ROUNDWORK FOR C OLLEGE R EADING WITH PHONICS Fourth Edition John Langan © 2008 Townsend Press.

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G ROUNDWORK FOR C OLLEGE R EADING WITH PHONICS Fourth Edition John Langan © 2008 Townsend Press.

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Presentation on theme: "G ROUNDWORK FOR C OLLEGE R EADING WITH PHONICS Fourth Edition John Langan © 2008 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 G ROUNDWORK FOR C OLLEGE R EADING WITH PHONICS Fourth Edition John Langan © 2008 Townsend Press

2 Part II, Chapter Five: Supporting Details THIS CHAPTER IN A NUTSHELL Supporting details are the evidence such as reasons or examples that backs up main ideas. Those details help you understand main ideas. Outlines and maps can show you a main idea and its major and minor supporting details at a glance.

3 SUPPORTING DETAILS What is the dogs main idea, or point? What is his support for his point? Cartoon copyright 2006 by Randy Glasbergen.

4 WHAT ARE SUPPORTING DETAILS? Supporting details are reasons, examples, facts, or other kinds of evidence that explain a main idea, or point.

5 WHAT ARE SUPPORTING DETAILS? Which of these three statements is the main idea? Which statements are supporting details? A.People who do not exercise regularly after age 30 suffer the consequences. B.Inactive people lose nearly one pound of muscle each year after age 30. C.After age 30, inactive people lose about 5 percent of their s trength every decade.

6 OUTLINING Outlines begin with the main idea, followed by supporting details. Major details explain and develop the main idea. Minor details help fill out the major details and make them clear.

7 Main idea: Certain basic fears are part of our lives. Major detail: 1. Being disrespected Minor details: a. Bullies tease us. b. Were hurt when phone calls are not returned. Major detail: 2. Being alone Minor details: a. No man is an island. b. Not having other people in our lives makes us feel empty. Certain basic fears are part of our lives. For one thing, we fear being disrespected. Bullies play on this fear. They cruelly tease their victims and take away their self-respect. And we feel hurt and disrespected when someone doesnt return our phone calls or walks past us without saying hello. Another of our deepest fears is being alone. No matter how tough we act, we know that the poet who wrote No man is an island was telling the truth. We need each other. Not having other people in our lives makes us feel empty inside. Here is part of the paragraph on basic fears, followed by an outline of it. OUTLINING

8 several kinds of various causes a few reasons a number ofa series ofthree factors four stepsamong the resultsseveral advantages Tip 1: Look for words that tell you a list of details is coming: Outlining Tips Certain basic fears are part of our lives. For one thing, we fear being disrespected. Bullies play on this fear. They cruelly tease their victims and take away their self-respect. And we feel hurt and disrespected when someone doesnt return our phone calls or walks past us without saying hello. Another of our deepest fears is being alone. No matter how tough we act, we know that the poet who wrote No man is an island was telling the truth. We need each other. Not having other people in our lives makes us feel empty inside. Example OUTLINING

9 MAPPING Maps, or diagrams, are visual outlines in which circles, boxes, or other shapes show the relationship between main ideas and supporting details.

10 Certain basic fears are part of our lives. For one thing, we fear being disrespected. Bullies play on this fear. They cruelly tease their victims and take away their self-respect. And we feel hurt and disrespected when someone doesnt return our phone calls or walks past us without saying hello. Another of our deepest fears is being alone. No matter how tough we act, we know that the poet who wrote No man is an island was telling the truth. We need each other. Not having other people in our lives makes us feel empty inside. Below is a map of the paragraph on basic fears. Being disrespected Being alone Were hurt when phone calls arent returned or people dont say hello. No man is an island. Bullies tease us. Not having other people in our lives makes us feel empty inside. Certain basic fears are part of our lives. MAPPING

11 In our busy lives, there are different steps we take to save time. First, we use modern inventions to help us do more in less time. For instance, we use a microwave oven to cook a baked potato instead of baking it in the oven. Or we use the self-checkout option at the grocery store rather than waiting for a cashier. We also save time by doing more than one thing at a time. For example, a student may finish writing a paper while eating breakfast. Or we may take a shower and brush our teeth at the same time. Finally, of course, we may simply rush. We may save time simply by gulping a meal or running to catch to a bus. Read the following paragraph. Notice the list words and the words that signal the three major details. 1.What words in the first sentence tell you that a list will follow? 2.What word signals the first major detail? 3.What word signals the second major detail? 4.What word signals the third major detail? MAPPING

12 REVIEW In this chapter, you learned the following: Supporting details go hand in hand with main ideas. They provide the added information you need to make sense of a main idea. List words and addition words can help you to find major and minor supporting details. Outlining and mapping are useful note-taking strategies. Outlines and maps, or diagrams, show the relationship between the main idea, major details, and minor details of a passage.


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