2 Authoritarian Governments Definition: A gov’t ruled by one or few people.
3 Characteristics of Authoritarian Elections do not offer choiceCitizens rights are NOT guaranteedForce is used to keep the peaceUnlimited government, do whatever they want
4 Types of Authoritarian Government Autocracy: Rule by oneAbsolute Monarchy- King and Queen has total control over the countryDictatorship (Totalitarian)- Has total control, usually takes power and uses force to keep it2. Oligarchy: Rule by few
5 DemocracyDefinition: Rule by the people, citizens rights are protected
6 Characteristics of Democracy Rule of law: everyone must follow the lawFederalism: power is divided into different levelsPopular sovereignty: power comes from people through votingEquality of all persons under the lawMajority rule with minority rights protectedIndividual rights and freedomsLimited government
7 Direct vs. Representative Democracy Direct: Presidential Gov’t: (U.S.A) A gov’t where all citizens meet and vote on laws for the nation Parliamentary Gov’t: (England) Representative: People elect representatives to Constitutional Monarchy Conduct gov’t (make laws) for a nation
8 Types of Representative Democracies Presidential:3 BranchesVoters elect law making (legislative) branch – CongressVoters elect President (executive branch)Judicial branch – Court system, seen in the U.S.
9 Types of Representative Democracies Parliament:3 BranchesVoters elect PART of law making (legislative) branch then voters choose its executive leader (Prime Minister) from among its own membersTherefore, the people do not choose their executive (unlike Presidential system)Judicial branch – court system seen in Great Britain
10 Presidential vs Parliament Review Category:AuthoritarianDemocracyExecutiveLegislativeJudicialWhere it is seen:
11 Authoritarian vs Democracy Review Category:AuthoritarianDemocracyRightsRule of LawAmount of powerHow leaders are chosenExamples of types:
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