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United Nations Environment Programme A Partner In The Global Environment Facility Presentation prepared by the POPs Unit of UNEP Division of GEF Coordination.

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Presentation on theme: "United Nations Environment Programme A Partner In The Global Environment Facility Presentation prepared by the POPs Unit of UNEP Division of GEF Coordination."— Presentation transcript:

1 United Nations Environment Programme A Partner In The Global Environment Facility Presentation prepared by the POPs Unit of UNEP Division of GEF Coordination November 2006

2 The Global Environment Facility Funding the incremental costs of actions by developing countries and Countries with Economies in Transition that provide global environmental benefits in six focal areas: Biological Diversity Biological Diversity Climate Change Climate Change International Waters International Waters Protection of the Ozone Layer Protection of the Ozone Layer Land Degradation Land Degradation Persistent Organic Pollutants Persistent Organic Pollutants Implementing Agencies: UNEP, UNDP, World Bank Implementing Agencies: UNEP, UNDP, World Bank

3 The Global Environment Facility Implementing Agencies (IAs) : Play key roles in preparation and in managing GEF projects on the ground. Play key roles in preparation and in managing GEF projects on the ground. Through them, the GEF has quickly amassed a diverse project portfolio serving the developing world, Eastern Europe, and the Russian Federation - more than 140 countries altogether. Moreover, GEF teamwork by these partners reinforces their individual efforts to mainstream or incorporate global environment concerns into all of their policies and programs. Through them, the GEF has quickly amassed a diverse project portfolio serving the developing world, Eastern Europe, and the Russian Federation - more than 140 countries altogether. Moreover, GEF teamwork by these partners reinforces their individual efforts to mainstream or incorporate global environment concerns into all of their policies and programs.

4 The Global Environment Facility Executing Agencies (EAs): contribute to the management and contribute to the management and execution of GEF Projects. execution of GEF Projects. Executing Agencies : Asian Dev. Bank, African Dev. Bank, Inter-American Dev. Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction & Development, Food & Agriculture Organization, UNIDO, Int. Fund for Agricultural Development, (more expected…..)

5 UNEP Role in GEF Catalyzing development of scientific and technical analysis and advancement of environmental management in GEF activities Catalyzing development of scientific and technical analysis and advancement of environmental management in GEF activities Guidance on relating GEF activities to environmental assessments, policy frameworks and plans, and to environmental agreements Guidance on relating GEF activities to environmental assessments, policy frameworks and plans, and to environmental agreements Secretariat support to Scientific & Technical Advisory Panel (STAP) Secretariat support to Scientific & Technical Advisory Panel (STAP)

6 Mission: The GEFs overall objective in the POPs focal area is to assist countries to reduce and eliminate releases of POPs in order to protect human health and the environment UNEP - GEF Projects during GEF-4 for the Persistent Organic Pollutants focal area:

7 POPs: - - Aldrin - - Chlordane - - DDT - - Dieldrin - - Endrin - - Heptachlor - - Hexachlorobenzene - - Mirex - - Toxaphene - - PCBs, Dioxins, Furans UNEP - GEF Projects during GEF-4 for the Persistent Organic Pollutants focal area:

8 Funding Priorities & Types of Projects (valid for all GEF agencies): Strategic objective 1 (NIP program and Dissemination of best practices): +Enabling activities and some knowledge management projects focused on disseminating practices. Strategic objective 2 (Strengthening capacity for NIP implementation): +Projects oriented towards technical assistance and capacity building, with some limited investment included. UNEP - GEF Projects during GEF-4 for the Persistent Organic Pollutants focal area:

9 Funding Priorities & Types of Projects (valid for all GEF Agencies): Strategic objective 3 (Partnering in Investments for NIP implementation): +Projects will be oriented largely towards investments, with some technical assistance and capacity building. Strategic objective 4 (Partnering in the demonstration of feasible, innovative technologies and practices for POPs reduction): +Investment projects including limited capacity building and technical assistance. Emphasis on replication and dissemination of project outcomes. UNEP - GEF Projects during GEF-4 for the Persistent Organic Pollutants focal area:

10 Summary: Strategic objectives: 1)Continuation of the GEF National Implementation Plan (NIP) Program; 2)Strengthening national capacities for NIP implementation; 3)Partnering in investments needed for NIP implementation to achieve impacts in POPs reduction; and 4)Partnering in the demonstration of feasible, innovative technologies and practices for POPs reduction. UNEP - GEF Projects during GEF-4 for the Persistent Organic Pollutants focal area:

11 General: - Activities under GEF-4 will shift from preparation to implementation; - Strong emphasis will be placed on the sustainability of GEF interventions, focusing especially on countries whose policies and actions demonstrate their firm intention to follow-through on their commitment to the Convention; - It is suggested that UNEP will be Leading Agency for chemicals related issues. UNEP - GEF Projects during GEF-4 for the Persistent Organic Pollutants focal area:

12 Over 140 countries participate already in UNEP GEF Project Activities

13 Focal AreaGEFTotal ($m) ($m) Biodiversity Biosafety Climate Change International Waters Land Degradation Ozone POPs Multifocal Total UNEPs Portfolio of GEF-3 Activities:

14 NIPs to Projects From NIPs to Projects Accessing the GEF and other donors

15 The project cycle Country situation Priorities Action Plans Implementation Projects Measure Impact

16 Basis of project proposals Action Plans within the NIP GEF OP14 (POPs) Technical assistance guidance from COPs to GEF Eligibility for implementation projects Party NIP as foundation Activities BEYOND the NIP

17 Financing the action plans Issues need to be sustainable within government The GEF is NEVER the only source of funding The GEF only finances the incremental costs All actions need to be COST- EFFECTIVE

18 Other sources of funding Bilateral –Link NIP actions to development and assistance strategies Why should we fund this project if you havent shown it as a priority in the planning? National –Link Stockholm objectives to other policies & strategies –incorporate Stockholm objectives into normal Government business Industry initiatives & Public-Private Partnerships –Seeking private capital to increase total investments

19 Article 13: Incremental costs The EXTRA costs associated with doing things the way the Convention requires, rather than the way you are doing them –Need to know current costs in order to calculate –Need to be able to predict new costs –Calculate a unit abatement cost Incremental costs provide –Local benefits –Global benefits The GEF only funds this part

20 GEF –Project types Planning –ENABLING ACTIVITIES Capacity building Demonstration activities Implementation projects R&D and normative projects –Targeted research MSPs & FSPs

21 GEF projects MSP = Medium Sized Projects (1-3 years) –Up to US$ 1 Million from GEF –No limit to total budget FSP = Full Size Projects (2-5 years) –GEF contribution > US$ 1 Million –No limit to total budget BOTH require at least 50% co-financing

22 GEF Project preparation grants PDF-A –Up to US$50,000 for project preparation –Usually 3 – 6 months –Stakeholder and activity planning PDF-B –Up to US$ 700,000 –Usually 6 – 12 (18) months –Feasibility study Outputs = Project documents

23 GEF project preparation PDF-A PDF-B Full Size Project Medium Size Project

24 Proposals and submissions Access to GEF via GEF agencies –World Bank –UNDP –UNEP –UNIDO –FAO –Regional Development Banks Agencies to help you prepare country driven proposals

25 Project Implementation GEF Agencies IMPLEMENT GEF Agencies, Regional and national institutions EXECUTE "Executing Agencies" contribute to the management and execution of GEF Projects. "Executing Agencies" contribute to the management and execution of GEF Projects. UNEP/GEF implements (direct relation with GEF) GEF UNEP technical branch/ reg- national institution executes National institutional counterparts

26 GEF: opportunities About US $ 3 billion for all Focal Areas in GEF IV US$ 300 million allocation for POPs in GEF IV for all Agencies Potential for major & costly projects beyond capacity of other individual grant donors Availability of grants for project development (PDF-A, PDF-B) Country driven –Linked to needs identified in the NIP

27 GEF: things to be aware of Lengthy project cycle –2-4 years from initial concept to start of a Full-Size Project Incremental cost calculations –GEF funds the global element of new and additional costs Concentration on new and innovative rather than investment –Council & CoP priorities Cofinancing difficulties & donor fatigue –Proposed 1:1 ratio if $5m from GEF –How are chemicals prioritised on the national level ? Resource Allocation Framework (RAF; not for POPs yet) –Allocations based on country potential to generate global benefits + country performance

28 Contacts The Director Division of GEF Co-ordination The United Nations Environment Programme P.O. Box 30552, Nairobi, Kenya Jan Betlem Task Manager POPs UNEP Division of GEF Coordination Tel.:

29 THE UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME A Partner In The Global Environment Facility

30 The United Nations Environment Programme A Partner In The Global Environment Facility PROJECT IDENTIFICATION

31 GEF Filters The Eligibility Test – Conventions Eligibility under Stockholm Convention (for POPs related issues) The Global Significance Test (Impact) The National Priority Test The Co-Funding Requirement The Portfolio Test: Eligibility under GEF Operational Programme (for POPs: OP 14) The Strategic Objectives Test: GEF IV Strategic Objectives for POPs Focal Area

32 Summary: Strategic objectives: 1)Continuation of the GEF National Implementation Plan (NIP) Program; 2)Strengthening national capacities for NIP implementation; 3)Partnering in investments needed for NIP implementation to achieve impacts in POPs reduction; and 4)Partnering in the demonstration of feasible, innovative technologies and practices for POPs reduction. UNEP - GEF Projects during GEF-4 for the Persistent Organic Pollutants focal area:

33 Why select UNEP as IA ? Because you trust UNEP to be a partner which brings an added value to your project The project fits within the mandate of UNEP for GEF 4 UNEP is (proposed as) GEF Lead Agency for the specific topic (for example for chemicals issues) Because UNEP is one of the three Implementing Agencies and has huge experience with GEF procedures.

34 UNEP GEF--Criteria at submission level within UNEP (Assessment of project through DROC) Main objective--> expected global impact Indicators to monitor project success? What baseline of data -- from where? What method or approach? Innovative ? Guiding ? Setting standards ? Basic foundation on which project is based? If policy changes, how? How is the project planning to promote country-drivenness? stakeholders – stakeholder analysis If demonstration or pilot, criteria for selection? Cost effective? Sustainability? Replicability? Budget allocations for these?

35 remember….. Good proposals always get funding….Good proposals always get funding….

36 remember….. Good proposals always get funding….Good proposals always get funding…. on condition that there is political or commercial interest in the subject.on condition that there is political or commercial interest in the subject.

37 remember….. Good proposals always get funding….Good proposals always get funding…. on condition that there is political or commercial interest in the subject.on condition that there is political or commercial interest in the subject. Gaining political support is the key to access funding.Gaining political support is the key to access funding.

38 remember….. Good proposals always get funding….Good proposals always get funding…. on condition that there is political or commercial interest in the subject.on condition that there is political or commercial interest in the subject. Gaining political support is the key to access funding.Gaining political support is the key to access funding. Politicians and commercial companies are sensitive for publicity….Politicians and commercial companies are sensitive for publicity….

39 remember….. Good proposals always get funding….Good proposals always get funding…. on condition that there is political or commercial interest in the subject.on condition that there is political or commercial interest in the subject. Gaining political support is the key to access funding.Gaining political support is the key to access funding. Politicians and commercial companies are sensitive for publicity….Politicians and commercial companies are sensitive for publicity…. so increased publicity on the subject will eventually lead to increased funding.so increased publicity on the subject will eventually lead to increased funding.

40 Good examples of GEF-able initiatives Africa Stockpiles Program aiming at the disposal of with POPs contaminated pesticides wastes in Africa, awareness raising, prevention. (regional; about 50 countries) >> IA: Worldbank >> EA: FAO & others

41 Good examples of GEF-able initiatives DDT related regional projects aiming at reduced application of DDT for malaria control (projects in Central America -8 countries-, Africa-3 countries-, North Africa & Middle East -8 countries-, South East Asia & Pacific -10 countries-) >> IA: UNEP >> EA: WHO & others

42 Good examples of GEF-able initiatives Demonstration of alternative approaches in Termite management (global; 6 countries) >> IA: UNEP >> EA: FAO & others

43 Good examples of GEF-able initiatives Regional PCB management in West Africa (regional; 4 countries) >> IA: UNEP ? >> EA: UNIDO ? UNDP ?

44 And how to start…?

45 And how to start…? /operational_policies/eligibility_criteria

46 And how to start…? /operational_policies/eligibility_criteria view information on submitting projects

47 And how to start…? /operational_policies/eligibility_criteria view information on submitting projects Project Identification Form (PIF)

48 Project Identification Form questions asked: - Country eligibility - GEF Focal Area (POPs) - GEF-4 Strategic Objectives - Fit with Focal Area Strategy - Project Objective - Global environmental benefits expected

49 Project Identification Form questions asked about Financing Plan: - Co-funding - Contribution from involved countries - Management budget (international and local recruited staff, training, office equipment, travel)

50 Thanks for your attention & good luck with project identification & formulation!Thanks for your attention & good luck with project identification & formulation! We are available to advise you !We are available to advise you !


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