3. Programme of Action agreed by African Parties (1998) Creating awareness in policy makers, decision takers and general public; Developing national plans for ESM Enhancing knowledge and know-how for those directly involved Improving enforcement capabilities of States Nurturing regional efforts to prevent and monitor illegal traffic Involving all stakeholders in implementing the Programme of Action
4. Projects agreed by African Parties (1998) Capacity building to strengthen competent authorities and establish information units in contracting Parties. Improving legal, institutional and regulatory capacity Preparing National inventories of hazardous waste
5. Basel Convention Strategic Plan identifies priority waste streams: Electrical and electronic wastes; Used lead-acid batteries; Used oils; POPs wastes including obsolete pesticide stocks, PCBs, dioxins & furans; Biomedical and health-care wastes; Household wastes mixed with hazardous wastes; By-products from the dismantling of ships.
6. Cause-effect relations in Arabic speaking countries: Causes - Inadequate legislation Incomplete administrative structures & mechanisms Lack of control procedures Fragmented waste management strategies Incomplete (or no) hazardous waste inventories Inability to treat hazardous waste in environmentally sound manner Insufficient manpower and training
7. Needs of Arabic speaking countries Guidance in setting up hazardous waste criteria Assistance on designing inventories and managing the data Guidance in drafting legislation Assistance to develop documentation systems Information exchange on best practice Information exchange on minimisation & cleaner production.
8. Other potential projects National Strategic Plan Preparation for HWM HWM Knowledge management programme for Anglophone African countries; Capacity building support for African institutions working in HWM Capture of greenhouse gases from landfills for power generation Use of organic wastes as bio-fuel.
9. Selected recent BCRC proposals Capacity Building for Implementing the Convention – BCRC Cairo Pilot project for environmentally sound disposal of PCB contaminated transformer oil Demonstration of regional approach to ESM of PCB liquid wastes & transformers & capacitors with PCBs Promoting EMS of hazardous wastes in Africa, with emphasis on health care & medical waste Assessing E-waste & promoting ESM of E-wastes in Africa
10. Capacity Building for Implementing the Convention – BCRC Cairo Submitted by BCRC Cairo to Govnt of Finland Budget $1.504 million Location Arabic speaking countries Duration 2 years Length of proposal 75 pages
11. Pilot project for environmentally sound disposal of PCB contaminated transformer oil Submitted by SBC to Canada POPs Fund Budget $720,940 Location Tanzania with participation of all Anglophone African countries Duration 12 months. Length of proposal 8 pages
12. Demonstration of regional approach to ESM of PCB liquid wastes & transformers & capacitors with PCBs Submitted by BCRC Senegal to GEF, UNEP, UNIDO, SBC, participating countries. Budget $1,360,000 Location Francophone West Africa Duration 18 months Length of proposal 60+ pages
13. Promoting EMS of hazardous wastes in Africa, with emphasis on health care & medical waste Submitted by BCCC Nigeria to ? Budget$673,915 Location selected Anglophone African countries Duration 4 months Length of proposal 8 pages
14. Assessing E-waste & promoting ESM of E-wastes in Africa Submitted by BCCC Nigeria to ? Budget $692,560 Duration 6 months Location Nigeria, South Africa, Senegal, Egypt Length of proposal 9 pages
15. But what are the REAL needs? Lack of: Trained personnel in all aspects of HWM, including enforcement & public relations; Awareness in govnt, industry & public; Good baseline data to prove the case; Strategic plan; Budget support.
16. Which types of project should we work on? Strategic planning at national level Capacity building National inventories A waste stream
17. The cost of mobilising resources Preparing and marketing good project proposals is expensive, particularly in staff time. Costs can be cut using generic proposals adapted for the country in question, possibly in partnership with other countries in the region. Basel Convention Secretariat should provide support to facilitate this approach within its available resources.
18. Minimising costs Small projects are expensive to administer Replicable projects provide significant cost reduction so consideration should be given to emulating successful projects in other countries. (Strategic Plan)