Presentation on theme: "Professionalism and CBRN Security Culture"— Presentation transcript:
1Professionalism and CBRN Security Culture Dr. Igor Khripunov
2What is CBRN Security Culture? As its major subset, CBRN security culture derives its strength, or lack thereof, from organizational culture, but in certain circumstances it can have a positive impact on organizational culture.CBRN security culture is important at the level of an organization but the ultimate objective is to make it a society-wide valueCBRN security culture is an assembly of beliefs, attitudes, and patterns of behavior which can reinforce or complement operating procedures, rules, regulations and ethical standards in the process of achieving intended WMD nonproliferation and security goals.
3Sustainability requires a 2-Tiered Architecture National Macro-LevelNational leadershipAdherence to international legal framework and complianceNational strategies and policiesIndustry commitmentInvolvement of the publicManagement SystemLeadership BehaviorPersonnel BehaviorPrinciplesBeliefs(There is a threat. CBRN security is necessary)Facility Micro-Level
4What is CBRN Security Culture? In all four silos, the foundation of security culture includes human support for enforcement of common risk-based elements such as:DeterrenceProtectionDetectionResponse to:TheftSabotageUnauthorized AccessIllegal TransferOther malicious acts involving either materials that can be used for unconventional terrorism purposes or their associated facilitiesThe major assumption that drives this pattern of human behavior is that the risk of CBRN terrorism is real and security is important.
5Culture and Professionalism Culture is intrinsic to high standards of professionalism which is embedded in a great respect and sense of responsibility for safety and securityFor CBRN professionals:The work is skill-based:(Behavior associated with highly practiced actions usually executed from memory without significant conscious thought)The work is rule-based:(Selection of the stored rules derived from one’s recognition of a work situation)The work is knowledge-based:Response to a very unfamiliar situation when, in the absence of skill or rule recognizable to the individual, he or she must rely on the understanding or knowledge of the system, principles, theory, and risks)Culture is a basic driver for professional behavior
6Four CBRN SilosThe CWC uses “general purpose criteria” to define a weapon.Global supply chains are increasingly vulnerable.A multitude of industrial chemicals could be released in massive quantities inflicting lethal effects despite their low toxicity.Less robust physical protection of sprawling petrochemical plants requires a significant input from security conscious personnel.In its recently launched project, the “OPCW as a Platform for Enhancing Security at Chemical Plants,” one of the objectives is to establish “a chemical security culture.”Chemical
7Four CBRN SilosThe BWC uses “general purpose criteria” to define a weapon.The rationale for security is much more closely intertwined with safety and material losses rather than terrorist risks.WHO documents refer to “responsible laboratory practices” defined as protection, control, and accountability for valuable biological materials to help prevent their unauthorized access, loss, theft, misuse, diversion, or intentional release.The International Federation of Biosafety Associations (IFBA) has launched a five year strategic plan wherein the mission is defined as “Safe, Secure, and Responsible Work with Biological Materials” but the term “culture” is yet to be prominently displayed in the professional parlance.Biological
8Four CBRN SilosAlmost all radioactive substances can be used to commit acts of radiological terrorism, including fission products, spent fuel from nuclear reactors, commercial radioactive sources, and relatively low-level waste.Radioactive sources pose a special challenge because they number in the millions worldwide, and are in use in a multitude of diverse operations.The Code of Conduct for the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources has provisions on safety and security culture but is not a binding legal instrument.Major characteristics of this silo are too unique to merge it with the nuclear silo.Radiological
9Four CBRN SilosThe Washington and Seoul Nuclear Security Summits elevated the role of nuclear security culture and placed it on par with physical protection and material accountancy.The international legal framework for nuclear security (both binding and nonbinding) has specific references to security culture which may be seen reflected in a series of national laws and regulations.The IAEA adopted the concept of nuclear security culture in 2008, launched a training program, and intends to work toward a new, more diversified security culture which would cover transportation, spent nuclear fuel, and others.Given its current record and advancement in security culture, the IAEA and the nuclear sector can serve as a role model for other silos.Nuclear
10Joint Foundation of CBRN Security Culture Only personnel empowered by a security culture that comes as second nature can continually evaluate the risk environment, and stay ahead of the threat.Among the most important shared characteristics of CBRN security culture are: accountability, reliability, compliance, and vigilance.A CBRN security culture will motivate the workforce to meticulously comply with existing security requirements, select the correct course of action when there are options, and improvise effectively in the face of the unknown.“Insider threats” are a common CBRN concern but best practices to deal with them may differ in each silo.
11Joint Foundation of CBRN Security Culture The manifestation of CBRN security culture is most important at the organizational and individual levels, but their goals are fully achieved only if there are adequate inputs from higher tiers, i.e. international and national levels.CBRN security culture promotion is more likely to achieve sustainability goals if its underlying standards are embedded in societal values, traditions, and best practices.It is imperative for the leaders of organizations to be driving engines for culture building/improvement and act as the role model for their employees.
12Joint Architecture of CBRN Security Culture Safety culture has been an integral part of the emergence and evolution of science and technology, while CBRN security culture is a late-comer. In this sense, security culture often follows the footsteps of safety culture or remains an integral part of it.Jointly developed and mutually acceptable risk assessment, culture evaluation methodologies, and ways of monitoring and improving the culture on an ongoing basis are important building blocks of a common architecture for CBRN security culture.
13Final ObservationsThe CBRN threat environment makes it imperative to explore and shape an appropriate culture-based response in support of the global effort against WMD proliferation and terrorism.Security cultures do exist in respective silos to safeguard sensitive materials, protect assets, and prevent acts of sabotage, but their promotion and implementation are largely isolated from each other in the absence of sufficient horizontal communication and best practice sharing.A major goal of developing a common architecture for CBRN culture is to enable countries that are lacking relevant experience to optimize the role of the human factor in dealing with CBRN risks and complying with their international obligations, including those under UNSCR 1540 (2004).