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Generally Accepted Recordkeeping Principles ® Where it’s at, what it means, and what to look for.

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Presentation on theme: "Generally Accepted Recordkeeping Principles ® Where it’s at, what it means, and what to look for."— Presentation transcript:

1 Generally Accepted Recordkeeping Principles ® Where it’s at, what it means, and what to look for

2 What is GARP ® ? GARP ® is an Acronym for Generally Accepted Recordkeeping Principles ARMA understands that records must be created, organized, secured, maintained, and used in a way that effectively supports the activity of that organization.

3 “As to methods there may be a million and then some, but principles are few. The man who grasps principles can successfully select his own methods. The man who tries methods, ignoring principles, is sure to have trouble.” Ralph Waldo Emerson Quotation

4 What Are They? A common language and imperative to use with executive management when describing the tenets of a solid program A model for program development A benchmark against your peers A legislative and judicial roadmap to best practices

5 Where Did They Come From? Committee of 7 widely-respected professional practitioners on the task force Using standards, best practices, and practical experience Sent to public review by ARMA International members and stakeholders Finalized and released March 31, 2009

6 How will GARP ® be Used? By Regulators… To protect the public by assuring access about the operations, policies and procedures of regulated companies By RIM Professionals… To measure the records management programs of a companies in a consistent and systematic manner By Businesses… To document to regulators and the public that information will be available from these companies if ever needed

7 Generally Accepted Recordkeeping Principles ® Accountability Integrity Protection Compliance Availability Retention Disposition Transparency

8 Principle of Accountability An organization –assign a senior executive to oversee recordkeeping program –delegate program responsibility to appropriate individuals –adopt policies and procedures to guide personnel, and ensure program auditability

9 Principle of Accountability Senior executive –Establish method to design and implement a structure to support recordkeeping program –Establish governance structure for program development and implementation Recordkeeping program –Have documented and approved policies and procedures to guide implementation Auditability enables program to validate its mission

10 Principle of Integrity Recordkeeping program –Construct so organizational records and information have a reasonable and suitable guarantee of authenticity and reliability

11 Integrity of Records Should include the following : –Correctness of and adherence to the policies and procedures of the organization –Reliability of information management training –Reliability of records created –Acceptable audit trail –Reliability of systems that control the recordkeeping

12 Principle of Protection Recordkeeping Program Construct to ensure protection to records and information that are: – Private – Confidential – Privileged – Secret – Essential to business continuity

13 Protection Controls for Information –Systems must have appropriate security so only approved personnel can access to information –Sensitive records must be safeguarded from inadvertent or malicious leaks –Security and confidentiality must be integral parts of final disposition –Audit program must have a clear process to determine whether sensitive information is being handled in accordance with the principle of protection

14 Principle of Compliance Recordkeeping program –Comply with laws and other binding authorities, as well as the organization’s policies

15 Principle of Availability An organization –Maintain records to ensure timely, efficient, and accurate retrieval of information

16 Principle of Availability –Organizations must have the ability to identify, locate, and retrieve the records and information required to support its business activities –Information must be described during the capture, maintenance, and storage processes to make retrieval effective and efficient –Routinely back up electronic information –Manage availability of information assets at a reasonable cost from creation through disposition

17 Principle of Retention Organization must maintain its records and information for an appropriate time, taking into account –legal –regulatory –fiscal –operational –historical requirements

18 Principle of Retention Records retention program based on information life cycle –Time period from record creation to disposition Retention decisions based on content and purpose of records –Retention periods determined by legal and regulatory, fiscal, operational and historical requirements Organization must conduct a risk assessment to determine retention period for each record type Minimize risks and costs associated with records retention, by immediately disposing of records after their retention period expires

19 Principle of Disposition An organization –Provide secure and appropriate disposition for records that are no longer required to be maintained by laws and organizational policies

20 Principle of Disposition –Records must be designated for disposition –Organization must make reasonable effort to ensure all versions of the records are included in disposition –Disposition of records must be suspended for pending or ongoing litigation or audit –Destruction of records must be performed in a secure manner –Transfer of records to historical archives, library, or museum should be documented as part of the organization’s records retention policy

21 Principle of Transparency An Organization’s –Recordkeeping program shall be documented and be available to all personnel and appropriate interested parties

22 Principle of Transparency –In best interest for all parties to understand that an organization conducts its activities in a lawful and appropriate manner by having recordkeeping systems that accurately and completely record the activities of the organization –An organization that is subject to open records laws may need to make all records available to any person upon request, and other organizations may have a legitimate need to protect confidential or proprietary information –Every organization must create and manage the records documenting its recordkeeping program to ensure the structure, processes, and activities of the program are apparent and understandable to legitimately interested parties

23 The Value of GARP ® to Your Organization Regulatory requirements Maturity model Benchmark among peers

24 Regulatory Requirements Provide common framework among jurisdictions and industries Demonstrate reasonable adherence to best practices

25 Maturity Model Apply proven methodology to measure progress toward optimization Measure current state and identify gaps against common framework Develop remediation plan Audit and test against metrics

26 Benchmark Among Peers Establish industry norms Calibrate resources accordingly Maintain competitive advantage

27 GARP ® Roadmap ARMA is introducing GARP ® to regulators ARMA is promoting GARP ® awareness ARMA is providing training sessions on GARP ® Measurements and testing are being developed GARP ® compliance will become a barometer of records management health

28 What’s Next? Look for more resources to help measure your organization against GARP ® Look for resources from ARMA International that directly connects each principle to related resources and education And more!

29 Thank You!


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