Presentation on theme: "Activities and Mandate of Telecommunication Technologies and Network Development Division (TND) Activities and Mandate of Telecommunication Technologies."— Presentation transcript:
Activities and Mandate of Telecommunication Technologies and Network Development Division (TND) Activities and Mandate of Telecommunication Technologies and Network Development Division (TND) Geneva, 26 January 2009 R. Passerini, ITU-BDT
Technologies and Networks Development- TND (Mandate of the Division) The development of digital technologies and the convergence of broadcasting, telecommunications and informatics offer sizeable opportunities for the implementation of appropriate new technologies by developing countries. WSIS: Action Line C2 "Information and communication infrastructure" Doha 2006: Programme 2 : Information and communication infrastructure and technologies development Assist Member States and ITU D Sector Members to maximize the utilization of appropriate new technologies in the development of their information and communication infrastructure Assists developing countries to plan, build, operate, upgrade, manage and maintain technologies applicable in their networks and services. This includes the development of the Telecommunications and Information infrastructure and applications. Applied research and the transfer of technological know-how for expediting the access to new technologies on a non-discriminatory basis for developing countries and countries with economies in transition.
PROGRAMME 2: Information and communication infrastructure and technologies development Priority are given to the following technology-related domains: 1.1 Spectrum management and radio monitoring 1.2 Broadcasting 1.3 Network planning 1.4 Mobile terrestrial communications 1.5 Innovative services/applications networks Tasks: Creation of tools Creation of training material Assistance to members Information sharing The Programme is carried out by various means, including symposia, workshops, conferences, seminars and expert advice.
Activities: Technologies and Networks Development - TND Main Activities: Creation of Network Planning Tools: Manual on Telecom Network Planning for evolving network architectures. intended for use by network planning experts to develop strategies for the evolution and transition of current network architectures to next generation networks – NGN. Spectrum Management and Radio Monitoring development of a new software for Spectrum Management System for Developing Countries (SMS4DC) in accordance with technical specifications prepared by ITU-R and ITU-D joint group dealing with WTDC-02 Resolution 9 SMS4DC is a multi-functional and multi-lingual computer program that covers the following three main functions: 1. Administrative Function 2. Engineering Analysis Function, including propagation models based on the latest ITU-R recommendations available at the time of development, calculation of coverage area, field strength, field strength contour, microwave link calculations, and many other engineering analysis functions. 3. Geographic Map Display Function Guidelines on the smooth transition of existing mobile networks to IMT-2000 for developing countries. ITU Handbook on deployment of IMT-2000 systems Guidelines for Network Planning Tools (GNPT) for Developing Countries and Countries with economies in transition presents and analyses the main characteristic and features to be taken into consideration in choosing and selecting planning tools.
Activities: Technologies and Networks Development – TND (cont.) Training:Technology-oriented training material developed and presented in all regions Training: Technology-oriented training material developed and presented in all regions Assistance to members: Provided on network engineering and dimensioning (Wireline, Wireless, Mobile) digital conversion in the broadcasting domain and spectrum management Assistance to members: Provided on network engineering and dimensioning (Wireline, Wireless, Mobile) digital conversion in the broadcasting domain and spectrum management Partnerships: Forged with United Nation agencies and other stakeholders Partnerships: Forged with United Nation agencies and other stakeholders
Technologies and Networks Development- TND Planning strategies, methods and tools to facilitate evolution and transition to Next Generation Networks–NGNs. Telecom Network Planning for evolving Network Architectures Reference Manual version 3.1 – February 2006 Manual on Network Planning Spectrum Management System for Developing Countries (SMS4DC) Engineering Analysis Geographic Map Display Administrative Functions Guidelines on the smooth transition of existing mobile networks to IMT-2000 for developing countries ITU Handbook on deployment of IMT-2000 systems Guidelines for Network Planning Tools (GNPT) for Developing Countries and Countries with economies in transition
PROGRAMME 2: Information and communication infrastructure and technologies development 1.1 Spectrum management and radio monitoring The frequency spectrum is recognized as a "scarce resource" efforts to strengthen administrations' national regulatory bodies in the fields of frequency planning and assignment, spectrum management and radio monitoring. SMS4DC developed under Programme 2 assisting developing countries to better plan and manage the use of their radio spectrum and establishing their national frequency management system
Spectrum management and broadcasting activities Developing principles and techniques for effective spectrum management Advising on practical questions from developing countries on spectrum management and broadcasting; Providing an opportunity for expert and high-level consultation for senior personnel from developing countries Providing information on various aspects of sound and television broadcasting systems/networks and of spectrum management systems (planning, engineering, operations, management and economics and financial viability). Evaluating existing systems and participate in the evaluation of tenders for equipment Participating in seminars and courses organized at ITU Headquarters or elsewhere on specialized aspects of broadcasting and spectrum management subjects
Examples on spectrum management activities SMS4DC (Spectrum Management Software for Developing Countries) Developed by BDT with close cooperation of the ITU-R sector Further developments (e.g. monitoring, Google Earth) Providing training Assistance to developing countries spectrum management assessments, revising legislation, spectrum pricing, coordination procedures Assisting in spectrum management projects ITU-D SG2, Resolution 9
PROGRAMME 2: Information and communication infrastructure and technologies development 1.2 Broadcasting Digitization is completely transforming the sound and television broadcasting sector. impart information to broadcasters and service providers to all aspects of digital conversion provide advise in the area of implementation of digital technology and development of relevant human resources
Examples on broadcasting activities Transition from analogue to digital Roadmap project for Africa ITU-D SG2 Question 11-2/2 Cooperation with regional broadcasting unions (e.g. WBU, EBU, ABU) Delivering seminars for capacity building Assistance to developing countries pilot systems conversion of audiovisual archives from analogue to digital
Digital Broadcasting Transition Roadmap Project in Africa Outputs of the 1 st phase of the project (January – July 2008) - Survey on the digital broadcasting transition situation including the African governments requirements for assistance from ITU - Development of the project document of the 2 nd phase of the project Expected outputs of the 2 nd phase of the project (November October 2009) - Development of the guidelines on transition to DTTV and introduction of MTV - Customization of guidelines and deployment of pilot systems to selected countries
PROGRAMME 2: Information and communication infrastructure and technologies development 1.3 Network planning Telecommunication network architectures are changing to accommodate the requirements of a growing number of ICT services/applications (broadband, IP, mobile, multimedia, streaming, multicasting, etc.) and evolving to next-generation networks (NGN) Hence the strong need for assistance to the network planners in order to facilitate the introduction of new-generation technologies speeding up the convergence process Use of different specialised up-to date planning tools
Oman – Test Case study Rural market – Muscat area ITU/BDT Arab Regional Workshop on Wireless Network Evolution Muscat-Oman, May 2004
Case study Oman - Market forecasting: Market based on inhabitants / households per sq. km. and penetration from 2% to 10% Permanent service – Residential - connection at 64 Kbit/s Business - connection at 128 Kbit/s
Case study Planning process : Case study Oman - Planning process :
BS coverage calculation Case study Planning wireless : Case study Oman - Planning wireless : Max server coverage
PROGRAMME 2: Information and communication infrastructure and technologies development 1.4 Mobile terrestrial communications Explosive growth of Mobile and the evolution from second-generation to third-generation networks (IMT- 2000). Incumbent mobile operators do not want to have to discard their entire existing infrastructure; Assist countries in planning IMT-2000 systems and applications Assist countries in the interpretation of related standards and recommendations Provide information on mobile systems operating below 600 MHz which are of particular interest to some developing countries.
PROGRAMME 2: Information and communication infrastructure and technologies development 1.5Innovative application networks The social applications and value-added services contributing to the goal of digital inclusion should be deployed on optimized networks open to future evolution Meet the needs of countries and their citizens for the delivery of new ICT services/applications providing assistance for the development of rural, national and international broadband telecommunication networks (known as information and communication infrastructure)
IP-Based Networks Objective: Integrating IP-based applications and value-added services in connection with the introduction of IP based multimedia and value-added services in the development of telecommunication networks. Activities Develop guidelines, planning tools and manuals on the technology and policy aspects of internet protocol and ICT applications. Organize workshops, meetings and seminars to address technical, policy, legal and strategy issues for internet protocol, IP Telephony, IP TV and other ICT applications Develop strategies for the implementation of internet protocol in all ITU Projects when appropriate Assist in the implementation of ICT infrastructure and internet protocol projects and formulate plans for the integration of voice and data services and the migration to IP-based networks. Provide expert assistance in project definition, management and implementation, including the identification of project requirements and feasibility studies at providing a wide range of ICT infrastructure, taking into account the needs of rural, isolated and poorly served areas and groups with special needs. Explore opportunities for collaboration and work with identified potential partners, based on project requirements and recognized sources of expertise, and facilitating the creation of mutually beneficial and multistakeholder partnerships.
IP-Based Networks Projects DEVELOPMENT OF A BROADBAND INFRASTRUCTURE AND ACHIEVEMENT OF REGIONAL INTERCONNECTIVITY. Budget: (USD 6,453,000) Broadband Wireless Network /Applications (ITU and McCaw Foundation, Budget: USD 6,400,000) Assistance to Member states on IP-based Network Development Assistance Regulators on IP Policy and Strategies
Feasibility Study on Low-Cost Wireless Broadband Infrastructure The Feasibility Study (FS) will be carried out in 2009, in Arab region. FS is aimed at helping developing countries in identifying suitable solution(s) for establishing wireless broadband Infrastructure at low cost. FS will deliver the following outputs: Case Studies in identified countries, by the simulation based on the study sites, Draft Project document for future pilot project, Draft input document concerning broadband access technologies for relevant ITU meeting, including useful information and know-how. Project Team (3 experts on Wireless Broadband) Study Sites Outputs (incl. plan for future pilot project) Questionnaires, Field Survey, & Simulations on Establishing Broadband Infrastructure
Approaches to Universal Access and Rural Communications Three approaches to UA Pilot projects to see what kind of impact ICTs have in rural areas – institutional, social context Based on this using different institutions for providing ICT Access and services Promote conditions for entrepreneurship development for provision of universal access
1. Pilot Projects for community access About 20 projects in different countries with different partners, technologies, and service provision in order to: Develop models for provision of ICT to rural and remote areas as tools for development Adapt "content" and demonstrate the impact of ICT on occupational sectors - agricultural extension workers, health workers etc Evaluate new technologies Evaluate the impact on social, economic and cultural development Try out innovative partnership models Projects evaluated. Impact Assessment under publication
2. E Services using post offices ProjectPartners Contribution (in USD) Status E-services through post offices, Bhutan (38 locations) [VSAT network connecting 6 remote villages and hub in Thimpu] India, Universal Postal Union, Bhutan Telecom, Bhutan Post 1.3 million Completed. Final evaluation done; Being published in March 2009 E Services through post offices Afghanistan India, UPU 11 provincial towns covering 122 Sub post offices 600,000 All major aspects completed
Rural Telecoms, ICT Services and Entrepreneurship Government of South Africa, ITU and UPU To promote the emergence of rural telecommunication operators and encourage telecommunication operators either incumbent or new to provide services in rural/remote areas with appropriate private investments and possibly incentives from USF within transparent and pro- active regulatory environment; To promote public-private partnerships for content development and dissemination in the areas of governance, health, community based content, learning, education and skill development; and To promote small and very small entrepreneurs (having appropriate qualifications) with support from micro-finance institutions and other banks for the provision of services to the general public. Focus on Southern Africa. Other partners expected to join.