Presentation on theme: "Rabies in Mongolian steppes"— Presentation transcript:
1 Rabies in Mongolian steppes A. Botvinkin, D. Otgonbaatar,S. Tsoodol, I. Kuzmin- Irkutsk State Medical University, Russia.- Center of Infectious Diseases with NaturalFoci, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.- Center for Diseases Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA.
2 Mongolia: - human population – 2.5 mln - cattle – 35.0 mln
3 - About one million of Mongolian people lives in traditional houses – “yurta” - Local name of rabies is “galzoo” – kind of wicked spirits
4 Epidemiological features of rabies in Mongolia – 11 human rabies cases;in average index 0.4 per mlnCattle-breeder children (4-7 years old) – 50% of all human cases64% of human cases were caused by wildlifeBites of herd dogs – 90% of PET
5 Animal rabies in Mongolia (total case number 1976-2006) Cattle – more than 80% of reported cases
6 Human rabies in Mongolia (total case number 1972-2006)
7 Distribution of the steppes in Mongolia and neighbouring countries
12 Main vectors and reservoirs of rabies virus in Mongolia
13 Main vectors and reservoirs of rabies virus in Mongolia Human rabies in Mongolia ( ; n=11):Wolf – 5Red fox – 2Dog - 4Active surveillance in Chita region of Russia ( ; n=370):- Red fox – 3,7%- Steppe fox – 3,5%
14 Sequencing of rabies virus isolates from Mongolian type steppes LocationSpeciesYearNumberMongolia(west)red fox, wolf, cow, camel20063,4,6,7Russia(Tuwa)wolf, cow1980365w, 786c(Chita region)steppe fox1977304c,248c
16 Instead of conclusionDoes Mongolia a place of contact of different clones of rabies virus?From there did fox rabies appeares in Mongolian steppes?Can we consider rabies in Mongolian steppes as a relict of wildlife rabies in central Asia?