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Rabies in Mongolian steppes A. Botvinkin, D. Otgonbaatar, S. Tsoodol, I. Kuzmin - Irkutsk State Medical University, Russia. - Center of Infectious Diseases.

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Presentation on theme: "Rabies in Mongolian steppes A. Botvinkin, D. Otgonbaatar, S. Tsoodol, I. Kuzmin - Irkutsk State Medical University, Russia. - Center of Infectious Diseases."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rabies in Mongolian steppes A. Botvinkin, D. Otgonbaatar, S. Tsoodol, I. Kuzmin - Irkutsk State Medical University, Russia. - Center of Infectious Diseases with Natural Foci, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. - Center for Diseases Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA.

2 Mongolia: - human population – 2.5 mln - cattle – 35.0 mln

3 - About one million of Mongolian people lives in traditional houses – yurta - Local name of rabies is galzoo – kind of wicked spirits

4 Epidemiological features of rabies in Mongolia 1994-2006 – 11 human rabies cases; 1994-2006 – 11 human rabies cases; in average index 0.4 per mln in average index 0.4 per mln Cattle-breeder children (4-7 years old) – 50% of all human cases Cattle-breeder children (4-7 years old) – 50% of all human cases 64% of human cases were caused by wildlife 64% of human cases were caused by wildlife Bites of herd dogs – 90% of PET Bites of herd dogs – 90% of PET

5 Animal rabies in Mongolia (total case number 1976-2006) Cattle – more than 80% of reported cases

6 Human rabies in Mongolia (total case number 1972-2006)

7 Distribution of the steppes in Mongolia and neighbouring countries

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12 Main vectors and reservoirs of rabies virus in Mongolia

13 Human rabies in Mongolia (1994- 2006; n=11): Human rabies in Mongolia (1994- 2006; n=11): -Wolf – 5 -Red fox – 2 -Dog - 4 Active surveillance in Chita region of Russia (1977-1980; n=370): Active surveillance in Chita region of Russia (1977-1980; n=370): - Red fox – 3,7% - Steppe fox – 3,5%

14 Sequencing of rabies virus isolates from Mongolian type steppes LocationSpeciesYearNumber Mongolia(west) red fox, wolf, cow, camel red fox, wolf, cow, camel20063,4,6,7 Russia(Tuwa) wolf, cow 1980 365w, 786c Russia (Chita region) steppe fox 1977304c,248c

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16 Instead of conclusion Does Mongolia a place of contact of different clones of rabies virus? Does Mongolia a place of contact of different clones of rabies virus? From there did fox rabies appeares in Mongolian steppes? From there did fox rabies appeares in Mongolian steppes? Can we consider rabies in Mongolian steppes as a relict of wildlife rabies in central Asia? Can we consider rabies in Mongolian steppes as a relict of wildlife rabies in central Asia?


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