Presentation on theme: "Trend of international discussions on the UNFCCC"— Presentation transcript:
1Trend of international discussions on the UNFCCC DEVELOPMENTS ON CLIMATE OBSERVATIONS AND RELATED NEEDS UNDER THE UNFCCCGCOS Steering Committee, 18th sessionGeneva, 27 Sept – 1 October 2010Rocio Lichte, Programme OfficerUNFCCC secretariat, Adaptation, Technology and Science
2Trend of international discussions on the UNFCCC OutlineResearch and systematic observation2. Adaptation: Nairobi work programme3. Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries4. Discussions under the AWG-LCA related to data & observations – way to Cancun5. Needs under UNFCCC – possible role of GCOS
3Research and systematic observation Trend of international discussions on the UNFCCCResearch and systematic observationCOP 15: Decison on systematic climate observations (9/CP.15)appreciation for report on progress with the GCOS implementation planrecognizes significant progress in improving the observing systems for climate, but also the limitations re continuity, gaps and needsParties & UN agencies and organizations to work towards addressing the priorities and gaps identified in progress reportInvites the GCOS to update the GCOS implementation plan taking into account emerging needs in climate observations (adaptation) activitiesGTOS: encouraged to implement framework for terrestrial observations as UN & ISO joint mechanism between relevant UN agencies & ISOCEOS: encouraged to continue coordinating & supporting implementation of the satellite component of the GCOS
4Research and systematic observation Trend of international discussions on the UNFCCCResearch and systematic observationSBSTA 32: Research Dialoguewho: Parties and regional and international research programmes and organizations active in climate change research, and IPCCwhat: developments in research activities relevant to the Convention, including emerging scientific findings, research needs & priories by PartiesNext:further enhance interaction between the science and policy communities/ strengthen research dialogueengage observation programmes in this dialogueprogress developing the GFCS welcomed:WMO invited to report on progress under the research dialogueNext activities related to research dialogue: SBSTA 34 (June 2011)
5Research and systematic observation Trend of international discussions on the UNFCCCResearch and systematic observationSBSTA 33 (Cancun, 30 Nov – 4 Dec 2010)Issues for consideration relevant to global observations:Updated Implementation Plan for the Global Observing System for Climate in support of the UNFCCC (from GCOS), FCCC/SBSTA/2010/MISC.9;Progress with climate-related terrestrial observations and related activities (e.g. terrestrial ECVs) (from GTOS), FCCC/SBSTA/2010/MISC.10;Progress in the coordinated response by space agencies involved in global observations to GCOS and UNFCCC needs (from CEOS), FCCC/SBSTA/2010/MISC.11.Feedback from Parties, follow-up actions (conclusions by SBSTA)→ time frame for seeing new elements implemented and report on advances?
6Trend of international discussions on the UNFCCC Nairobi work programme on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate changeMajor recent activities: Technical workshops oncollaboration among regional centres & networks doing work relevant to climate changepotential costs and benefits of adaptation optionsMain outcomes re climate data & observations, modelling, scenarios & downscaling:Institutional capacity for analysis & interpretation of data and forecastingLocal data (social, economic, climate) to validate global models & climate dataCloser collaboration between providers & users of data and informationLinking regional centres & networks with ongoing climate service networks and initiativesIncreased cooperation in knowledge management at the regional level, e.g. through regional centres, develop regional cooperation mechanismsNext: SBSTA 33 (Cancun): review of effectiveness of the NWPNWP Focal point forum
7REDUCING EMISSIONS FROM DEFORESTATION & FOREST DEGRADATION Trend of international discussions on the UNFCCCREDUCING EMISSIONS FROM DEFORESTATION & FOREST DEGRADATIONMethodological guidance for activities relating to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries.” (4/CP.15)For estimating forest-related GHG emissions & removals, forest carbon stocks and forest area changes, use:most recent IPCC guidance and guidelinescombination of remote sensing and ground-based forest carbon inventory approachesEstablish national forest monitoring systems: robust, transparent, according to national circumstances (consistency, reduction of uncertainties, results suitable for review)forest reference emission levels & forest reference levels: transparently taking into account historic data and adjusted for national circumstancesCapacity building: Encouragement to strengthen capacities of developing countries to collect and access, analyse and interpret data, for developing estimates
8REDD+ under the AWG-LCA Trend of international discussions on the UNFCCCREDD+ under the AWG-LCA(REDD+ refers to “Policy approaches and positive incentives on issues relating to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation; and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forest and enhancement of forest C stocks in developing countries”)On-going discussions/considerations on REDD+ addresses:Scope of activities, guiding principles and safeguards; Phased-approach for implementation Means of implementation, Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) of actions (e.g. establishing reference emission levels, national monitoring systems, use of IPCC guidelines)BUT: A number of key issues still remain to be agreed, e.g.Scope and safeguardsThe link between MRV of actions and supportElements required for implementation, e.g. national forest reference emission level, national forest monitoring system (if and when develop details of modalities);Disclaimer: Negotiations are in process. The present slides are based on the current versions of the relevant draft texts, only presenting information on issues under discussion.
9Trend of international discussions on the UNFCCC Developments under the Bali Action Plan on long-term cooperative action on climate change (AWG-LCA discussions) – elements relevant to observationsTrend of international discussions on the UNFCCCCopenhagen Accord (excerpt)Increase in global av. Temp: below 2 degrees Cassessment of this goal by 2015 taking into account science (including consideration of strengthening long-term goal, 1.5C)Latest negotiating text (AWG-LCA): some views from Parties on matters relevant to climate information and systematic observationEncourage to support the further development & implementation of the GFCSreview of the long-term goal: take into account best available science, observed impacts;Enhancing adaptation action under the proposed Adaptation Framework [for Implementation]Strengthening data, information & knowledge systems,Improving climate-related research & systematic observation for climate data collection, archiving, analysis and modeling for improved climate-related data and information to decision-makers at national and regional levels (incl capacity building).Strengthening existing institutional arrangements and expertise to support the implementation of the proposed Adaptation Framework (incl.components for enhanced systematic observation and information management activities; consider need for new institutional arrangementsDisclaimer: Negotiations are in process. The present slides are based on the current versions of the relevant draft texts, only presenting information on issues under discussion.
10Work under the AWG-LCA: towards Cancun Trend of international discussions on the UNFCCCWork under the AWG-LCA: towards CancunAWG-LCA: emerging architectureFinance and technologyPublic financePrivate financeAdaptationEnabling activitiesAdaptation actionRisk sharingMitigationDeveloping country actionsDeveloped countries commitmentsMonitoring, reporting and verificationDisclaimer: Negotiations are in process. The present slides are based on the current versions of the relevant draft texts, only presenting information on issues under discussion.
11Major needs called for under UNFCCC requiring observational basis Trend of international discussions on the UNFCCCNeeds identified under UNFCCC that can benefit from enhanced GCOS activities:Best available science → → → review by 2015Reduction of uncertainty in scientific informationImproved models, projections, forecastingMore robust IPCC assessments (IPCC TGICA )Products and services (e.g. GFCS) readily available to users & decision-makersAnalysis and interpretation of data & observationsStronger regional focus: regional and local data & observations (adaptation)Underlying requirement: high-quality observations of climate (incl ECVs in all domains) on a systematic and continuous basisDisclaimer: Negotiations are in process. The present slides are based on the current versions of the relevant draft texts, presenting only information on issues under discussion.