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Physical Properties of Matter
Classify Grouping matter together based on similar traits
Properties Describe matter by its mass, magnetism, state, density, solubility, and if it’s a conductor/insulator
Matter Anything that has mass and takes up space
Mass How much matter is in an object
Physical State Solid, Liquid, or Gas
evaporation The change from a liquid to a gas as a result of heating.
condensation The change from gas to liquid as result of taking away heat (cooling)
solid Matter with a definite shape and volume; molecules tightly packed and move slowly.
liquid Matter that flows, has definite shape, but takes the shape of its container; molecules loosely packed and moving.
gas Matter that has no definite shape or volume; molecules are loose and move rapidly
Magnetism Property of attraction to a magnet
Magnetic Attracted to a magnet because it contains iron
Non-magnetic Not attracted to a magnet because it does not contain iron.
Attract Draw closer to.
Repel Push away from
Solubility The ability to dissolve
Density Objects that are more dense will sink; objects that are less dense will float
Buoyancy The ability to float More Dense=Sink Less Dense=Float
Conductor Allows heat and/or electricity to pass through; All metals are good conductors.
Insulator Slows down or stops the flow of electric current or heat; Does not allow heat or electricity to pass through
Liquid volume The amount of space a liquid fills measured by a graduated cylinder or beaker.
Thermal energy Energy that causes a change in temperature between materials
Electric energy Energy produced by the movement of electrons
Flexibility Capable of being bent
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