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States of Matter
What three things are made of matter? Solids, liquids, gases
What is mass? What is it measured in? A measure of the amount of matter in an object. Kilograms
What is volume? What is it measured in? A measure of how much space an object takes up. Milliliters (mL)
What can you use to measure the volume of a liquid? (3 Answers) Graduated cylinder, beaker, measuring cup
How do you measure the volume of a solid? Length X Width X Height Displacement
What two vocabulary words can be used to describe what matter is? Explain. Mass and Volume= Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space
What is weight? A force of gravity between Earth and an object
What measurement is used to measure weight? pounds
What is the same as pounds? One newton=0.22 pounds 4.45 newton=1 pound
What is the force of pull when dealing with weight? gravity
What does an objects weight depend on? Location in the universe
What stays the same as the astronauts go from Earth to the moon? What changes? Mass=SameWeight=Different
How does the astronauts weight on the Moon compare with the astronauts weight on Earth? Weigh less on the Moon
What are the two properties of matter? Mass and Volume
What is density? A measure of how tightly packed the matter is in an object.
How do you calculate density? Mass divided by Volume Ex: Mass 2g Volume 2mL Volume 2mL 2 divided by 2= 1 g per mL
What does high density mean? Also, draw a picture. Many particles are tightly packed in a given area.
What does low density mean? Also, draw a picture. A few particles fill the same amount of space.
What type of particles tend to be tightly packed together? solids
What type of particles tend to spread apart? Liquids or gases
List gas, solid, and liquid in order from most dense to the lease dense? Solid, liquid, gas
Why is water special? Solid water, ice, is less dense than liquid water. The particles in ice are more spread out than the particles in liquid water.
What determines an objects ability to sink or float? density
What word describes an objects ability to float? buoyancy
When will an object sink? When they are more dense than water.
What does conduct mean? Allow energy to flow through them easily
What does insulate mean? Do not allow energy to pass through
What type of items conduct energy? Metals
What should cooking pots and pans have on them and why? Wooden and ceramic handles so you do not get burnt
Why are metals good conductors? They conduct heat and electricity very well
What does the plastic on the wire help with? Works as an insulator around the wire
Name some items that are insulators.
What does magnetic mean? The push or pull on objects.
What two ends of a magnet attract? What two repel? Attract= Positive and Negative Repel= Positive and Positive Negative and Negative Negative and Negative
What are aerogels? Have very low density and great strength Used to insulate windows
What are the four properties of matter? DensityBuoyancyConductivityMagnetism
If a rock was taken from Earth to the Moon, how would its mass and weight be affected? Mass=Same Weight=Less on Moon
What are the three states of matter? Solids, liquids, gases
What can change substances into different states of matter? Adding or removing heat
Draw a picture of a solid, liquid, and gas?
When a solid has particles than begin moving faster and faster, what is going to happen to the solid? Eventually separate and become liquid
When a liquid has particles that being to move faster and faster, what is going to happen to the liquid? Become gas
What is melting point? solid to liquid
What is boiling point? Changes from a liquid to a gas
What does condenses mean? Turns from gas to a liquid
What does freeze mean? Liquid to a solid
What is another word for melting point? Freezing point
How is evaporation different from boiling? Evaporation=Gradual change from liquid to gas Boiling=Rapid change when heat is added
What are the properties of solids? 1.Retain (Keep) their shape 2.Same volume 3.Not a fluid
What are the properties of liquids? 1.Settle to the bottom of container 2.Definite volume 3.A fluid
What are the properties of gases? 1.No definite volume 2.Takes the shape of container 3.A fluid
What is expansion? To spread out when items get hotter
What is contraction? To shrink when items cool
How does a thermometer use expansion and contraction? The liquid in a thermometer expand when temperature rise, and contract when temperature decrease.
Give another example of expansion in every day life? You write down some examples! You write down some examples!
Give another example of contraction in every day life? You write down some examples! You write down some examples!
Mixtures and Solutions. What is Matter? Anything that has mass and takes up space or volume.
States of Matter In this presentation you will: explore the different states of matter explore the terms melting and boiling point ClassAct SRS enabled.
Solids, Liquids, Gases and Plasmas STATES OF MATTER NOTES.
Section 1. Kinetic Theory: How particles in matter behave 3 Basic Assumptions of the Kinetic Theory 1.All matter is composed of small particles (atoms,
Matter: It’s what the world is made of. What is matter? Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space.
Place the 2 groups of objects below in order from coldest to hottest. 1. Cheese, popsicle, napkin 2.Bonfire, napkin, fried egg What do you think?
Chapter 17 Notes. Overview of Chapter 17 Properties of Matter Solids Density Others (brittleness, tensile Strength, etc) Fluids (liquids and gases) DensityBuoyancyViscosity.
Heat Chapter 9 Thermal Energy. Kinetic and Potential Energy Kinetic energy- energy of motion potential energy – Is the certain amount of energy that Molecules.
The Properties of Matter What is matter?. Matter Everything is made of MATTER! Matter is anything that has volume and mass. Volume is the amount of space.
Properties of Matter Chapter 2 – Physical Science.
Chapter 2 Matter. Chemistry The study of matter and how it changes The study of matter and how it changes Matter – anything that has mass and takes up.
What’s the Matter?. Matter Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass.
1 Properties of matter 2 General Properties of Matter u Matter is anything that has mass and volume u Everything is made of matter.
Unit 6 Heat. What is heat? heat – form of energy in moving particles of matter.
NOTESWHAT IS DENSITY? Density is the amount of mass per unit of volume; it describes how much matter is packed into a space.
Brownian Motion How does this prove that atoms exist?
DENSITY. What Is Density? Density is how heavy something is for its size. Density is mass divided by volume or D=m/v D = density, M = mass V = volume.
Chapter: Thermal Energy Table of Contents Section 3: Engines and RefrigeratorsEngines and Refrigerators Section 1: Temperature and Thermal Energy Section.
Solids, Liquids, and Gases Chapter 8-Part 1. Matter and Temperature States of matter Dependent on temperature Solid Liquid Gas Plasma.
CHAPTER 8 DENSITY. Density Density describes the amount of mass in a given volume of a substance. In other words, density describes how closely packed.
States of Matter: Kinetic Molecular Theory Holt McDougal Physical Science C3S1: Matter and Energy Glencoe Science Physical Science C16S1: Kinetic Theory.
Temperature Definition Instrument Scales TEMPERATURE Is associated with heat but it is NOT HEAT. IT IS NOT A FORM OF ENERGY!!!! ( Heat is) Review: What.
Chapter 10 Heat and Temperature. Temperature How hot or cold something is. How hot or cold something is. What make something hot? What make something.
Topic 17 Topic 17 Topic 17: States of Matter Basic Concepts Additional Concepts Table of Contents Topic 17 Topic 17.
Chapters 13 & 17 Phases and Heat. Phases of Matter Chapter 13.
The Nature of Matter The Properties of Matter. What is matter? Easier to describe than to define. It is the stuff that makes up all objects. Matter is.
Physical and Chemical Changes. Properties of Matter All pure substances have characteristic properties Properties are used to distinguish between substances.
Changes of State Beta Science Overview This PowerPoint examines how matter changes from state to state. Changes in state are explained in terms of matter.
Matter and Energy Chapter Vocab Matter – anything that has mass and takes up space Mass – measure of how much matter an object has.
Matter: Its what the worlds made of. What do you know about matter? Solid s Liquids Gasses Plasma.
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