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Ron A. Sequeira and Christina Devorshak USDA-APHIS-PPQ Center for Plant Health Science and Technology Safeguarding Agricultural and Environmental Resources:

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Presentation on theme: "Ron A. Sequeira and Christina Devorshak USDA-APHIS-PPQ Center for Plant Health Science and Technology Safeguarding Agricultural and Environmental Resources:"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Ron A. Sequeira and Christina Devorshak USDA-APHIS-PPQ Center for Plant Health Science and Technology Safeguarding Agricultural and Environmental Resources: Regional Centers of Phytosanitary Excellence An initiative to globally refocus safeguarding efforts

3 US You-All We are in this together…

4 A Functional Hierarchy for COPEs STANDARDS REVIEWCOMMODITY RISK ANALYSIS SURVEY, DETECTION & DIAGNOSTICS TREATMENT PROTOCOLS IPPC, NPPO and COPE Leadership QUALITY CONTROLTRAINING

5 Emergency Response Capacity Safeguarding Plants for Planting Develop action plans targeting high risk pests and pathways Trade Barriers Develop risk analysis products to target SPS Technical Issues Pest and Disease Surveillance Provide input to pest lists and characterization of invasiveness research Quality Assurance / Accreditation Develop accreditation or certification for oversight of targeted pathways Biotechnology Risk Analysis and policy reviews Offshore risk reduction COPE networking and IPPC- mediated multilateral exercises Enhanced Risk Analysis Support streamlining risk analysis support Export Support Develop commodity risk analyses to support U.S. exports Areas of Emphasis for COPEs

6 Organism PRA Commodity PRAPathway AnalysisIntl. and Outreach NPAG Pest Lists Potato Wart,KB Mini PRAs NRC Fruit and Vegetables EU Q37s Q37 Northern Border Southern border Garbage NAPPO/IPPC Offshore Pest Info PAS Outreach Reg. Curriculum NSPL-RA R. Sequeira PERAL R. Griffin NSPL-AQI L. Zettler NSPL-BioTech P. Berger NSPL-IPM R. Sequeira NSPL-Survey D. Fieselmann CPHST Director Gordon Gordh Associate Director V1 Assistant Director S1 Managing the process: one example

7 EradicationManagementExclusion Broadcast pesticides Bait sprays Male annihilation Irradiation Planting date Host Plant Resistance Biological Control/Inundative releases Sterile Insect Release Exclusion through enclosed production Tissue culture Systems Approaches/IPM Paratransgenesis Field Sanitation Mass trapping Pheromone disruption Culling Screens/mechanical barriers Restriction to non-suitable areas Indexing Clean stock programs HACCP Steam/Vapor Heat Hot Water Chlorine dip Fungicide dip Washing Waxing Cold Treatment Cold Storage Containment/Low Prevalence Area freedom Fumigation (soil) Fumigation (commodity) Harvest timing Inspection/Rejection Treatment Menu ( Pre- and post harvest phytosanitary options ) Strategic Analysis at COPEs Photo by Ken Hammond

8 Port insp NPPO means No plant pest opposed Ralstonia SOD ALB CLB Plum Pox Gypsy Moth KB Giant African Snail Fruit flies Grasshopper/Mormon Cricket EAB Larch Canker Citrus Canker SBR PSB Stemming the tide through ports of entry… or taking the battle offshore…?

9 Safeguarding (Countermeasures) Continuum PREVENT PREEMPT RESPOND MITIGATE RESTORE Where we need to be…Where we were (are?) DETERDETECT DENY DESTROY DECIDE CONTAIN MANAGE RECOVER

10 Desiderata (another look at Offshore Hazard and Risk Management) Offshore risk management based on regional partnerships SPS Capacity building Phytosanitary Centers of Excellence Offshore risks information and alert systems IPPC Portals GPDD/OPIS IS safeguarding officers Preclearance CPHST risk analysts Trade Facilitation Export/Import

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12 The OIE ModelOIE OIE regional representationsrepresentations OIE regional commissionscommissions Best Practices Approach

13 United States Colombia France South Africa Japan Phytosanitary Centers of Excellence

14 SPS Capacity Building For Africa SPS Seminar SeriesAPHIS Risk Assessment Advisors Regional SPS Resource Centers and Laboratories Center of Phytosanitary Excellence (COPEs) PRA Center SPS LabTraining Center Building National and Sub-Regional Capacity Preclearance ProgramsInfrastructure Strengthening

15 Seminar Series WTO/Policy WTO/Policy Risk Assessment Training Risk Assessment Training Public/Private Sector Dialogue Public/Private Sector Dialogue

16 APHIS PRA Technical Advisors One Risk Assessment Advisor placed at each US Trade Hub (Gaborone, Kampala, Accra) One Risk Assessment Advisor placed at each US Trade Hub (Gaborone, Kampala, Accra) Additional short-term technical assistance Additional short-term technical assistance Cochran training (market analysis and risk assessment) Cochran training (market analysis and risk assessment)

17 Regional SPS Resource Centers and Laboratories PRA Center SPS Laboratory Training Center Conduct PRAs for countries and exporting agribusinesses Pest mapping Pest mapping Compile and store pest data Compile and store pest data Conduct mitigation trials Conduct mitigation trials Risk Analysis Risk Analysis PPQ Issues PPQ Issues SPS Infrastructure Building SPS Infrastructure Building

18 Measuring success Enhanced export opportunities Enhanced export opportunities Protecting borders and territories Protecting borders and territories Emergency response and recovery Emergency response and recovery –Detect and assess new pests –Respond as needed Protect national resources Protect national resources Demonstrate NPPO effectiveness Demonstrate NPPO effectiveness Provide assurance to trading partners Provide assurance to trading partners

19 The Colombia CEF APHIS Attaché/Colombia, John Shaw, and APHIS PPQs Ron Sequeira created a local/regional center that conducts PRAs and mitigation research. APHIS Attaché/Colombia, John Shaw, and APHIS PPQs Ron Sequeira created a local/regional center that conducts PRAs and mitigation research. Using this model could help us replicate the work of the three risk assessment advisors currently in Sub-Saharan Africa. Using this model could help us replicate the work of the three risk assessment advisors currently in Sub-Saharan Africa.

20 R. A. Sequeira and Christina Devorshak USDA-APHIS-PPQ Center for Plant Health Science and Technology Centers of Phytosanitary Excellence


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